49 terms

Modern America

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Bill Gates
He was a very successful entrepreneur in the Silicon Valley computer industry and founded Microsoft in the 80s.
Détente
Nixon's foreign policy meaning a relaxation of tensions and peaceful competition with the Soviet Union.
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Egypt and Israel (helped by Pres. Carter) to resolve long-term disputes.
Strategic Defense Initiative
This research program nicknamed Star Wars under Reagan that was designed to protect American from nuclear attacks from the Soviet Union.
Reagonomics
Reagan's supply-side economic program using tax cuts, reducing the government size and spending, and decreasing inflation.
Iran Contra Affair
Arms sales to Iran in exchange for the release of U.S. hostages. Arms were later sold to Nicaraguan Contras.
Phyllis Schlafly
An outspoken critic of the Equal Rights Amendment and Women's Liberation Movement. She believed it threatened the rights of wives and harmed family life.
Estee Lauder
She created the multi-million dollar cosmetic company with advertising campaigns using celebrities & free-gifts.
Marines
Reagan sent these to oversee the evacuation of the PLO forces in Lebanon. During the mission their barracks were bombed.
Moral Majority
This was a highly influential conservative group of evangelical Christians successful in pushing social issues into presidential politics. Founded by Jerry Falwell.
Environmental Protection Agency
Nixon created this federal agency to protect human health and the environment through rules and regulations.
Sandra Day O'Connor
In 1981 Reagan nominated her as the first woman Supreme Court Justice.
OPEC
(Acronym) This is the organization formed by oil-producing countires to control the supply and set prices. It was used as a political weapon when they imposed an oil embargo on the U.S. for siding with Israel in the 1973 war.
National Rifle Association
This group was the largest political lobbying organization that sought to secure 2nd amendment rights.
Watergate
This political crisis during Nixon's term involved a failed break-in of the Democratic headquarters and ended with Nixon's resignation.
Iranian Hostage Crisis
In 1979, militants held the US Embassy hostage for 444 days. Carter's greatest challenge and led to his defeat in 1980.
Sam Walton
He changed the discount store market with the creation of Wal-Mart.
Heritage Foundation
This was a political think tank during Reagan's presidency that sought to promote conservative policies.
Endangered Species
This act passed in 1973, Nixon designed this law to protect species nearing extinction due to human interaction.
War on Drugs
In the late 70s and 80s, this campaign fought the new levels of poverty, crime, & drug addiction in the inner cities.
Al Gore
He was Vice President for Clinton and lost the 2000 presidential election to George w. Bush in one of the closest elections in history.
American Recovery & Reinvestment Act
This 2009 Act increased the role of the federal government by increasing government spending to jump start the economy.
Balkans Crisis
After the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991 wars between former Soviet nations led to this humanitarian crisis and charges of ethnic cleansing.
Barack Obama
He was elected as the first African American president in the 2008 election.
Bill Clinton
This president was impeached by the House but acquitted by the Senate for perjury involving a political scandal.
Community Reinvestment Act of 1977
Pass by Congress to reduce discriminatory credit practices against low-income neighborhoods.
Contract with America
This was published by the Republican party, outlining their conservative policies towards taxes, spending and government size.
Election of 2000
This election ended up being decided by the U.S. Supreme Court following a problem with the counting of ballots in Florida. President George W. Bush ended up winning the electoral vote over Al Gore.
Energy crisis
In 1973, US support for Israel led to an oil embargo by OPEC countries. This caused high gasoline prices for Americans and in some areas, shortages at gas stations.
GATT
(Acronym) This organization was designed to reduce tariffs. It was later replaced by the World Trade Organization.
Barry Goldwater
A candidate for President in 1964, he lost to Lyndon B. Johnson by one of the biggest landslides in U.S. History. Many consider him to be the founder of the modern conservative movement within the Republican party.
Billy Graham
He has been a spiritual and moral adviser to many U.S. Presidents. As a prominent Christian leader, he spoke out against communism during the Cold War era. Most Presidents since Dwight Eisenhower have called upon Mr. Graham during times of crisis.
Hillary Clinton
The First Lady appointed to bring national attention to health care reform.
Hurricane Katrina
This hurricane led to the evacuation of 80% of New Orleans. It holds the record for the highest storm surge and costliest hurricane.
Iranian Hostage Crisis
In 1979, militants held the US Embassy hostage for 444 days. Carter's greatest challenge and led to his defeat in 1980.
Robert Johnson
The founder of Black Entertainment Television (BET). He was the first African American billionaire following the sale of his television network to Viacom.
Medicare
During Clinton's first term, he appointed his wife to chair a committee to focus on the future and reform of this health care program.
NAFTA
(Acronym) This agreement passed by Clinton created a common market between Mexico, Canada and the U.S. removing trade barriers and tariffs.
Richard M Nixon
President of the United States that was instrumental in improving relations with China. This followed the U.S. policy of not wanting to work with countries that were communist. He ushered in a period of "detente" which means a relaxation of tensions during the Cold War period. He later resigned following the Watergate Scandal.
Oprah Winfrey
She is one of the world's wealthiest women and entertainers. She greatly impacted President Obama's campaign with her endorsement.
Patriot Act
In response to 9/11, Congress passed this act to provide law enforcement agencies more resources to combat foreign and domestic terrorism by allowing them to search private records.
Peace through Strength
President Ronald Reagan's policy of building a strong peacetime military. The Soviet's attempt to keep up with the U.S. pushed their economy to the brink.
Persian Gulf War
The U.S. led the UN to remove Saddam Hussein from Kuwait to secure oil reserves in the Middle East during this conflict.
Ronald Reagan
As President of the United States from 1981-1989, he was instrumental in helping end the Cold War and for pushing for more conservative policies. He sought to return more control to the states and decrease the size of the federal government.
Sonia Sotomayer
She was the first Hispanic Supreme Court Justice.
Lionel Sosa
Born in San Antonio, Texas he is the founder of the largest Hispanic advertising agency in the United States. His successes in organizing campaigns for Hispanic candidates world lead him to serve as the Hispanic media consultant in six Republican campaigns. Most recently for George W. Bush in 2004.
United Nations
This international organization was created following World War II with the hope that it would prevent future world wars.
War on Terror
After the 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, the U.S. began this campaign to fight terrorism. This war led to the deaths of Saddam Hussein and Osama Bin Laden.
World Trade Center
This location was one of the targets hit during the 9/11 attack.