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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Zapotec
  2. Atahualpa
  3. polytheistic
  4. Nazca lines
  5. Aztec social classes
  1. a NAZCA- lines depicting animals and plants, created by scraping away rocks (post, put rope around it, cleared out all stones between the lines); not discovered until 1920s, can not be seen from the ground, unseen until airplane flew overhead; some claim they are the work of aliens, some theories- mapping of paths of stars, religious ceremonial centers, Nazca may have had air balloons; maybe messages to the gods, directiosn to water sources
  2. b Inca, son of Huayna Capac (civil war); defeated his brother Huascar, drank from his brother's skull; he was emperor at time of Spanish arrival
  3. c Emperor (governs whole empire of 15 million people), nobles (gov. officials, generals, religious leaders), commoners (merchatns, artisans, soldiers, land owning farmers), enslaved persons
  4. d 500 BC-600 AD; new civilization in Oaxaca Valley after Olmec collapsed; developed hieroglyphics and a calendar system based on movement of the sun (connection to Maya- Maya has unique glyphs); first appearance of writing in America, early hints for potential Mayan calendar; built first major urban center in Americas- Monte Alban (stone pyramids, temples, observatory); declined around 600 AD; influenced later civilizations because of hieroglyphics, calendar, urban centers
  5. e belief of many gods

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Yucatan Peninsula (justs out to the Gulf of Mexico); city-states (ex. Tikal, Chichen Itza): all independent, ruled by different god-kings, served as religious and trading centers, urban centers; peak of civilization during the Classical period 250-900 AD; rigid social class strucutre (king, priests/nobles/warriors, merchants, peasants)- no social mobility; polytheistic (beleve in gods of maize, rain, death, etc); kings had bloodletting- royal blood believed to bring rain and sun; used human sacrificed, tossed people into cenotes; develop complex calendar; developed a base 20 number system and concept of zero, predicted solar elipses which increased the power of Maya kings and priests; most advanced system of writing in Americas (glyphs); declined in 800s, abandoned cities
  2. Portuguese explorer who rounded the tip of Africa and sailed into India in 1498; Portugal-->S. tip of Africa-->E. Africa-->Indian Ocean-->W. Africa (Calicut); conquered Kilwa (East Africa), named the "admiral of the Indian ocean"; Europe starts to conquer E. Africa and India
  3. great city of Aztec, home to 400,000 people; in Lake Texcoco, island connected to mainland by three causeways (drawbridges); roads and canals cross teh city, center had a thriving market, walled complex containing palaces, government buildings, and the Great Temple; many chinampas (floating gardens)
  4. in South America; stretch 4,500 mi down western edge; soil poor, snow covered mountain peaks year round, voerland travel difficult, hot during day and cold at night (Chavin, Nazca, Moche, Inca)
  5. after death of Huayna Capac in Golden age (1500s), 2 of his sons fought (Atahualpa and Huascar); Atahualpa won; weakened Inca Empire, facilitated a takeover by Spanish conquistadors because the empire was devastated

5 True/False questions

  1. Great Pyramid at La Ventaserved as a tomb for a powerful Olmec ruler, observatory, or a religious center


  2. Incan roads14,000 mi, united the empire; up mountain sides in a zigzag formation to reduce steepness of the climb- Inca have larger lungs (in higher elevation, less O2)


  3. Capitalismeconomic system based on private ownership and investment of resources for profit


  4. astrolabeMuslim invention; allowed sailors to determine their latitude


  5. Huitzilopochtlisun god of Aztec who told them to settle and create a city at the place where they found an eagle perched on a cactus holding a snake in its mouth- this image is found on the Mexican flag