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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Treaty of Tordesillas
  2. Monte Verde
  3. Montezuma II
  4. inflation
  5. Tenochtitlan
  1. a rise in price of goods because people have more money to spend which leads to increased demand while the supply of goods is less than the demand; goods are scarce and valuable; increased economic activity and increased money supply of a country causes this
  2. b Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas. imaginary line, East (Asia) to Portugal, West (Americas) to Spain; not their word to divide! people think its unfair because they want the world too, and the natives have no say
  3. c great city of Aztec, home to 400,000 people; in Lake Texcoco, island connected to mainland by three causeways (drawbridges); roads and canals cross teh city, center had a thriving market, walled complex containing palaces, government buildings, and the Great Temple; many chinampas (floating gardens)
  4. d emperor of the Aztec during Spanish arrival; during his reign, several Aztec provinces revolted and refused to pay tribute/victims, military struggled to put down the rebellions; arrival of the Spanish (some thought this was reutrn of Quetzalcoatl), end of Aztec civilization
  5. e site where tools and a foot print dating to 10,500 BC found; in Chile; older than Clovis

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Chinese invention that helped sailors determine their direction (N/S/E/W)
  2. mysterious, in 800s when they abandoned their cities; warfare between the city-states may have disrupted trade and left them vulnerable to Toltec invaders (north); population growth led to over farming and famine, 800s were dry (poor harvests--> people lose faith in kings because royal blood not bringing victory or good harvests
  3. believed to be the first Americans; named after spearheads-Clovis points- found in Clovis, New Mexico (9500 BCE)
  4. between Andes and Pacific Ocean; most is harsh desert (little rainfall) but civilization developed along rivers flowing from Andes into Pacific and along Pacific coast
  5. central Mexico; ideal because it had fertile soil, many shallow lakes; became site of Aztec empire; first civilizations to develop here were the Teotihuacan and Toletec

5 True/False questions

  1. Andes Mountains14,000 mi, united the empire; up mountain sides in a zigzag formation to reduce steepness of the climb- Inca have larger lungs (in higher elevation, less O2)


  2. Peninsulares1/4 top of Spanish social pyramid in colonies; born in Spain, have best jobs and land


  3. Beringialand bridge that connected Americas to Asia in las ice age; glaciers reduced sea levels and exposed ocean floor, so in 12,000 BC, hunter-gatherers followed animals across the land brige; glaciers receded afterwards, so it was covered with water, became the Bering Strait


  4. Mesoamericafirst American civilization; 1200-400 BC; in mesoamerica- coast of gulf of mexico; known as the "mother culture"; lived on coastal land- swamps and jungles; abundant resources (clay, wood, stone, fertile soil); cities served as centers of trade, residential living, and religious rituals; built pyramids, earthen mounds, sculptures; GIANT STONE HEADS, half-human, half-jaguar worshipped (represented power or fertility); great pyramid; collpased by 400 BC because attacked by outsiders or destroyed cities upon death of leaders; influenced civilizations with art, jaguar worship, urban designs, ceremonial centers, and ritual ball games


  5. Valley of Cuzcoin South America, where the Inca Empire began