Terms in this set (150)

cast by electors, with each state receiving one vote for each of its members in the House of Rep. and one vote for each of its members in the Senate
each state selects the rules that determine which candidate(s) will receive the electoral votes
if candidate wins more electoral votes - then total quantity of individual votes received nationwide is irrelevant
smallest states have advantage b/c:
every state has 2 senators - so influence is not proportional to pop. (numerical advantage)
guaranteed that each state will each get at least one House member
large state have tried to compensate for their disadvantage by assigning all of their electors to the candidate receiving the most votes = winner take all voting
used in all states except Maine and Nebraska
explains why candidates often win big Electoral College majorities despite modest advantages in the popular vote
ex: Obama in 2008 - won 53% of pop. vote but 68% of electoral vote
b/c large states have so many electoral votes to distribute - most attractive targets for campaign activity
b/c large states tend to be diverse - usually competitive electoral arenas - draws candidate attention
small state advantage helped Bush win in 2000 b/c many Bush states were small ones
breaking up votes by state requires that a candidate have a broad appeal
winning state overwhelmingly not as useful as winning lots of differents states
electoral college may reduce importance of money - allows candidates to focus resources on undecided states
electoral college may reduce corruption
replacing electoral college with popular vote system - equalize political influence -would change very few elections
bills that are not controversial (trivial or narrow impact) can be called up at specified times and passed unanimously with little debate
more important bills considered under a fast-track procedure = suspension of the rules (fast-track procedure for considering bills and resolutions in the House; debate is limited to 40 min, no amendments are in order, ⅔ majority is required for passage)
5. Legislation that is especially important and controversial goes to the Rules Committee before going to the floor
holds hearings on the type of rule it should grant
only members of Congress may testify in these hearings
rule: specifies the terms and conditions of debate, specifies the time that the supporters and opponents will be allowed to speak, may regulate the introduction of amendments
Closed rule: prohibits amendments
Restrictive Rule: specifying amendments that are in order
¾ of all bills coming from the Rules Committee have been granted restrictive rules
6. Floor chooses to accept or reject the rule & debate proposal and vote on amendments & decides whether to adopt the bill
most rules pass
7. Full House + Senate Debates and Votes on Passage
extremely unlikely that the House and Senate will pass exactly the same bill
8. Conference Committee: each chamber appoints some of its members to participate in a conference committee that tries to reconcile the 2 versions of a bill
Ideally, each chamber's conferees are committed to their chamber's version of the legislation and will negotiate a compromise as close as possible to their chamber's desired solution
not likely b/c conferences for some complex bills involve 100s of members who support some parts, oppose other parts, and care little about still other parts - situation ideal for bargaining
9. House and Senate Approval = When a majority of each chamber's conferees agree to the final draft, the compromise bill is reported back to the parent chambers, where another floor vote in each chamber is required for passage
Not all legislation moves through the process in exactly this manner
House leadership may intervene, occasionally bypassing committees altogether, but more often negotiating compromises outside of committee and directing committees to shape legislation in particular ways
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