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131 terms

Orchestra Vocab

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pizzicato
to pluck the instrument's strings
arco
to use the bow
solo
a piece performed by one person; one person playing a piece of music
ensemble
a piece performed bye a group; a group of two or more
crescendo
to increase in volume
decrescendo
to decrease in volume
scale
a series of ascending and descending notes that start and end on the same note
half step
smallest interval between two tones
whole step
two half steps
slur
curved line connecting different notes of pitch
dynamics
how loud or soft a piece of music is
piano
soft
forte
loud
mezzo
medium
allegro
brisk or rapid in tempo
andante
moderately slow and even
ritardando
becoming gradually slow
tempo
how fast a piece of music is
ledger lines
short lines added when necessary to extend the staff
tie
curved line connecting same notes
simile
same style
cantabile
song like, flowing in style
dolce
sweet
rallentando
becoming slower
fermata
holding rest or note until director indicated
adagio
slow tempo
fine
the end of a repeated section
divisi
divided; separated parts
accidental
sharps flats or natural signs not in key
luftpaus
lift and pause
con
with
senza
without
sordino
mute
da capo
from the beginning
dal segnore
from the sign to the end
coda
tag
moderato
moderate tempo
al fine
through the end
syncopation
stressing off beats
andantino
slightly faster or slower than andante
molto
much
piu
more
a tempo
resuming speed obtained preceding ritardando or accellarando
accelerando
gradually increasing in speed
GP (grand puase)
everyone to remain silent
poco
little
sul
on; near
trill
fastest alternation between two notes
enharmonic
having the same pitch in the tempered scale but within in different notation
volta
turn
ponticello
bridge
tasto
playing on finger board
maestoso
with majesty; stately
agitato
agitated restless hurried
espressivo
expressive
subito
suddenly
presto
at a rapid tempo as directed
tranquillo
calm
tonic
he first degree of the scale
dominant
fifth degree of a diatonic scale
duet
a piece of music for two; a group of two
tutti
everybody plays
niente
nothing
allargando
stretched passage
tenuto
stretch note or stress
sempre
always
morendo
dying away
largo
very slow
pesante
heavy peasant
cadenza
brilliant solo passage
glissando
slide
interval
distance between notes
major scale
scale with a wwhwwwh pattern
meno
less
mosso/moto
motion
turn
embellishment turn around a note
grace note
embellishment occured before or after a note
leading tone
seventh scale degree
non troppo
not too much
conbrio
with great energy; vigorous
confuoco
with fire; fiery manner
attaca
to go on
prima
first
leggiero
lightly; delicately
grazioso
gracefully
assai
very
stringendo
push forward
sforzando
second degree accent
scherzando
playfully
adagietto
slower or faster than adagio
mediant
third tone in a diatonic scale
submediant
sixth tone of a diatonic scale
hemiola
3 against 2
natural minor scale
whwwhww
harmonic minor scale
whwwh(w +h)h
melodic minor scale
raised sixth and seventh tone and natural going down
gusto
rigorous enjoyment
con calore
warmly; with warmth
giocoso
boisterous
semplice
simply
grave
slowest
alla
in the style of
block rhythm
everybody has the same rhythm
l'istesso
same
ossia
alternate floating measures
concerto
multimovement piece for solo instruments with an orchestra accompanist
sonata
multimovement piece of solo instrument sometimes piano accompanist of same difficulty level
stringendo
push forward
portamento
smooth glide passing from one tone to another
vivace
fastest
anacrusis
pick up note
mordent
single alternation of the secondary tone that may ascend or descend and comes after the primary tone
binary
musical form in two sections
ternary
having three parts
appassionato
play with passion
affetuoso
with affection; tenderness
a piacere
at pleasure
calmato
tranquility
comodo
comfortable tempo
multimeter
multiple meters
staccato
short, crisp bow stroke
legato
long, smooth bow strokes
slurred
no separation between tones
tremelo
to tremble; shake the bow
martele
separated with medium space
detache
detached bowing
marcato
hammered; marked
spiccato
bouncing bow stroke at balance point
loure
pulsed bowing
grand martele
long bows sound short
hooked
hooked notes to the first tone