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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Inca Government
  2. Huitzilopochtli
  3. Monte Verde
  4. Bartolome de Las Casas
  5. Impact of Corn and Potatoes
  1. a Spanish monk who criticized the encomienda system and the brutal treatment of Native Americans, which resulted in the Spanish abolishing the encomienda system (convinced king to end it because of atrocities) but they needed labor; suggested use of Africans (less likely to die from European diseases), regretted the suggestion (didn't know they would be treated as badly/worse) because slave trade increased dramatically 8responsible for African slave trade*
  2. b site where tools and a foot print dating to 10,500 BC found; in Chile; older than Clovis
  3. c corn and potatoes from Americas to Europe were cheap and nutritious; helped people live longer and increased the world's population
  4. d king governs empire; bureaucracy; total control over the economy- command economy (little private trade allowed) ;each subject had to pay mita (labor tribute)
  5. e sun god of Aztec who told them to settle and create a city at the place where they found an eagle perched on a cactus holding a snake in its mouth- this image is found on the Mexican flag

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. extended family groups of the Inca who worked together to complete a mita
  2. built by ayllus (Inca) as part of their mita, used to increase agricultural production; steps on side of a mountain
  3. global trasnfer of foods, plants, animals, and diseases during civilization of the Americas
  4. NAZCA- lines depicting animals and plants, created by scraping away rocks (post, put rope around it, cleared out all stones between the lines); not discovered until 1920s, can not be seen from the ground, unseen until airplane flew overhead; some claim they are the work of aliens, some theories- mapping of paths of stars, religious ceremonial centers, Nazca may have had air balloons; maybe messages to the gods, directiosn to water sources
  5. an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought

5 True/False questions

  1. Treaty of TordesillasSet the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas. imaginary line, East (Asia) to Portugal, West (Americas) to Spain; not their word to divide! people think its unfair because they want the world too, and the natives have no say


  2. command economyin Pensilvania, earlier than Clovis and Monte Verde (13,000 BC), 1,000 years before the glacial passage


  3. coastal plainbetween Andes and Pacific Ocean; most is harsh desert (little rainfall) but civilization developed along rivers flowing from Andes into Pacific and along Pacific coast


  4. Bartolomeu DiasPortuguese explorer who in 1488 led the first expedition to sail around the southern tip of Africa from the Atlantic and sight the Indian Ocean. (first to round the trip of Africa); 1487-1488, approached tip of Africa-->went south of cape-->go up north-->round tip of Africa-->come home; king named it the "cape of good hope"; for the first time, Europeans can trade directly with India and Asia without middlemen, which increased the power of Europe


  5. Mocherose to power in 900 after Teotihuacan in Valley of Mexico (Central Mexico); capital of Tula; warlike people; empire based on conquest0 pillars of armed warriors; worshipped war god who demanded blood and human sacrifice; 1000- a ruler sought to end sacrifice; warrior class unhappy (culture based on war) so they overthrew Topiltzin and forced him into exile; collapses --> Aztec


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