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The Revolutionary War and The Declaration of Independence
Terms in this set (21)
Who is Thomas Jefferson?
Main author of the Declaration of Independence
What is the Declaration of Independence?
It is a document that declared independence from Britain and the formation of a new country, the USA.
What does certain unalienable rights mean, and what are the three examples?
Rights that cannot be taken away and the examples in the Declaration of Independence are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
Where should a government get its power from?
People have a _____ and a ________ to change a government that _____ ______ their rights, instead of protecting them.
right, duty, takes away
What did Benjamin Franklin help write, and do to help the Americans win the war?
He helped write the Declaration of Independence, and he gained the support of the French
Who is Phillis Wheatley
An enslaved African American woman who wrote a poem about George Washington, called His Excellency George Washington.
(Term) Who is Paul Revere?
(Definition) He was Patriot, he warned John and Samuel Adams about the British regulars.(He also was a silversmith, but that is just a bonus thing, probably won't be on the test).
(Term) What happened in the Battle of Lexington and Concord?
(Definition) This battle was what signaled the war, the battle started after hearing the Americans fire the "shot heard 'round the world',"
(Term) What is a Patriot?
(Definition) They thought that the colonists should have the right to rule none other than themselves. They supported the Continental Army, and fought until they got American independence.
(Term) What is a Loyalist?
(Definition) They supported the British. They didn't believe that laws and unfair taxes rationalized a rebellion. A couple of them were officeholders who felt the need to defend British rule. Another bunch of people hadn't sustained British policies, and thought there was no logic to break with Britain. Some of them supported the British because they didn't want to be on the losing side.
(Term) What happened in the Battle of Bunker Hill?
(Definition) This battle(fought in Boston), was a British victory, only by the slightest. Though the British overcame the Americans, over 1000 of their men died or got seriously injured during the battle(plus the only reason the Americans had to surrender was because they ran out of gunpowder).
(Term) Who was George Washington?
(Definition) He was a Patriot, and he led the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War.
(Term) Who was Thomas Paine?
(Definition) He was a philosopher and writer of multiple famous pamphlets/books. He is mainly famous for his pamphlet known as Common Sense(talks about how they should break free from Great Britain and all that stuff), which he published on January 10th, 1776.
15. Describe the Battle of Trenton:
George Washington had been defeated earlier, but the British left behind some Hessian troops in Trenton and Princeton, so he decided to cross the icy Delaware River and do a few surprise attacks on those troops to finish them off. .
16. Who was Marquis de Lafayette?:
A French Aristocrat who is important because he helped George Washington and the Continental Army in the war against Great Britain with his wealth and military service.
17. Describe the Battle of Saratoga:
This battle is known to have 'changed the course of the war'. General Howe was in Philadelphia because of the cold, St. Leger was stuck because the patriots attacked him and his troops at Fort Stanwix, and then General Burgoyne was attacked at Bennington and forced to retreat to Saratoga, where he was defeated.
18. Fill in the blanks: Colonial advantages: motivation (defense of their own land, property, principles, and beliefs); additional support from ___________; strong leadership; knowledge of the _________.
19. Who was Lord Cornwallis?:
He was a British General in the Revolutionary War, he and his forces surrendered to the Continental Army in Yorktown.
20. What was the Battle of Yorktown?:
The last battle in The Revolutionary War, it took place in Yorktown, Virginia. The Patriots and some French soldiers surrounded and defeated the British Army on a peninsula.
21. What was the Treaty of Paris (1783)?:
A treaty signed in Paris, France, by American and British representatives declaring the end of the revolutionary war, and that Great Britain recognizes that the 13 colonies are now states and a separate country from Great Britain.
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