38 terms

Psychology Review

The personality theorist, Sigmund Freud, was an Austrian:
Which perspective is most relevant to understanding the impact of strokes and brain diseases on memory
the survival of organisms best suited to a particular environment is known as
natural selection
Dr. Mills engages in basic research on why individuals conform to the behaviors and opinions of others. Which specialty area does his research best represent
social psychology
efforts to discover whether the intelligence of children is more heavily influenced by their genetic dispositions or by their home environments are most directly relevant to the debate regarding
nature versus nurture
In the context of debates over the origins of psychological traits, nature is to nurture as:
Darwin is to Locke
Which perspective is most concerned with the unique ways in which individuals interpret their own life experiences
Who suggested that animal spirits flow through the nerves so as to produce movements of the body
Rene Descartes
Dr. Roberts engages in basic research involving the construction and validation of tests designed to assess individual difference in traits such as anxiety and self-esteem. which specialty area does her research best represent
social psychology
Dr. Lipka is involved in an applied research study of customer satisfaction with a newly developed line of facial cosmetics and other beauty aids. Dr. Lipka is most likely an __________ psychologist
Dr. Santaniello conducts basic research on how children's moral thinking changes as they grow older. It is most likely that Dr. Santaniello is a _________ psychologist
Which psychological specialists are most likely to be involved in applied research
industrial/organizational psychologists
John Locke's description of the infant mind as a blank slate is most directly relevant to the debate regarding
nature versus nurture
Professor Brody attempts to measure the relative impact of inborn traits and social influences on homosexual behavior. Her research efforts best illustrates the interests of the _______ perspective
behavior genetics
In order to determine whether the strength of people's self-esteem is related to their income levels, researchers would most likely make use of
correlational research
the most accurate way of assessing the impact of breast milk feedings on the intellectual development of children is by means of
the median of a distribution of scores is the
score exceeded by 50 percent of all the scores
the placebo effect best illustrates the effect of ______ on feelings and behaviors
positive expectations
In a single day, 45 babies were born in hospital X, 65 babies in hospital Y, and 25 babies in hospital Z. At which hospital is there the greatest probability that more than 60 percent of the babies are of the same sex
The probability is the same at all three hospitals
the explanatory power of a scientific theory is most closely linked to its capacity to
Adelle dreamed that a handsome young man she had met the previous day asked her for a date. When he actually did call for a date several days later. Adelle concluded that dreams accurately predict future events. Her belief best illustrates
illusory correlation
The 50th percentile of a skewed distribution of scores cannot be equal to
the mode
The tendency to overestimate the extent to which overestimate the extent to which others share our own attitudes is known as
the false consensus effect
in order to study the effects of loud noise on work productivity, Dr. McDuffee had one group of research participants work in a noisy room and a second group work in a quiet room. Those who worked in the quiet room were exposed to the ____ condition
the face that some basketball fans believe the outcome of a player's last few shots is a predictor of the outcome of that person's next shot best illustrates
illusory correlation
a sample average can be used to estimate a population average with greater precision if the sample is
psychological differences between the genders are
far outweighed by gender similarities
if the points on a scatterplot are clustered in a pattern that extends from the upper left to the lower right, this would suggest that the two variables depicted are
negatively correlated
median is to range as
central tendency is to variation
coile and miller's analysis of animal research published during a five-year period in American Psychological Association journal is revealed that psychologists
did none of the above
participants in an experiment are said to be "blind" if they are uniformed about
which experimental treatment, if any, they are recieving
a hypothesis is a
testable prediction that gives direction to research
compared to the general adult population of the United States, those who are legally eligible to serve as jurors in capital punishment cases are _____ likely to be minorities and _____ likely to be women
less; less
the postmodemist viewpoint suggest that science
is a reflection of cultural assumptions and personal
the capacity of one brain area to take over the functions of another damaged brain area is known as brain
babies favor the ____ side of their mouth when beginning a smile and the ____ side when babbling
left; right
a brief electrical charge that travels down the axon of a neuron is called the
action potential
the motor cortex is located in the ____ lobes