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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Inca Empire
  2. Quechua
  3. Nazca
  4. Incan roads
  5. Tenochtitlan
  1. a single spoken language of the Inca, united them
  2. b golden age in 1500s; South America; began in Valley of Cuzco;; believed king was descendant of sun god (Inti); expanded to include 2500 mi and 16 million people; united empire through bureaucracy, road system, single spoken language (Quechua), record keeping system, school system that taught values; government offices built throughout empire of stone without use of iron tools or mortar (chiseled away stone to fit blocks together, like puzzle pieces); had terraces for farming, 14,000 mi of roads and brigbes- even had guest houses for the travelers, had chasquis; never developed writing system- history and literature memorized and passed on orally; worship nature gods
  3. c great city of Aztec, home to 400,000 people; in Lake Texcoco, island connected to mainland by three causeways (drawbridges); roads and canals cross teh city, center had a thriving market, walled complex containing palaces, government buildings, and the Great Temple; many chinampas (floating gardens)
  4. d 14,000 mi, united the empire; up mountain sides in a zigzag formation to reduce steepness of the climb- Inca have larger lungs (in higher elevation, less O2)
  5. e 200 BC-600 AD; along coastal plain of S. America; extensive irrigation systems (underground canals caught rain water which was scarce- need to catch as much before it evaporates) to farm land; best known for the Nazca lines

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. after glaciers receded, sea levels rose and Beringia flooded with water; separated Americas from Asia
  2. Inca-little private trade allowed
  3. in Virginia, artifacts date to 15,000 BC- 3,000 years before the glacial passage (older than Clovis, Monte Verde, Meodowcroft)
  4. economic system based on private ownership and investment of resources for profit
  5. Emperor (governs whole empire of 15 million people), nobles (gov. officials, generals, religious leaders), commoners (merchatns, artisans, soldiers, land owning farmers), enslaved persons

5 True/False questions

  1. Temple of the Sunin Cuzco (Inca); sacred shrine, walls coated in gold to reflect the sun

          

  2. Huitzilopochtligreat city of Aztec, home to 400,000 people; in Lake Texcoco, island connected to mainland by three causeways (drawbridges); roads and canals cross teh city, center had a thriving market, walled complex containing palaces, government buildings, and the Great Temple; many chinampas (floating gardens)

          

  3. Treaty of Tordesillascentral Mexico; ideal because it had fertile soil, many shallow lakes; became site of Aztec empire; first civilizations to develop here were the Teotihuacan and Toletec

          

  4. Peninsulares1/4 top of Spanish social pyramid in colonies; born in Spain, have best jobs and land

          

  5. Mestizo3/4 in Spanish social pyramid in colonies; had a Spanish parent and a Native American parent (usually a Spanish man/native woman); often discriminated against and were lower class laborers (jobs no one else wanted)