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Kin 308: Strength Sports
Terms in this set (25)
The name powerlifting is some what of a misnomer because
power output during the lifts in competition is actually very low compared to Olympic Weightlifting
Powerlifting training methods
most programs use very heavy weights and low numbers of repetitions, especially in the 3 competition exercises
Requires a high degree of size, strength, and strength endurance
Strongman training is appealing because
of the use of odd implements that mimic the uncertain circumstances encountered in sports and everyday activities
has a pure aesthetic component and doesn't involve an athletic skill or actually lifting weights
T or F? In bodybuilding placement is based on the amount of muscle hypertrophy, the amount of body fat, and the symmetry of muscular development
Bodybuilders train differently than the other strength sports emphasizing
higher reps, less rest between sets, usually less frequent training, and much more emphasis on isolation movements.
The snatch and clean and jerk with the sum of the two lifts being the total, which determines placing.
In olympic weightlifting physical qualities emphasized:
technique(skill),strength, speed (power), and flexibility. Therefore, it is appealing to many athletes
T or F? Several studies have shown that Olympic lifters are the strongest athletes and have the highest vertical jumps and power outputs during various tests.
11% average vertical jump increase
adjustment of an organism to its environment
exercise overload must be applied to stimulate increases in performance
T or F? As performance increases over a period of time and adaptation takes place, the absolute amount of training increases disproportionally to the gains that can be realized
Progressive overload: training loads can be roughly classified as
stimulating, retaining, and detraining
response of a biological entity to a constant stimulus decreases over time
Avoiding accommodation, training programs can be modified in
1. Quantitative - changing the loading parameters (volume, intensity, sets, reps, rest periods etc).
- 2. Qualitative - changing the exercises employed.
Specificity should not be confused with simulation great care should be taken when practicing the EXACT sporting movement with added resistance. Most of the time this is a bad idea and can negatively influence technique.
simulating a sporting movement with small added loads changes factors such as
the center of gravity, the moments of inertia, the center of rotation, the center of pressure, the segmental mass, and the mechanical stiffness of the system. This leads to faulty muscle recruitment patterns and timing and can interfere with sport technique
Specificity of Contraction Type
Gains were greatest in the contraction type that was trained
Specificity of Movement Velocity
Gains in power output corresponded to the regions close to the training load.
Isometric contractions have been shown to increase strength only in regions of
10-15% of the trained joint angle
Gain in non-trained exercise/gain in trained exercise
The One-Factor Theory
immediate training effect of a workout that depletes a biochemical substance. After a restoration period the substance is supercompensated and preparedness/performance should be improved.
T or F The One-Factor Theory only applies to beginners in the first 1-3 months of training.
two-factor theory (fitness-fatigue theory)
more sophisticated and currently accepted as the best available simple training model.
immediate training effect after a workout is a combination of the gains in fitness prompted by the workout and the fatigue prompted by the workout
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