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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Clovis Points
  2. Topper
  3. Francisco Pizarro
  4. Temple of the Sun
  5. Olmec
  1. a spearheads of Clovis, bifacial-chipped on both sides; fluted base that would be attached to tip of a spear
  2. b in Cuzco (Inca); sacred shrine, walls coated in gold to reflect the sun
  3. c Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas, inspired by Cortes; captured Atahualpa (emperor), no casualties in his 200 men, but killed 6000 Inca; Atahualpa promised to fill a room with silver and gold to be released, filled room multiple times, Spansih didn't release him, they strangled him
  4. d first American civilization; 1200-400 BC; in mesoamerica- coast of gulf of mexico; known as the "mother culture"; lived on coastal land- swamps and jungles; abundant resources (clay, wood, stone, fertile soil); cities served as centers of trade, residential living, and religious rituals; built pyramids, earthen mounds, sculptures; GIANT STONE HEADS, half-human, half-jaguar worshipped (represented power or fertility); great pyramid; collpased by 400 BC because attacked by outsiders or destroyed cities upon death of leaders; influenced civilizations with art, jaguar worship, urban designs, ceremonial centers, and ritual ball games
  5. e in South America; earliest artifacts in the Americas; dated around 50,000 BC

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. served as a tomb for a powerful Olmec ruler, observatory, or a religious center
  2. extended family groups of the Inca who worked together to complete a mita
  3. 3/4 in Spanish social pyramid in colonies; had a Spanish parent and a Native American parent (usually a Spanish man/native woman); often discriminated against and were lower class laborers (jobs no one else wanted)
  4. Emperor (governs whole empire of 15 million people), nobles (gov. officials, generals, religious leaders), commoners (merchatns, artisans, soldiers, land owning farmers), enslaved persons
  5. belief of many gods

5 True/False questions

  1. Nazca lines200 BC-600 AD; along coastal plain of S. America; extensive irrigation systems (underground canals caught rain water which was scarce- need to catch as much before it evaporates) to farm land; best known for the Nazca lines


  2. coastal plainInca, son of Huayna Capac (civil war); defeated his brother Huascar, drank from his brother's skull; he was emperor at time of Spanish arrival


  3. Incan roads14,000 mi, united the empire; up mountain sides in a zigzag formation to reduce steepness of the climb- Inca have larger lungs (in higher elevation, less O2)


  4. astrolabebuilt by ayllus (Inca) as part of their mita, used to increase agricultural production; steps on side of a mountain


  5. mercantilismeconomic system based on private ownership and investment of resources for profit