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Security+ Domain 3.0 Implementation
Get Quizlet's official Security+ - 1 term, 1 practice question, 1 full practice test
Terms in this set (63)
Engineers are considering network options that will maintain data transfers between systems within the same cloud-based data center. They also look to configure security on these systems. Which of the following would ensure this type of implementation? (Select all that apply.)
Set up efficient east-west traffic.
Set up zero trust.
A security engineer must install an X.509 certificate to a computer system, but it is not accepted. The system requires a Base64 encoded format. What must the security engineer execute to properly install this certificate?
Convert to a .pem file.
During the functional testing phase of application development, an application tests for vulnerabilities against the running code. What type of code testing is this?
A company set up controls to allow only a specific set of software and tools to install on workstations. A user navigates to a software library to make a selection. What type of method prevents installation of software that is not a part of a library?
An organization moves its data to the cloud. Engineers utilize regional replication to protect data. Review the descriptions and conclude which ones apply to this configuration. (Select all that apply.)
- A solution that is known as zone-redundant storage.
- Access is available if a single data center is destroyed.
A cloud administrator connects two separate cloud server instances on Amazon Web Services (AWS). How does the administrator configure the instances with private IP addresses without using an Internet gateway?
Configure VPC endpoint interface.
What are the benefits of using Wi-Fi heat maps for wireless networks? (Select all that apply.)
Survey a site for signal strength
Determine where to place access points
A network administrator is importing a list of certificates from an online source, so that employees can use a chain of trust and communicate securely with public websites. Which type of certificate is the network administrator currently importing?
There are several ways to check on the status of an online certificate, but some introduce privacy concerns. Consider how each of the following is structured, and select the option with the best ability to hide the identity of the certificate status requestor.
Systems administrators want to set up a way for remote administration from home. Rather than installing a software agent, the solution should use an underlying technology that is available to an application, such as a web browser. Which option would best support these requirements?
In a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI), which option best describes how users and multiple Certificate Authorities (CA) interact with each other in a large environment?
A company is looking into integrating on-premise services and cloud services with a cloud service provider (CSP) using an Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) plan. As a cloud architect works on architectural design, which of the following statements would NOT apply in this case?
The provider is responsible for the availability of the software.
A support technician reviews a computer's boot integrity capabilities and discovers that the system supports a measured boot process. Which statement accurately describes this process?
Measured boot will record the presence of unsigned kernel-level code.
A network engineer is plugging in new patch cables and wants to prevent inadvertent disruptions to the network while doing so. What will the engineer prevent if Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is configured on the switches?
An independent penetration testing company is invited to test a company's legacy banking application developed for Android phones. It uses Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security (SSL/TLS) certificates. Penetrations tests reveal the connections with clients were vulnerable to a Man-in-the-Middle (MITM) attack. How does the company prevent this from happening in the public Internet?
Use certificate pinning
If managed improperly, which of the following would be most detrimental to access management of cloud-based storage resources?
A company is renovating a new office space and is updating all Cisco routers. The up-to-date Internetwork Operating System (IOS) will provide the best protection from zero-day exploits. What other options could a network administrator configure for route security? (Select all that apply.)
Block source routed packets
A company with multiple types of archived encrypted data is looking to archive the keys needed to decrypt the data. However, the company wants to separate the two in order to heavily guard these keys. Analyze the scenario to determine the most likely key placement.
Which of the following makes it possible for cloud service providers (CSP) to create a virtual instance and container simultaneously?
Dynamic resource allocation
An administrator deploys a basic network intrusion detection (NID) device to identify common patterns of attacks. What detection method does this device use?
A large firm requires better control over mobile users' access to business applications in the cloud. This will require single-sign on and support for different device types. What solution should the company consider using?
A cloud customer prefers separating storage resources that hold different sets of data in virtual private clouds (VPCs). One of those data sets must comply with Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) guidelines for patient data. How should the customer configure these VPCs to ensure the highest degree of network security?
Split segments between VPCs
A new cloud service provider (CSP) leases resources to multiple organizations (or customers) around the world. Each customer is independent and does not share the same cloud storage resource. The customers use an on-demand payment plan. Which cloud model is the CSP most likely providing to its customers?
An organization uses a Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) endpoint for establishing communications with remote branch offices. Which of the following protocols will provide encryption for streaming data during the call?
Implementing Lightweight Directory Access Protocol Secure (LDAPS) on a web server secures direct queries to which of the following?
Select the vulnerabilities that can influence routing. (Select all that apply.)
The IT team has purchased a few devices that are compatible with the Trusted Computing Group Security Subsystem Class called Opal. Which of these device specifications will take advantage of Opal's security features?
Employees have the ability to download certain applications onto their workstations to complete work functions. The CIO installed a reliable method to ensure that no modifications to the application have occurred. What method of validation did the CIO implement?
Cloud service providers make services available around the world through a variety of methods. The concept of a zone assumes what type of service level? (Select all that apply.)
A laptop arrives at the company technology lab with a private key embedded, providing full disk encryption. When matched with a public key, what does this system provide?
Hardware root of trust
An authoritative server for a zone creates a Resource Records Set (RRSet) signed with a zone signing key. From the following Domain Name System (DNS) traits and functions, what does this scenario demonstrate?
