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101 terms

Med Term Chap 16 17

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Adrenal Cortex
outer portion of the adrenal gland
adenohypophysis
the anterior lobe of the pituitary body
adrenogenital syndrome
masculinization in women, feminization in men, or premature sexual development in children; result of abnormal secretion of adrenocortical hormones, especially androgens
axillary
of or relating to the armpit
adrenal gland
either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
adenoma
tumor of a gland
adipose
fatty tissue
atrophy
a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
abscess
localized collection of pus
albinism
the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
adrenocorticotropic hormone
a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
accessory skin structure
The hair, nails, sebaceous glands, and sweat glands. They are embedded in the dermis.
acromegaly
enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face
androgenic
of or related to the male hormone androgen
Addison disease
occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the hormones cortisol or aldosterone
abrasion
an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
antiseptic
a substance that destroys micro-organisms that carry disease without harming body tissues
adiposity
having the property of containing fat
antidiuretic hormone
hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus
adenohypophysis
anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
bulla
large blister
cushing syndrome
a hormonal disorder caused by too much hydrocortisone
cryotherapy
therapeutic use of cold
colostrums
specialized form of milk that delivers essential nutrients and antibodies in a form that a newborn can digest
cellulitis
an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain
contact dermatitis
a delayed type of allergic reaction of the skin resulting from skin contact with a specific allergen (such as poison ivy)
contusion
an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
debridement
surgical removal of foreign material and dead tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and promote healing
diabetes inspidus
Hyposecretion of ADH leads to a condition of excessive urine output.
dermabrasion
removal of scars or tattoos by anesthetizing the skin surface and then sanding or wire-brushing off some of the outer skin layer
diuretic
any substance that tends to increase the flow of urine
diathermy
a method of physical therapy that involves generating local heat in body tissues by high-frequency electromagnetic currents
diabetes
A condition of abnormal use of glucose, usually caused by too little insulin or lack of response to insulin.
epinephrine
a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin)
exocrine gland
a gland that secretes externally through a duct
epidermis
the outer layer of the skin covering the exterior body surface of vertebrates
exophthalmos
protrusion of the eyeball from the socket
fibrocustic breast disease
the presence of single or multiple benign cysts that are palpable in the breast.
gonadotropin
hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and placenta
gynecomastia
excessive development of the breasts in males
gonadal
of or relating to the gonads
gigantism
excessive largeness of stature
hypothermia
subnormal body temperature
hypogonadism
incompetence of the gonads (especially in the male with low testosterone)
hyperthermia
abnormally high body temperature
hypopituitarism
pituitary insufficiency
hypophysis
the master gland of the endocrine system
hidradenitis
Inflammation of a sweat gland
homeostasis
the ability of a living thing to keep conditions inside its body constant
integument
an outer protective covering such as the skin of an animal or a cuticle or seed coat or rind or shell
ichthyoid
fishlike
intermammary
Between the breast
islets of Langerhans
cell clusters in the pancreas that form the endocrine part of that organ
keratin
hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair, and nails
keratosis
a skin condition marked by an overgrowth of layers of horny skin
keratoma
Acquired, superficial, thickened patch of epidermis commonly known as callus, caused by pressure or friction on the hands and feet.
lactiferous sinus
the expanded storage area that the ducts with the milk produced by the alveoli converge into as they approach the nipple. these open to the outside of the nipple
laceration
a torn ragged wound
macule
freckle
mastopexy
plastic surgery to lift or reshape the breasts
mammogram
X-ray film of the soft tissue of the breast
melanoma
black tumor
master gland concept
pituitary gland; controls function of other endocrine glands
necrosis
the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply)
oxytocin
hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitocin)
onychopathy
Any disease of the nails
prostaglandis
hormone-like substance: stimulates uterus contraction, regulates body temp, can lower blood pressure
petechiae
Small, pinpoint hemorrhages
pituitary
the master gland of the endocrine system
pancreas
a large elongated exocrine gland located behind the stomach
parathyroids
beside or near the thyroids
prolactin
Stimulates milk production
rhytidoplasty
plastic surgery to remove wrinkles and other signs of aging from your face
scleroprotein
used to harden the epicuticle, bonds with calcium salts.
seborrheic dermatitis
dandruff
sweat glands
small organs in the dermis layer of the skin that release sweat
sudoriferous gland
any of the glands in the skin that secrete perspiration
subcutaneous
relating to or located below the epidermis
sebum
the oily secretion of the sebaceous glands
seborrhea
a condition in which overactivity of the sebaceous glands causes the skin to become oily
sebaceous gland
a cutaneous gland that secretes sebum (usually into a hair follicle) for lubricating hair and skin
suprarenal
above the kidneys
thyroidectomy
surgical removal of the thyroid gland
thyroxine
hormone produced by the thyroid glands to regulate metabolism by controlling the rate of oxidation in cells
thyrocalcitonin
thyroid gland
tetraiodothyronine
hormone produced by the thyroid glands to regulate metabolism by controlling the rate of oxidation in cells
topical anesthetics
Block sensation of pain by numbing the skin layers and mucous membranes
two main layers of the skin
dermis and epidermis
urticaria
Hives
xerosis
dry skin
ABA
American Burn Association
ADH
antidiuretic hormone
DLE
discoid lupus erythematosus
DM
diabetes mellitus
GTT
glucose tolerance test
I & D
incision and drainage
PVD
peripheral vascular disease
RAIU
Radioactive iodine up-take test
TBSA
total body surface area
UNG
oinment