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The personality theorist, Sigmund Freud, was an Austrian:


Which perspective is most relevant to understanding the impact of strokes and brain diseases on memory


the survival of organisms best suited to a particular environment is known as

natural selection

Dr. Mills engages in basic research on why individuals conform to the behaviors and opinions of others. Which specialty area does his research best represent

social psychology

efforts to discover whether the intelligence of children is more heavily influenced by their genetic dispositions or by their home environments are most directly relevant to the debate regarding

nature versus nurture

In the context of debates over the origins of psychological traits, nature is to nurture as:

Darwin is to Locke

Which perspective is most concerned with the unique ways in which individuals interpret their own life experiences


Who suggested that animal spirits flow through the nerves so as to produce movements of the body

Rene Descartes

Dr. Roberts engages in basic research involving the construction and validation of tests designed to assess individual difference in traits such as anxiety and self-esteem. which specialty area does her research best represent

social psychology

Dr. Lipka is involved in an applied research study of customer satisfaction with a newly developed line of facial cosmetics and other beauty aids. Dr. Lipka is most likely an __________ psychologist


Dr. Santaniello conducts basic research on how children's moral thinking changes as they grow older. It is most likely that Dr. Santaniello is a _________ psychologist


Which psychological specialists are most likely to be involved in applied research

industrial/organizational psychologists

John Locke's description of the infant mind as a blank slate is most directly relevant to the debate regarding

nature versus nurture

Professor Brody attempts to measure the relative impact of inborn traits and social influences on homosexual behavior. Her research efforts best illustrates the interests of the _______ perspective

behavior genetics

In order to determine whether the strength of people's self-esteem is related to their income levels, researchers would most likely make use of

correlational research

the most accurate way of assessing the impact of breast milk feedings on the intellectual development of children is by means of


the median of a distribution of scores is the

score exceeded by 50 percent of all the scores

the placebo effect best illustrates the effect of ______ on feelings and behaviors

positive expectations

In a single day, 45 babies were born in hospital X, 65 babies in hospital Y, and 25 babies in hospital Z. At which hospital is there the greatest probability that more than 60 percent of the babies are of the same sex

The probability is the same at all three hospitals

the explanatory power of a scientific theory is most closely linked to its capacity to


Adelle dreamed that a handsome young man she had met the previous day asked her for a date. When he actually did call for a date several days later. Adelle concluded that dreams accurately predict future events. Her belief best illustrates

illusory correlation

The 50th percentile of a skewed distribution of scores cannot be equal to

the mode

The tendency to overestimate the extent to which overestimate the extent to which others share our own attitudes is known as

the false consensus effect

in order to study the effects of loud noise on work productivity, Dr. McDuffee had one group of research participants work in a noisy room and a second group work in a quiet room. Those who worked in the quiet room were exposed to the ____ condition


the face that some basketball fans believe the outcome of a player's last few shots is a predictor of the outcome of that person's next shot best illustrates

illusory correlation

a sample average can be used to estimate a population average with greater precision if the sample is


psychological differences between the genders are

far outweighed by gender similarities

if the points on a scatterplot are clustered in a pattern that extends from the upper left to the lower right, this would suggest that the two variables depicted are

negatively correlated

median is to range as

central tendency is to variation

coile and miller's analysis of animal research published during a five-year period in American Psychological Association journal is revealed that psychologists

did none of the above

participants in an experiment are said to be "blind" if they are uniformed about

which experimental treatment, if any, they are recieving

a hypothesis is a

testable prediction that gives direction to research

compared to the general adult population of the United States, those who are legally eligible to serve as jurors in capital punishment cases are _____ likely to be minorities and _____ likely to be women

less; less

the postmodemist viewpoint suggest that science

is a reflection of cultural assumptions and personal

the capacity of one brain area to take over the functions of another damaged brain area is known as brain


babies favor the ____ side of their mouth when beginning a smile and the ____ side when babbling

left; right

a brief electrical charge that travels down the axon of a neuron is called the

action potential

the motor cortex is located in the ____ lobes


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