21 terms

Progressive Era

Progressive Era vocab for 11th grade US History
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Susan B. Anthony
She was one of the leaders of the women's rights movement and temperance movements, advocated the 19th amendment and arrested for trying to vote.
Sixteenth Amendment
This amendment was ratified 1913 creating a graduated income tax
Jane Addams
She created the Hull House in Chicago, a settlement house designed to provide slum neighborhoods with education, child care, and services.
Populist
This political party represented the "common man" (industrialists/farmers/miners), supported government intervention in business. In the 1896 election they supported WJ Bryan.
Upton Sinclair
He was the author of The Jungle exposing the horrible conditions of the meat-packing industry.
Meat Inspection Act
This act (inspired by The Jungle) was passed in 1906 to require truthful labeling products to protect consumers.
Progressives
This party included mostly middle class citizens who felt threatened by the rise of big business. Their platform included political reforms, worker conditions and women's rights.
Referendum
This is a progressive era reform that allows a citizen to reject or accept a law passed by the legislature.
Nineteenth Amendment
This amendment was ratified in 1920 and granted women the right to vote.
Anti-Trust Acts
These acts, led by Theodore Roosevelt, focused on dissolving unfair business consolidations or monopolies.
Federal Reserve Act
This act, passed in 1913 by Wilson, established the central banking system through 12 central banks to serve as the "banker's banks" and manage the money supply.
National Park System
This system was established by Theodore Roosevelt under the Newlands Reclamation Act to preserve the natural scenery and wildlife for the American people. scenery and wildlife for the American people.
Seventeenth Amendment
This amendment was passed to fight corruption at the state level through the direct election of senators by the people.
Recall
This progressive era reform gave voters the ability to remove an elected official from office in a special election.
Eighteenth Amendment
This amendment was passed in 1919 to eliminate the consumption, manufacture and sale of alcohol.
Muckrakers
Name for those who exposed abuses of industry, corrupt government and unregulated business & demanded reform.
Initiative
This progressive era reform gives voters the right to introduce a bill in the state legislature.
Frances Willard
She founded the Women's Christian Temperance Union. This group was concerned about the destructive effects of alcohol. This group would be instrumental in pushing for the 18th amendment that prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcohol.
Ida B. Wells
During the Progressive Era, she became appalled by the lynching of three of her friends and she began an anti-lynching campaing. She would later go on to becme one of the founders of the NAACP and one of the first African American women to run for public office.
Pure Food and Drug Act
This act regulated the preparation of foods and the sale of medicines.
W.E.B. DuBois
This Progressive leader is credited with starting the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People).