DNS Security Extensions
A network administrator set up a basic packet filtering firewall using an open-source application running on a Linux virtual machine. The immediate benefit to this deployment is the quick configuration of basic firewall rules. Which of the following reasons may have also influenced the administrator's decision to deploy a stateless, rather than a stateful, firewall? (Select all that apply.)
Block TCP ports
Allow network protocols
Which of the following will reduce the risk of data exposure between containers on a cloud platform? (Select all that apply.)
Determine a solution that can combine with a cloud access security broker (CASB) to provide a wholly cloud-hosted platform for client access?
Next-generation secure web gateway
Which of the following would secure an endpoint and provide attestation signed by a trusted platform module (TPM)?
A company has a two-level certificate authority (CA) hierarchy. One of the CA servers is offline, while the others are online. Which statements are TRUE of online and offline CAs? (Select all that apply.)
An online root is required to add an intermediate CA.
An online CA is needed in order to publish a CRL.
Which of the following is used to review application code for signatures of known issues before it is packaged as an executable?
Static code analysis
Evaluate and select the differences between WPA and WPA2. (Select all that apply.)
WPA2, and not WPA, supports an encryption algorithm based on the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) instead of the version of RC4 "patched" with the Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP).
WPA2, and not WPA, uses the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) cipher with 128-bit keys.
An administrator navigates to the Windows Firewall with Advanced Security. The inbound rules show a custom rule, which assigned the action, "Allow the connection" to all programs, all protocols, and all ports with a scope of 192.168.0.0/24. This is an example of what type of security setting?
Management has set up a feed or subscription service to inform users on regular updates to the network and its various systems and services. The feed is only accessible from the internal network. What else can systems administrators do to limit the service to internal access?
Provision SSO access.
The administrator in an exchange server needs to send digitally signed and encrypted messages. What should the administrator use?
A company recently implemented a Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security (SSL/TLS) version that supports Secure Hashing Algorithm-256 (SHA-256) cipher. Which SSL/TLS version was deployed?
What is a jump server commonly used for?
Provide secure access to DMZ servers.
Which wireless configuration provides the most up-to-date and secure way of connecting wireless devices to an office or home network? (Select all that apply.)
A company would like to deploy a software service to monitor traffic and enforce security policies in their cloud environment. What tool should the company consider using?
A company has two web servers using a load-balance configuration. Users report having periodic trust errors connecting to the website. Both servers are using server-only certificates. Which of the following actions would most likely resolve the issue?
Use correct certificate path.
Which certificate format allows the transfer of private keys and is password protected?
A web administrator notices a few security vulnerabilities that need to be addressed on the company Intranet site. The portal must force a secure browsing connection, mitigate script injection, and prevent caching on shared client devices. Determine the secure options to set on the web server's response headers. (Select all that apply.)
HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS)
Content Security Policy (CSP)
When implementing a native-cloud firewall, which layer of the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model will require the most processing capacity to filter traffic based on content?
Following a secure deployment methodology for custom applications, early code testing would run in which type of environment?
Users are reporting jittery video communication during routine video conferences. What can a system administrator implement to improve video quality and overall use of the network bandwidth?
Use 802.1p header.
The system administrator is installing a web server certificate and receives an error indicating the server does not accept wild card certificates. After examining the certificate, the system admin notices the problem. Determine the specific location where the admin found the problem.
In the Subject Alternative Name (SAN)
A cloud service provider (CSP) dashboard provides a view of all applicable logs for cloud resources and services. When examining the application programming interface (API) logs, the cloud engineer sees some odd metrics. Which of the following are examples that the engineer would have concerns for? (Select all that apply.)
Spike in API calls
78% average error rate
Consider the principles of web server hardening and determine which actions a system administrator should take when deploying a new web server in a demilitarized zone (DMZ). (Select all that apply.)
Establish a guest zone
Upload files using SSH
Use configuration templates
What can a system administrator configure on two load balanced servers to achieve a round robin configuration?
A Transport Layer Security (TLS) Virtual Private Network (VPN) requires a remote access server listening on port 443 to encrypt traffic with a client machine. An IPSec (Internet Protocol Security) VPN can deliver traffic in two modes. One mode encrypts only the payload of the IP packet. The other mode encrypts the whole IP packet (header and payload). These two modes describe which of the following? (Select all that apply.)
A developer writes code for a new application, and wants to ensure protective countermeasures against the execution of SQL injection attacks. What secure coding technique will provide this?
A small organization operates several virtual servers in a single host environment. The physical network utilizes a physical firewall with NIDS for security. What would be the benefits of installing a Host Intrusion Prevention System (HIPS) at the end points? (Select all that apply.)
Prevent malicious traffic between VMs
Protection from zero day attacks
A company hosts internal web servers between two firewalls: one firewall at the edge network and another near the internal gateways. A recent security audit advised the company to utilize filtering rules for connections between remote clients and these internal web servers. Which of the following will satisfy the security advice?
A web server will utilize a directory protocol to enable users to authenticate with domain credentials. A certificate will be issued to the server to set up a secure tunnel. Which protocol is ideal for this situation?
A public key infrastructure (PKI) is being set up for a logistics company, utilizing OpenSSL. Which of the following commands can the team use, when setting up the PKI, to create an encrypted RSA key pair?
openssl genrsa -aes256 -out server.key 1024
Which aspect of certificate and key management should an administrator consider when trying to mitigate or prevent the loss of private keys?
Which of the following protocols would secure file transfer services for an internal network?
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