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Uses of Por and Para flashcards
Terms in this set (26)
Duration: length of time (how long something lasts) Every day we work for 8 hours.
Duration: periods of time during the 24-hour day (Indefinite time, in the morning, afternoon, evening) We have class at night.
Duration/Frequency: per (times per day, minutes per hour, percentage) He reads 3 books per week.
Substitution or Exchange: (on behalf of, in place of, for the sake of)
The vice president speaks on behalf of the president.
Substitution or Exchange: (Price, in exchange for, trade)
I paid 5 dollars for the pizza.
Substitution or Exchange: Express thanks and gratitude
Thank you for the flowers.
Motivation: Reason or Motive (Because of, due to)
He is not working today because of his being sick.
Motivation: Purpose of the errand (for) (with these verbs enviar, ir, luchar, regresar, preguntar)
We are going to the store for butter.
Movement: Motion, Indicates a temporary stop, layover, movement in an area in general, non-specific destination (along, through, by and around after a verb of motion)
We are going through Detroit on our trip to Paris.
Movement: Mode manner or means of travel/transportation
Martin goes to work on the bus.
Movement: Means of sending messages or information (by computer, by mail, by e-mail, by telephone)
I am sending him a gift by email.
The took me for a Spanaird.
Emotions: (estar + por) In the mood to, to feel like
I feel like leaving
Emotions: liking/disliking or an emotion for someone or something John has a lot of love for his wife.
Agent in a passive voice
Allende was killed by Pinochet.
Destination: real or figurative (where something is going, could go)
The soap is for the bathroom.
Destination: Recipient of an actiono , to whom something is going
I have the money for John.
Destination: Direction/final travel destination (end of the road, where you want to end up)
We leave for church at 9:00.
Destination: (+profession) Aim/objective
She is studying to be a doctor
Purpose: (+ infinitive) The use/purpose of an object
The pen is for writing.
Purpose: + infinitive (in order to)
We study in order to learn.
Deadline: Specific time limit or deadline in the future
The homework is for Monday.
Deadline: A limited specified timespan in the future
He has work for the summer.
Standard: Comparison to a certain standard (When something or someone goes outside the norm)
Paco is tall for his age.
Standard: An opinion or personal standard (in my opinion, for me)
In my opinion (For me), Spanish is beautiful.
An action is about to occur (with estar)
The train is about to leave.
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