32 terms

World Powers

World Power unit vocab for 11th grade US History
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John J. Pershing
He led the American Expeditionary Force (AEF), trained US troops in Europe and helped with the victory in the Battle of Argonne Forrest.
Submarine Warfare
After the sinking of the Lusitania, Germans promised to stop this unrestricted action. When they resumed it prompted U.S. entry into WWI.
Dollar Diplomacy
Taft's economic policy of encouraging investment by U.S. banks and businesses to maintain U.S. world power.
Neutrality
When the war broke out in 1914, the U.S. declared this policy until events push Americans to enter the war.
Fourteen Points
Woodrow Wilson's plan to reorganize Europe, establish self-determination and create the League of nations.
Missionaries
These people supported imperialism as an opportunity for evangelism in other countries, to spread Christianity to other countries.
Expansionism
Americans supported this policy to spread U.S. influence abroad through colonies that would provide raw materials, markets, and naval bases.
Sandford Dole
He forced the taking of Hawaii to increase profits and get rid of tariffs.
Isolationism
American foreign policy return to this after WWI, separating themselves from other countries' affairs.
Teddy Roosevelt
He initiated the Rough Riders during the Spanish American War, the construction of the Panama Canal and Big Stick Diplomacy.
Great Migration
This event was during WWI when hundreds of thousands of African Americans migrated to northern U.S. cities for job opportunities.
Trench Warfare
This new form of warfare developed during WWI separated troops by fields of barbed wire known as "no man's land."
Treaty of Versailles
This treaty ended WWI and took away all land holdings from Germany and forced them to accept blame for the war.
Spanish American War
Fought in 1898, the U.S. defeated the Spanish forces in the Philippines proving the strength of the U.S. military.
Philippines
This country along with Guam and Puerto Rico were acquired after the Spanish American War.
Henry Cabot Lodge
He strongly supported the idea of expansionism for moral reasons, major opponent to the League of Nations
Hawaii
This territory was annexed in 1898 by President McKinley after sugar farmers ousted Queen Liliuokalani.
Panama Canal
This was dug through jungle and mountains to create a passage from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
Open Door Policy
The economic policy of President McKinley and Secretary John Hay in China promoting equal trading for all nations.
Nationalism
The belief that each nationality is entitled to its own government and homeland and was one of the causes of WWI.
Alfred Thayer Mahan
He wrote Influence of Sea Power Upon History, arguing that to become a world power the U.S. needed a powerful navy.
Machine Guns
These new mechanized weapons used during WWI increased loss of life from previous wars.
Alvin York
He fought in the Battle of Argonne Forrest in WWI. He reportedly killed 25 Germans and captured 132 prisoners.
American Expeditionary Forces
This group of forces were under the command of General John J. Pershing during World War I. By the end of the war this group included over a quarter of a million Americans.
Battle of Argonne Forest
The largest battle in U.S. history involving over 1 million soldiers, they would be successful in breaking through the German defenses. It was part of the 100 days offensive that would lead to the end of World War I. The U.S. soldiers were led in battle by John J. Pershing.
Guam
In 1898, this was taken by the United States as a result of the Spanish American War.
Poison Gas
Used for the first time in World War I. Because of the horrific nature of the injuries, nations would come together to outlaw its use in future wars.
Puerto Rico
This became an American possession after the Spanish American War.
Schenck v United States
Charles Schenck was arrested for handing out leaflets urging individuals to resist the draft during WWI. He claimed freedom of speech. The Supreme Court ruled that freedom of speech can be limited if the speech creates a "clear and present danger" to others.
Tanks
These were first introduced in World War I.
WWI Causes
Nationalism, Economic Rivalries, Alliance Systems, and Militarism all were causes of WWI.
Airplanes
The first airplanes used in World War I were used primarily for seeing what was going on behind enemy lines.