Functions: water in plasma helps to control body temperature. Plasma contains plasma proteins (albumin, globulins, and fibrinogen). Albumin and globulins transport substances such as fatty acids, hormones, and vitamins. Albumin also plays an important role in regulating osmotic pressure and blood volume. Some globulins fight viral and bacterial infections. Fibrinogen is necessary for blood to clot.
Special info: plasma is 55% of blood volume and it is made up of about 90 percent water and 10 percent dissolved gases, salts, nutrients, enzymes, hormones, waste products, plasma proteins (albumin, globulins, and fibrinogens) cholesterol, and other important compounds.
Causes- poor diet, lack of exercise, weight, smoking, age, family history, or diabetes; Complications- heart damage where the heart struggles to push blood through the vessels, small tears in blood vessels (which sets the stage for atherosclerosis, a type of heart disease), heart attack, stroke, and kidney damage; Treatments- changing the controllable risk factors