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Pharm and Gen Med
Terms in this set (75)
What is the definition of Pharmacokinetics?
the method by which drugs are absorbed, distributed, metabolized, and eliminated or excreted by the body
What is the definition of Pharmacodynamics?
the actions or the effects of a drug on the body
What are the two forms of drug administration?
Internal and external
What form of drug administration is a topical ointment?
What form of drug administration is inhalation?
Define drug half life.
The rate at which a drug disappears from the body (through metabolism and/or excretion)
Pharmacological record keeping within the ATR should include what?
1) name of athlete; 2) complaint or symptoms; 3) current medications; 4) any known drug allergies; 5) name of medication given; 6) lot number if available; 7) expiration date; 8) quantity of medication given; 9) method of administration; 10) date and time of administration
What do anticoagulants do?
Prevent the coagulation or clotting of blood
What is the purpose of a diuretic?
Increase excretion of urine
What is the purpose antitussives?
inhibit or prevent coughing
What is the difference between antiseptics and disinfectants?
Antiseptics can be placed on living tissue, disinfectants can only be placed on nonliving objects
What type of medication is penicillin?
What type of medication would you use to treat athlete's foot?
For what condition would albuterol be used to treat?
What kind of medication is lidocaine?
What type of medication is codeine?
True or false: aspirin is a narcotic analgesic medication
1. True or false: NSAIDS do NOT have fever reducing qualities
What are corticosteroids primarily used for?
What is the function of antacids?
neutralize acidity in upper gastrointestinal tract by raising pH and inhibiting digestive enzyme pepsin
What is another name for laxatives?
What are the three types of medications used to control bleeding?
Vasoconstrictors, hemostatic agents and anticoagulants
What are the two main categories of stimulants?
psychomotor-stimulant drugs and adrenergic drugs
What are beta blockers primarily used for?
hypertension and heart disease
What are anabolic steroids?
synthetically created chemical compounds whose structure closely resembles naturally occurring testosterone
True or false: the NCAA drug testing policy is voluntary for athletes.
True or false: diuretics are banned substances within the NCAA but not the USOC.
What is cellulitis?
infectious inflammation of deep skin structures
What are café au lait spots?
areas of increased melanin; appear pale brown (common in infancy, often disappear with age)
How are blisters formed?
shearing forces produce a raised area that contains a collection of fluid below/within epidermis
What is hyperhidrosis?
How do you prevent ingrown toenails?
Wearing properly fitted shoes and socks, straight-across toenail trimming
What is an abrasion?
top layer of skin is worn away, exposing capillaries; wound is likely to be infected if not cleaned properly due to dirt and other materials being rubbed into the wound
True or false: punctures occur when sharp/pointed objects tear the tissues.
What type of wound is most susceptible to tetanus being introduced into the blood stream?
What population is primarily affected by impetigo contagiosa?
What is folliculitis?
inflammatory condition of the hair follicle
What is ringworm of the body called?
What is tinea pedis?
What are the signs/symptoms of psoriasis?
lesions begin as reddish papules that collectively form plaques with distinctive borders; lesions may progress to a yellowish-white, scaly appearance; most likely to occur on elbows, knees, scalp, genitalia, and trunk (particularly around umbilicus)
What skin condition is caused by mite Sarcoptes scabieiwhich produces extreme nocturnal itching; the mite burrows a tunnel into the skin to deposit its eggs?
Rocky mountain spotted fever or Lyme disease can be caused by what?
What is an antigen?
What type of immunity is acquired as a result of natural infection or invasion of antigens?
True or false: passive immunity is achieved through inoculation.
What is infectious mononucleosis?
It is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV); incubation is 4-6 weeks; EBV is carried in the throat and transmitted to another person through saliva
What is a concern for athletes who participate is high contact sports who have had mononucleosis?
True or false: Rubella and Rubeola are two highly contagious childhood viral diseases.
Chicken pox is caused by what?
What condition presents with tonsils appearing inflamed, red, and swollen with a yellowish exudate in the pits; difficulty swallowing and possibly high fever with chills?
What are the signs and symptoms of bacterial pneumonia?
rapid onset, high fever with chills, pain on inspiration, decreased breath sounds and rhonchi on auscultation, coughing up of purulent, yellowish colored sputum
What respiratory condition can be stimulated by exercise, or may be provoked only on rare occasions during moderate exercise?
Exercise induced asthma
What are the four manifestations of cystic fibrosis?
1) a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; 2) pancreatic deficiency; 3) urogenital dysfunction; 4) increased electrolytes in sweat
What disorder is defined as inflammation of the meninges that surround the spinal cord and brain (usually due to meningococcus bacteria - enter through the nose of throat)?
What is multiple sclerosis?
autoimmune inflammatory disease of the CNS that causes deterioration and permanent damage to the myelin sheath that surrounds a nerve cell axon
What is Lou Gehrig's disease?
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
What is Sickle-Cell Anemia?
chronic hereditary hemolytic disease; most common in African-Americans, Native Americans, and Mediterranean populations; red cells are sickle-shaped, in which an abnormal type of hemoglobin exists
What hereditary disease is characterized by a deficiency in a clotting factor in the blood, prolonged coagulation time, failure of the blood to clot, and abnormal bleeding (predominantly a male disease)?
True or false: diabetics should avoid eating before exercise.
True or false: type I diabetes most commonly presents itself in late adulthood.
What condition occurs when the body has too much insulin and too little blood sugar?
True or false: administering insulin is important when treating an athlete who is hypoglycemic.
What value is considered normal blood pressure?
True or false: a benign tumor poses a small threat to tissue and tend to remain confined in a limited space.
What type of tumors grow out of control and spread within a specific tissue; may spread via blood and lymph systems (metastasize) to the entire body?
What is the most common STI?
What are the signs and symptoms of gonorrhea?
males - incubation period of 2-10 days, tingling sensation in urethra, greenish-yellow discharge of pus and painful urination. Females - 60% are asymptomatic, onset is 7-21 days, vaginal discharge
What three components make up the Female Athlete Triad?
disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis
What is swimmers ear called?
What condition is described as having an accumulation of fluid in the middle ear caused by local and systemic inflammation and infection?
What is hyperthyroidism?
overproduction of thyroxine and results in impaired glucose metabolism, increased metabolism, rapid fatigue during exercise, weight loss, hyperthermia during exercise
What is the collection of blood in the anterior chamber of the eye?
What type of medication would a person with HIV take?
How is hepatitis B spread?
direct contact to blood, urine, feces, saliva, mucous, tears, vomit, semen, vaginal secretions.
What area would you palpate when you suspect a possible appendicitis?
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