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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Beringia
  2. Monte Alban
  3. encomienda system
  4. Popol Vuh
  5. Valley of Mexico
  1. a Zapotec urban center; first major urban center in the Americas, contained stone pyramids, temples, observatory
  2. b central Mexico; ideal because it had fertile soil, many shallow lakes; became site of Aztec empire; first civilizations to develop here were the Teotihuacan and Toletec
  3. c Spaniard given a piece of land and had rights to the labor of all the natives living on that land (Spanish king gives you land, you own land and people on it, make them farm and mine for silver/gold); worked natives to death- if famine, took their food, if cold, took their blankets
  4. d land bridge that connected Americas to Asia in las ice age; glaciers reduced sea levels and exposed ocean floor, so in 12,000 BC, hunter-gatherers followed animals across the land brige; glaciers receded afterwards, so it was covered with water, became the Bering Strait
  5. e Mayan book; written after the arrival of the Spanish

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. in South America; stretch 4,500 mi down western edge; soil poor, snow covered mountain peaks year round, voerland travel difficult, hot during day and cold at night (Chavin, Nazca, Moche, Inca)
  2. read by Spanish conquistadors to Native Americans upon first contact- document they read telling them to acknowledge Church as ruler of world and if you don't, we'll make war with you; not very Christian of them, Native Americans don't even speak Spanish so the Spanish take everything; use religion as a way to take gold
  3. 800 of these hieroglyphic symbols in the Mayan writing system; stood for words and syllables
  4. 100-700 AD; civilization along coastal plane of S. America; produced bean, corn, squash, fed on fish of Pacific; gold jewelry and beautiful pottery; doctors operated on patients- conducted brain surgery (people survived)
  5. prince of Portugal, founded a navigation school attended by sea captains, cartographers, ship builders

5 True/False questions

  1. polytheisticrose to power in 900 after Teotihuacan in Valley of Mexico (Central Mexico); capital of Tula; warlike people; empire based on conquest0 pillars of armed warriors; worshipped war god who demanded blood and human sacrifice; 1000- a ruler sought to end sacrifice; warrior class unhappy (culture based on war) so they overthrew Topiltzin and forced him into exile; collapses --> Aztec

          

  2. Toltecrose to power in 900 after Teotihuacan in Valley of Mexico (Central Mexico); capital of Tula; warlike people; empire based on conquest0 pillars of armed warriors; worshipped war god who demanded blood and human sacrifice; 1000- a ruler sought to end sacrifice; warrior class unhappy (culture based on war) so they overthrew Topiltzin and forced him into exile; collapses --> Aztec

          

  3. chinampas900-200 BC; first known civilization in the Andes; mother culture of South America; pyramids, earthen mounds, art, pottery, religion

          

  4. Olmecfirst American civilization; 1200-400 BC; in mesoamerica- coast of gulf of mexico; known as the "mother culture"; lived on coastal land- swamps and jungles; abundant resources (clay, wood, stone, fertile soil); cities served as centers of trade, residential living, and religious rituals; built pyramids, earthen mounds, sculptures; GIANT STONE HEADS, half-human, half-jaguar worshipped (represented power or fertility); great pyramid; collpased by 400 BC because attacked by outsiders or destroyed cities upon death of leaders; influenced civilizations with art, jaguar worship, urban designs, ceremonial centers, and ritual ball games

          

  5. Capitalismeconomic system based on private ownership and investment of resources for profit