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71 terms

Drugs and Alcohol

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Drug
A chemical substance that is taken to change a persons body or behavior
Depressant
A drug that slows the brain and body reactions
Intoxication
The state in which a person's mental and physical abilities are impaired by a substance
Blackout
A period of time that an intoxicated person can not recall
Blood alcohol Concentration
The amount of alcohol in a person's blood, expressed as a percentage
Overdose
Consequence of taking excessive amounts of a drug that leads to coma or death
Binge Drinking
The consumption of four or more drinks in one sitting
Cirrhosis
Liver disease in which it becomes filled with useless scar tissue, may lead to liver failure
alcoholism
A disease where a person is unable to control their alcohol use
tolerance
Condition in which repeated use of a drug causes less effect on the brain
dependence
Condition that results when the brain develops a chemical need for a drug and can not function normally with out it
addiction
Strong craving for a drug
reverse tolerance
a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication
detoxification
The process of removing a drug from the body
withdrawal
A group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug
nicotine
Addictive chemical in tobacco products
stimulant
A type of drug that increases the activity of the nervous system
tar
A dark sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns
carcinogen
A substance known to cause cancer
carbon monoxide
A poisonous, colorless, odorless gas produced when substances are burned
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
A disease that results in the gradual loss of lung functioning
mainstream smoke
Smoke exhaled from the lungs of a smoker
sidestream smoke
Smoke directly from the burning end of a tobacco product
environmental tobacco smoke
A combination of sidestream and mainstream smoke
medicine
A legal drug that helps the body fight illness, injury, or disease
drug misuse
Unintentional improper use of medicines
drug abuse
Intentional improper use of drugs
psychoactive drug
A chemical that affects brain activity, mood altering drugs
side effect
An unwanted physical or mental effect caused by a drug
antagonism
A condition when one drug's effects are canceled or reduced by another
synergism
A condition that occurs when drugs interact and produce a greater effect than when the drug is used alone
barbiturates
A class of depressant drugs
opiate
Any drug containing psychoactive compounds contained in the seed pods of poppy plants
hallucinogen
A drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood
club drug
Drugs that first gained popularity at raves and dance clubs
drug
a substance (other than food) that changes the way the mind or body functions
responsible use
correct use of legal drugs to promote health and well-being
misuse
the incorrect use of an over-the-counter or prescription drug
abuse
the intentional use of a drug without medical or health reasons
prescription drug
a medicine that can only be obtained with a written order from a licensed health professional
pharmacist
health professional who dispenses medicine prescribed by other health professional
generic drug
drug that contains same active ingredient as brand-name drug but is usually less expensive
brand-name drug
drugs with a registered name or trademark given by a pharmaceutical company
over-the-counter drug
a drug that can be purchased w/o prescription
physical dependence
condition in which a person develops a tolerance to a drug and the drug becomes necessary or the person experiences withdrawal symptoms
psychological dependence
a strong desire to continue using drugs for emotional reasons
tolerance
a condition in which the body becomes used to a substance
withdrawal symptoms
an unpleasant reaction that occurs when a person who is physically dependent on a drug no longer takes it
stimulant
a group of drugs that speed up central nervous system (ex. caffeine)
sedative-hypnotics
group of drugs that slows central nervous system (ex. anti-depressants)
narcotics
a group of drugs that slow central nervous system, relieve pain, and slow body functions such as heart rate and breathing
hallucinogens
drugs that interfere with senses and cause hallucinations (ex. LSD)
marijuana
dried leaves from cannabis that contains drug THC
anabolic-androgenic steroids
a drug made from the hormone testosterone found in males
inhalants
chemicals that affect mood and behavior when inhaled (ex. glue, hairspray)
alcohol
drug found in certain beverages that depresses brain and nervous system
blood alcohol concentration
amount of alcohol in a person's blood
alcoholism
a disease in which there is a physical and psychological dependence on alcohol
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
recovery program for people with alcoholism
Al-Alnon
recovery program for friends/family of alcoholic
Alateen
recovery program for teens who have friends/parents/family who are alcoholics
tobacco
a plant that contains nicotine
nicotine
a stimulant drug found in tobacco products
smokeless tobacco
tobacco that is chewed or snorted
snuff
tobacco product made from powdered tobacco leaves/stems that is snorted or placed between gum and cheek
carcinogen
chemical known to cause cancer
tar
sticky, thick fluid formed when tobacco is burned
carbon monoxide
odorless, tasteless gas
secondhand smoke
exhaled smoke and side-stream smoke
side-stream smoke
smoke from the end of the cigarette
mainstream smoke
smoke inhaled into the smoker's mouth and lung