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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. joint-stock company
  2. encomienda system
  3. Teotihuacan
  4. Inca Empire
  5. Mayan Calendar
  1. a each day associated witha different god who carried sun on back until they became tired (sunset) and passed it off to another (sunrise); allowed Maya to know which god was in charge each day; decisions on when to plant, declare war, marry based upon what god carried the sun on a given day; 260 and 365 day calendars- interlocking gears; 18 months with 20 days each (360) and 5 days in last month, Uayeb, said to be ominous (19 months in all); two calendars combined, took 52 years to repeat same combination of dates; predicted that the world will end on December 21, 2012
  2. b city-state in Valley of Mexico; larger than Monte Alban (Zapotec) because it had 200,000 people; central avenue lined with pyramids dedicated to various gods, largest was Pyramid of the Sun; abandoned around 750
  3. c golden age in 1500s; South America; began in Valley of Cuzco;; believed king was descendant of sun god (Inti); expanded to include 2500 mi and 16 million people; united empire through bureaucracy, road system, single spoken language (Quechua), record keeping system, school system that taught values; government offices built throughout empire of stone without use of iron tools or mortar (chiseled away stone to fit blocks together, like puzzle pieces); had terraces for farming, 14,000 mi of roads and brigbes- even had guest houses for the travelers, had chasquis; never developed writing system- history and literature memorized and passed on orally; worship nature gods
  4. d Spaniard given a piece of land and had rights to the labor of all the natives living on that land (Spanish king gives you land, you own land and people on it, make them farm and mine for silver/gold); worked natives to death- if famine, took their food, if cold, took their blankets
  5. e like a corporation; investors buy share of stock in a company, people combine wealth for a common purpose (usually American colonization which was expensive and risky)

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas. imaginary line, East (Asia) to Portugal, West (Americas) to Spain; not their word to divide! people think its unfair because they want the world too, and the natives have no say
  2. an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
  3. rule Valley of Mexico after the Toltec collapse; nomads from northern Mexico, according to legend, sun god told Aztec to settle and create a city in a certain place, which was an island in Lake Texcoco, where they ended up building their great city Tenochtitlan; rigid social class; 15 million people; power based on military conquest and tribute (food/gold, human sacrifice); if any region failed to pay tribute, Aztec destroyed the village and sacrificed the inhabitants
  4. Portuguese explorer who in 1488 led the first expedition to sail around the southern tip of Africa from the Atlantic and sight the Indian Ocean. (first to round the trip of Africa); 1487-1488, approached tip of Africa-->went south of cape-->go up north-->round tip of Africa-->come home; king named it the "cape of good hope"; for the first time, Europeans can trade directly with India and Asia without middlemen, which increased the power of Europe
  5. believed to be the first Americans; named after spearheads-Clovis points- found in Clovis, New Mexico (9500 BCE)

5 True/False questions

  1. Intienvious of Portugal's success; set out to find own passage to Asia; Christopher Columbus; competed with Portuguese as a result of claims made by Ferdinand Magellan; decided to establish colonies in the Western Hemisphere, particularly American mainland, after conquering Aztec and Inca, set up colonies in Americas


  2. MocheYucatan Peninsula (justs out to the Gulf of Mexico); city-states (ex. Tikal, Chichen Itza): all independent, ruled by different god-kings, served as religious and trading centers, urban centers; peak of civilization during the Classical period 250-900 AD; rigid social class strucutre (king, priests/nobles/warriors, merchants, peasants)- no social mobility; polytheistic (beleve in gods of maize, rain, death, etc); kings had bloodletting- royal blood believed to bring rain and sun; used human sacrificed, tossed people into cenotes; develop complex calendar; developed a base 20 number system and concept of zero, predicted solar elipses which increased the power of Maya kings and priests; most advanced system of writing in Americas (glyphs); declined in 800s, abandoned cities


  3. GlyphsCeremonial Mayan ball game believe to maintain the cycle of the sun and moon (can't use heads/feet, use body to hit heavy rubber doll through hoop); losers (often POWs deprived of food and sleep) sacrificed


  4. favorable balance of trademysterious, in 800s when they abandoned their cities; warfare between the city-states may have disrupted trade and left them vulnerable to Toltec invaders (north); population growth led to over farming and famine, 800s were dry (poor harvests--> people lose faith in kings because royal blood not bringing victory or good harvests


  5. magnetic compasslike a corporation; investors buy share of stock in a company, people combine wealth for a common purpose (usually American colonization which was expensive and risky)