42 terms

World War II

World War II unit vocab for 11th grade US History
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Office of War Information
This organization was created to encourage Americans to work for the war effort, photograph the war to use as propaganda to promote patriotism.
Benito Mussolini
He became the dictator of Italy, formed the Fascist Party and invaded Albania and Ethiopia.
Rationing
This policy regulated the amount of goods that a consumer could obtain during the war. Exercising this policy was to work against anger over shortages.
Adolf Hitler
He became the leader of Nazi Germany and led an attempted genocide known as the "Final Solution."
Rock and Roll
This was a new type of music that blended traditional blues and electronic instruments to become "American music." (Included Elvis Presley and Chuck Berry)
WAAC
The acronym for the women's organization that volunteered during the war. Many of them served as nurses, Radio operators, drivers, etc.
Japan
The military faction in this country invaded Manchuria, allied with Germany and Italy and led the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Internment
This is the term for detaining Germans, Italians and Japanese during WW2.
Bataan Death March
This was the 60 mile march of U.S. and Filipino POWs by the Japanese. They suffered starvation, disease, physical abuse and murder.
War Bonds
Americans were encouraged to buy these to help finance the war effort. They reduced the currency in circulation and curbed inflation.
Holocaust
This was the name for Hitler's mass extermination of people during WW2, totaling over 11 million. Many were kept in concentration camps.
Victory Gardens
These were also call "War Gardens," grown by Americans to help with the food supply during a period of rations.
Enlistment
The military saw an increase of this in the aftermath of Pearl Harbor. Over 5 million Americans volunteered for military service.
Normandy
The invasion at this location is also referred to as "D Day," June 6, 1944. This began the effort to liberate western Europe.
Pearl Harbor
Japanese forces attacked this military base on December 7, 1941. As a result of this attack, the U.S. officially entered the war.
Baby Boom
During this time over 30 million babies were born in the United States during the postwar era of prosperity.
Tuskegee Airmen
This was a group of African American fighter pilots in the US Army Air Corps. They escorted pilots on bombing missions.
Harry Truman
He was the President after Franklin D. Roosevelt at the end of WW2. He approved the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Midway
This battle is considered the turning point for the Pacific Theater. Americans broke the Japanese code and resulted in destroying 4 Japanese aircraft carriers.
Manhattan Project
This was the name for the development of the atomic bomb. The first successful test took place in New Mexico, 1945.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
This General commanded the Allied Expeditionary Forces in Europe. He is known for success during Operation Torch and D-Day.
Vernon Baker
This First Lieutenant was awarded the Medal of Honor by Bill Clinton for his efforts in WW2. He was in the all black 92nd Infantry.
Douglas Macarthur
This General commanded the U.S. forces in the Pacific Theater. He later was in charge of the U.S. occupation of Japan.
Nisei
Executive Order 9066 permitted the military to require Japanese Americans or ____________ to relocate to internment camps in the U.S.
Flying Tigers
These were the volunteer American flyers supplying the Chinese with war materials. They destroyed over 300 enemy planes and raised morale.
GI Bill
This law passed in 1944 to provide returning servicemen educational opportunities, low interest loans and unemployment insurance.
Navajo Code Talkers
These Native Americans devised a code for transmitting messages in their language on the frontlines of the Pacific Theater.
Island Hopping
This was the term for the military strategy for U.S. military advancement through the Pacific Islands through Japanese territory to the mainland.
Atomic weapons
These were developed during World War II as a result of the Manhattan Project. Two of these would be used on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Concentration Camps
During World War II, Adolf Hitler ordered the Jews to be contained in these. Many were killed in these camps.
Conventional weapons
These would include the weapons of war such as machine guns, tanks, and airplanes. It would not include atomic weapons.
European Theatre
The fighting in World War II that occurred in Europe. This consisted of the Allied forces of Great Britain, United States, Russia and France against primarily Germany.
Executive Order 9066
This was the order given by President Franklin D. Roosevelt that called for the internment of all Americans of Japanese ancestry.
Homefront
The efforts by many that were home in the U.S. to support the war effort. The home-front was called to support the war effort by supporting rationing, buying war bonds, and planting Victory gardens.
Korematsu v US
Fred Korematsu filed this case claiming that his rights as a U.S. citizen were denied by the internment of Japanese Americans. The court ruled that the relocation of these citizens was constitutional.
George Marshall
He served as FDR's chief consultant during World War II and would go on to become Secretary of State under President Truman. It was during this time that he proposed the Marshall Plan which was an economic plan to rebuild post war Europe and insure that the speed of communism was contained.
Chester A Nimitz
Born in Fredericksburg, Texas he would command the Pacific Fleet during World War II. In 1945, he represented the U.S. when the Japanese surrendered aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
Omar Bradley
He commanded the 1st US Army during the D-day invasion. It was under his command that Paris was liberated and the Germans were turned back at the Battle of the Bulge.
Pacific Theatre
The fighting in World War II in the Pacific. This consisted of island hopping as the United States fought against Japan.
Patriotism
Pride in one's country. During WWII many Americans showed this pride by displaying
George Patton
A commander in World War II, where he led the Third Army into battle following D-Day at the Battle of the Bulge. He ordered a 90 degree turnaround of forces to relieve American troops that were surrounded.
Volunteerism
During World War II, many on the home front were called upon to volunteer and assist the war effort. This included buying of war bonds, conserving raw materials, and planting Victory gardens.