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World History Chapter 4: Trade and China

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Know the locations of Mali, Swahili Coast (East Africa), India, Indian Ocean, China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam.
Mali is located in the present day Mali. The Swahili coast is located on the east coast of Africa. India is located in present day India. The Indian Ocean is located between the Swahili Coast and India. China is located in present day China. Japan is located in present day Japan. Vietnam is located in Present day Vietnam. Korea is located in present day Korea.
What 2 empires facilitated trade on the Silk Road during Classical-era? During post classical era?
Rome and Han China controlled the Silk Road during the classical era. During the post classical era Abbasid empire in the middle east, and Tang and Song dynasties controlled it.
In general what types of goods were traded along the Silk Road?
The types of goods traded along the Silk Road were high-end luxury goods.
Silk Road goods, name 2 goods/ideas/technologies exported from each of the following regions: China, Central Asia, India, Rome, Middle East.
China: silk, gunpowder Central Asia: horses, jade Middle East: gold coins, olive oil India: enslaved people, perfumes Rome: wines, Baltic amber
What was the religion spread along the Silk Road? How was it spread?
The religion spread was Buddhism. It was spread through the merchants in oases towns, which hosted travelers, built monasteries.
How did disease along the Silk Road affect civilizations?
Disease along the Silk Road affected civilizations by the demographic decline, which brought economic and social change.
How was the Indian Ocean trade different than Silk Road trade? What types of goods were traded on Indian Ocean routes?
Indian ocean trade was able to transport more, traded bulk goods including staple foods, later in time than Silk Road. Silk Road traded over land used camel caravans, only traded luxury goods. Good increased price when it changed hands, small quantities, camels couldn't carry much.
What was the religion spread along the Indian Ocean trade routes?
Islam was the religion spread along the Indian Ocean trade routes.
Indian Ocean goods, name 2 goods/ideas/technologies exported from each of the following regions: China, Southeast Asia, India, Arabia, East Africa.
China: porcelain, silk. Southeast Asia: tin, cloves. India: precious stones, spices. Arabia: frankincense, myrrh. East Africa: leopard skins, quartz.
What grassland kingdoms facilitated along the Sand Roads?
Mali was the grassland kingdom that facilitated trade along the Sand Roads.
What is significant about the Sui dynasty?
The Sui dynasty is significant because it unified China, foundation for Tang/Song dynasties, promoted scholar gentry, and grand canal- built to transport grain, largest man made waterway.
How does the Tang dynasty compare geographically to the Song?
Tang was geographically much bigger than Song.
Why is Tang dynasty referred to as a "golden age" for China.
Tang was referred to as the golden age because it was the largest, richest, most sophisticated state in the world at time. Political stability provided for cultural growth.
What is scholar gentry? Why are they significant? How was the number affected during the Tang and Song dynasties?
They were an elite class in China. Educated and landholders have government jobs. Increase scholar gentry during Tang dynasty, by time of Song dynasty, too many officials with nothing to do.
What is the philosophy associated with Tang dynasty and with the Song dynasty?
The philosphy associated with the Tang dynasty is Buddhism. The philosophy associated with the Song dynasty is Confucianism.
How does the the status of women compare in the Tang vs. Song dynasty? Why does their status change between the 2 dynasties?
Women in Tang had a much higher status than women than Song because philosophy during Tang is Buddhism. Song's philosophy was Confucianism. Confucianism decreases the status of women.
What led to the decline of the Song dynasty?
Leaders became lazy and lived in excess, which brought a lot of loss in territory.
State 2 advancements in China during the Tang/Song dynasty.
Flying money and government moved and distributed land to peasants in rural areas.
What was the political state of Korea? What cultural elements did they get from the Chinese?
Korea maintained political independence from China by paying tribute to China. Borrowed culture. Cultural elements- Buddhism, city planning, and dress like elite culture.
What was the political state of Vietnam? What cultural elements did they get from the Chinese?
Vietnam was politically taken over by the Chinese from 100- 1100 ce. Copied China's government and social organization. Status of women went down. Trung sisters led rebellion against the Chinese, lost. committed suicide.
What was the political state of Japan? What cultural elements did they get from the Chinese?
The political state of Japan was that it was independent, borrowed from China voluntarily. Adopted Buddhism from China.
What was the culture of the Heian Era in Japan?
Court-life focused on social issues including gossip, shallow things.
Who held the power during the era of warrior elites in Japan? Why are samurai important? What code did they live by?
Landholders held the power during the era of warrior elites in Japan. The samurai are soldiers that fight for the landholders. They lived by the Code of Bushido.
Griots
Oral historians, tradition keepers. advisers to the king
Ibn Battuta
Traveled to grassland kingdoms
Sundiata
Mali emperor, the lion prince, oral tradition, created a unified state, safe travel, crime- severe punishments, died 1260
Mansa Musa
Successor of Sundiata, pilgrimage to Mecca 1324- spent tons of gold, grasslands reputation- wealthy
Timbuktu
Important city of commerce, libraries, universities
Changan
Capital of Tang dynasty, world's largest city, 1 million, at the end of Silk road
Li Bo
Poet in Tang dynasty
Ministry of rites
Gives exams to students at government schools, ensure no one cheats on tests, success on exam= higher social status, highest office pass exam in philosophical and legal classics, Jinshi- pass hardest exams, Chinese literature- dignitaries
Empress Wu
Only female empress to rule alone, tried to make Buddhism state religion.
Footbinding
Men preferred small feet, mothers bound feet of young daughters (5 or 6) so they could get husbands, lotus petal or golden lily.
Rump state
Remnant of a much larger civilization
Beijing Qingming Scroll
Painted in Song dynasty, 12th century, China's Mona Lisa. Daily life of people, lifestyles rich to poor.
Tanka
Poetry during the Heian era in Japan
Seppuku
In Japan the act of samurai committing suicide in the face of defeat
Code of Bushido
Way of warrior- honor respect, loyalty, valor