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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Mayan City-States
  2. Topper
  3. Bartolome de Las Casas
  4. Moche
  5. polytheistic
  1. a belief of many gods
  2. b 100-700 AD; civilization along coastal plane of S. America; produced bean, corn, squash, fed on fish of Pacific; gold jewelry and beautiful pottery; doctors operated on patients- conducted brain surgery (people survived)
  3. c in South America; earliest artifacts in the Americas; dated around 50,000 BC
  4. d each city contained temples, pyramids, and a ceremonial ball court for ulama
  5. e Spanish monk who criticized the encomienda system and the brutal treatment of Native Americans, which resulted in the Spanish abolishing the encomienda system (convinced king to end it because of atrocities) but they needed labor; suggested use of Africans (less likely to die from European diseases), regretted the suggestion (didn't know they would be treated as badly/worse) because slave trade increased dramatically 8responsible for African slave trade*

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Mayan city-state whose buildings lined up with specific celestial movements (astronomical city map)
  2. prince of Portugal, founded a navigation school attended by sea captains, cartographers, ship builders
  3. hunter-gatherers; more sedentary than assumed; hunted small game and fished; may have had one or two large mammal kills in their lives (exceptions); 6000 BC- began farming- crops were squash, beans, maize; agriculture--> population growth, urbanization, specialization, complex governments
  4. Inca-little private trade allowed
  5. Ceremonial Mayan ball game believe to maintain the cycle of the sun and moon (can't use heads/feet, use body to hit heavy rubber doll through hoop); losers (often POWs deprived of food and sleep) sacrificed

5 True/False questions

  1. Great Pyramid at La Ventaserved as a tomb for a powerful Olmec ruler, observatory, or a religious center


  2. Inca Empirerule Valley of Mexico after the Toltec collapse; nomads from northern Mexico, according to legend, sun god told Aztec to settle and create a city in a certain place, which was an island in Lake Texcoco, where they ended up building their great city Tenochtitlan; rigid social class; 15 million people; power based on military conquest and tribute (food/gold, human sacrifice); if any region failed to pay tribute, Aztec destroyed the village and sacrificed the inhabitants


  3. requirementoread by Spanish conquistadors to Native Americans upon first contact- document they read telling them to acknowledge Church as ruler of world and if you don't, we'll make war with you; not very Christian of them, Native Americans don't even speak Spanish so the Spanish take everything; use religion as a way to take gold


  4. Treaty of Tordesillascentral Mexico; ideal because it had fertile soil, many shallow lakes; became site of Aztec empire; first civilizations to develop here were the Teotihuacan and Toletec


  5. Aztec social classesEmperor (governs whole empire of 15 million people), nobles (gov. officials, generals, religious leaders), commoners (merchatns, artisans, soldiers, land owning farmers), enslaved persons


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