31 terms

Gilded Age

Gilded Age vocab for 11th grade US History
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Andrew Carnegie
This man was the founder of the Carnegie Steel Company & promoted philanthropy among wealthy industrialists known as the Gospel of Wealth.
Gilded Age
Mark Twain coined this phrase to represent an era where things look good on the outside but are not really that good.
Transcontinental Railroad
This was completed in 1869 and connected the East to the West. It led to better communication, trade and closing the frontier.
Cattle
This industry supported the growth of railroads because of the increased demand for beef in the east.
Dawes Act
This act was part of the Americanization movement of Native American tribe. Each family was given 160 acres of reservation land.
Political Machines
These sought control of the cities by offering incentives in exchange for political support. (Ex: Tammany Hall, Boss Tweed)
Labor Unions
These are formed in response to poor working conditions and low wages. (Ex: Knights of Labor, American Federation of Labor)
Klondike
In 1896, a discovery near this river in Alaska caused a rush for gold that brought miners to the west.
Free Enterprise
This economic system allows people to expand their business as they choose and leads to the development of new industries.
Chinese Exclusion Act
This was the first (1882) to limit the immigration of a specific group. It also eased job competition by forcing the Chinese into railroad jobs.
Populism
This idea developed because of the issues of the farmers including lower crop prices, overcharging railroad costs and supporting bimetallism.
Rural
Americans move from this to the urban areas because of increased job opportunities in the cities.
Entrepreneurs
These individuals brought new innovations and capital to expand American industry.
Laissez Faire
This theory refers to a lack of government interference in American business through regulations.
Big Business
During the Gilded Age, the economy saw a rise in this, often seen as more efficient but also as unfair competition.
Gospel of Wealth
This was written by Andrew Carnegie, encouraging philanthropy among wealthy industrialists, to use their money to give back to society.
Urbanization
This is caused by the increase of immigrants and individuals locating to the cities & can lead to overcrowding, tenements, poor sanitation).
Immigrants
This group of people who came to America were opposed by Nativists and attributed to urbanization.
Civil Service
This type of reform required government jobs be granted on merit and example is the Pendleton Act.
Railroads
The growth of this industry allowed for increased movement of goods to markets, westward settlement and better communication.
Jane Addams
She is the founder of the Hull House, responsible for providing education to immigrants.
Interstate Commerce Act
This act was created to regulate shipping rates and other railroad abuses in the government's attempt to begin regulating big business.
Standard of Living
The new technological innovations in both transportation and communication saw an improvement in this for Americans.
Manifest Destiny
Westward expansion was driven by this belief that Americans were destined to settle across the continent.
Social Gospel
The religious revival that focused on the problems in urban areas, people could gain salvation by serving the poor.
Homestead Act
This act motivated more Americans to settle in the west by promising 160 acres in exchange for cultivating the land for 5 years.
Collective Bargaining
Negotiations between employees and employers regarding the conditions of employment. This can prevent strikes.
Industrialization
New inventions led to the growth of industry in the United States. This in turn led to a move to urban centers (cities) where individuals often found themselves living in crowded conditions.
Philanthropy
The practice of giving money to help make life better for others. This was practiced by Captains of Industry during the Progressive Era.
Urban
This term has to do with cities.
Americanization
This process was designed to make immigrants more "Americanized". It included learning to dress, speak, and act like other Americans. This was done through the schools.