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27 terms

Chapter 3 Class Notes

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Puritans
people who wanted to get rid of Catholicism in the Anglican Church during James I's reign
predestination
belief held by the Puritans that God chose "the elect" and that one's actions on Earth had no factor as to whether or not one would go to Heaven
Non-Conformists
Puritans who wanted to reform the Anglican Church
Separatists
Puritans who left England due to its strongly Catholicism-influenced Anglican Church
Pilgrims
people that moved to Netherlands then the New World, with the help of the Virginia Co., on the Mayflower to Plymouth Bay
Dutch Reformed Church
official faith of the Netherlands that was equivalent to Calvinism
Dutchification
occurrence to children that worried Pilgrims who settled in the Netherlands seeking separation from Catholically-influenced Anglican Church
Mayflower Compact
set of rules established by the Pilgrims when they landed at Plymouth Bay because they were outside of the Virginia Co.'s jurisdiction
Squanto
a Native American who became a ward of a businessman so spoke English when returned to the New World and stumbled upon the Pilgrims in his old village, helped create Thanksgiving
Thanksgiving
celebration of successful crops grown by white settlers due to Native American help
succotash
lima bean and corn dish eaten at the original Thanksgiving
Bradford
leader of the Pilgrims who was elected 30 times and helped to maintain good relations with the natives
Congregationalists
the new Puritans in the Bay Colony who were against any Catholicism in the Anglican Church
Town Hall Democracy
Bay Colony governmental set up that gave 40% of men a vote
hypocrisy
a false sense of goodness in which action are not consistent with one's espoused beliefs, such as was evident in the new colonies because they all had to pay taxes to the church regardless of their faith
King Philip's War
1670s war between settlers and the Native Americans
Hutchinson
woman who challenged the idea that only men could hold clerical positions, espoused antinomianism, and was eventually banished after claiming to have a revelation
antinomianism
belief espoused by Hutchinson that "the elect" have no need to follow laws, both earthly and religious, if already chosen by God to go to Heaven
Williams
a minister who accused the Bay Colony of wrongfully taking Native American land and promoted the separation of church and state as well as founding the Baptist church
separation of church and state
idea promoted by Williams
"Rogues' Island" or "Rhode Island Sewer"
nicknames for Rhode Island because it contained misfits of society including the Jews, Catholics, and Quakers
"Bread Colonies"
nickname for the Middle Colonies due to their vast grain production
self sufficient farmers
farmers who functioned without indentured servant or slave labor who were usually yeomen
whiskey
a beverage made out of vast amounts of grain so it could be transported and sold more easily, nearly functioned as a currency and was used as an anesthetic in surgery and the like
Quakers
aka the Society of Friends that lived in Pennsylvania including famous Ben Franklin
nonviolence
main idea practiced by the Quakers who refused to serve in the military and instead practiced civil disobedience for which they were considered cowards and had their property burned and destroyed
Amish
German Anabaptists who settled in western Pennsylvania and eastern Ohio and stuck to old-fashioned customs without the modern world technologies including barter & trade and simple dress