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Human Dev Word List Ch 8-11
Terms in this set (19)
A child's cognitive representation of self, the substance and content of the child's self-conceptions.
1st stage of moral development in Piaget's theory, occurring from 4-7 years. Children think of justice and rules as unchangeable properties of the world, removed from the control of people.
In Piaget's theory, occurring in children about 10 and older. Child becomes aware that rules and laws are created by people and that in judging an action one should consider the actor's intentions as well as the consequences.
Development that involves thoughts, feelings, and behaviors regarding rules and conventions about what people should do in their interactions with other people.
The concept that if a rule is broken, punishment will be meted out(given out) immediately.
Domain-specific evaluations of the self.
The belief that one can master a situation and produce favorable outcomes.
The region of the brain that is the seat of emotions
An eating disorder that involves the relentless pursuit of thinness through starvation.
An eating disorder in which the individual consistently follows a binge-and-purge pattern.
The location where fibers connect the brain's left and right hemispheres.
The heightened self-consciousness of adolescents
Direct Instruction Approach
A structured, teacher-centered approach that is characterized by teacher direction and control, mastery of academic skills, high expectations for students' progress, max time spent on learning tasks, and efforts to keep negative effect to a minimum.
A learner-centered approach that emphasizes the importance of individuals actively constructing their knowledge and understanding with guidance from the teacher
A period of rapid physical maturation, occurring primarily in early adolescence, that involves hormonal and bodily changes.
ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)
A disability in which children consistently show one or more of the following characteristics 1- inattention, 2- hyperactivity, 3-impulsivity.
Describes a child who has difficulty in learning that involves understanding or using spoken or written language, and the difficulty can appear in listening, thinking, reading, writing, and spelling. It also may involve difficulty in math. To be classified as a learning disability, it's not primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor disabilities; mental retardation; emotional disorders; or due to environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage.
Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
A person's mental age divided by chronological age, multiplied by 100.
Also called persuasive developmental disorders, they range from the severe disorder labeled autistic disorder to the milder disorder called Asperger syndrome. Children w/ these disorders are characterized by problems in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors.
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