Primary sector, Secondary sector and Tertiary sector or Services sector.
3 Sectors = 3 type of products
Primary sector: raw materials Secondary sector: manufactured products Tertiary sector: different services
We extract "raw materials" from nature. Agriculture, farming, fishing, mining and forestry are Primary Sector Activities.
Agriculture: Crops and Livestock
Agriculture is the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock
There are two types: Dry farming & Irrigated farming
Farmers don't water their crops. Water when it rains is enough Ex: grapes, wheat and olives.
Farmers use "irrigation systems" to water their crops. Ex: Tomatoes, beans, melons, cherries, lettuce...
is the raising of animals, sometimes for food products (meat, milk, eggs) and sometimes for non-food products (wool, leather)
Livestock farming: two types:
- Extensive farming: in large fields, open pastures... animals eat what grows in the nature. Ex: Iberian pigs - Intensive farming: in stables or pens. Farmers give the animals food. Ex: milk cows in stables.
2 types of fishing: - Coastal fishing: with small boats near the coast. Daily work. - Deep-sea fishing: far from the coast; on large ships with refrigeration systems; and fishermen work for weeks.
To obtain wood, cork, cellulose and resin. Cork is obtain from the bark of cork oak trees.
We obtain minerals
We make new products (manufactured products) from raw materials.
Secondary sector... Where???
Manufactured products are made in "factories" and "workshops"
We make food products. These products come from crop farming or livestock farming.
We make objects like machines and cars.
We make medicines and fertilisers.
We make clothes.
We get energy from coal and oil. We build wind farms.
We provide services in this sector. For example, transportation, shops, supermarkets, doctors, teachers...
We buy and sell them in shops, supermarket or on the internet.
They are the people who buy products.
They are the people who sell things to costumers.
It often persuades us to buy things.
These are large or small businesses like shops, supermarkets and shopping centres.
Shops sell directly to consumer.
Shops only sell to other shops.
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