24 terms

Mexican and Haitian Independence Movements

Causes, practices, and effects
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Haitian cause
French National Assembly grants Gens de Coleur political rights
Haitian cause
Armed demonstration after Colonial Assembly prevents the rights
Haitian cause
Gens de Coleur leaders are executed
Haitian cause
Slaves revolt
Haitian cause
Soon half of the slaves are fighting the Colonial forces
Haitian practice
Slaves attacked and destroyed plantations and any whites they encountered or slaves who were loyal to their masters
Haitian practice
Guerilla warfare
Haitian practice
Toussaint L'Ouverture emerges as a leader
Haitian practice
1792 - 6,000 French troops were sent, but fighting only intensified
Haitian practice
British arrive and the war of attrition carries on until 1798
Haitian effect
1793 - slavery is abolished (desperation)
Haitian effect
Newly free blacks overthrow Gens de Coleur
Haitian effect
Toussaint Imprisoned in the Alps by Napoleon
Haitian effect
Gens de Coleur take power - social stratification persists
Haitian effect
Freedom of blacks is inspirational to the rest of the Americas
Mexican cause
Hidalgo calls for redistribution of land, abolition of slavery, and an end to Indian tribute
Mexican cause
Hidalgo's call appealed to creoles, Native Americans, mestizos, mulattos, free blacks and more
Mexican cause
1814 - Morelos wrote the Constitutional Decree for the Liberty of Mexico: infused with Catholicism, abolition of slavery
Mexican practice
Guerilla warfare and war of attrition
Mexican practice
Iturbide has continued success on the battlefield
Mexican practice
The creoles and peninsulares were terrified by the 80,000 revolutionaries Hidalgo recruited
Mexican effect
Plan de Iguala: Independence from Spanish Crown,
Supremacy of the Roman Catholic Church,
Equality for peninsulares and creoles
Mexican effects
1822 Emperor Iturbide (2 yrs)
Mexican practice
The creoles and peninsulares took advantage of the chaos and defeated Hidalgo's fighters with the royal and local militias