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European Nationalism, WWI, and the Rise of Fascism vocab
Terms in this set (15)
Hostility toward or prejudice against Jews or Judaism.
A competition between two or more countries for military supremacy. Each party competes to produce superior numbers of weapons, larger armies, or superior military technology in a technological escalation.
balance of power
a condition of international politics where evenly matched military forces avoid conflict for fear of losing.
The region of southeastern Europe containing the nations of Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia, Montenegro, Kosovo, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, and the European part of Turkey
The Great Depression
a severe worldwide economic decline that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States. The timing of the economic collapse varied across the world. In most countries, it started in 1929 and lasted until World War II.
a political movement that believes in an extreme form of nationalism: denying individual rights, insisting on the supremacy of the state, and advocating dictatorial one-party rule
the intentional killing of an entire people
the deliberate, systematic murder of the European Jews by the Nazis
glorification of military power
loyalty and devotion to a country or ethnic group that places emphasis on promoting the interests, cultural and social values, or religion of one group above all others. The desire by a colonized people to be free of the foreign power that dominates them.
fascism + totalitarianism + hatred of Jews + German nationalism + swastikas
A political philosophy or politician's style that holds that the common person is oppressed by the "elite" in society. Leaders who support this idea tend to promise something to everyone in society without clearly explaining how promises will be kept.
a political system in which the government has control over every aspect of the lives of individual citizens
war of attrition
a type of military conflict characterized by both sides trying to wear down the other; neither side makes quick strikes or sudden advances, but rather each focuses on slowly grinding up the other side's forces
a gas used to murder Jews in Nazi concentration camps
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