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57 terms

Blood

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What percentage of blood is Plasma?
55%
What percentage of blood is formed elements?
45%
What percentage of plasma is water?
91%
What percentage of plasma are proteins?
7%
What is the most abundant protein in plasma?
Albumin
Medical term of red blood cells:
Erythrocytes
Function of the red blood cells:
Transportation of O2 and CO2
Life span of red blood cells:
90-120 days
Elevated number of RBC:
Polycythemia
Low number of RBC:
Anemia
Most common Anemia:
Iron deficiency
Vitamin B12 Deficiency anemia:
Pernicious Anemia
Congenital Anemias:
spherocytosis, thalassemia, sickle cell disease
Medical term of white blood cells:
Leukocytes
Function of the white blood cells:
Defend the body against pathogens
Leukocytes are divided into:
granulocytes
agranulocytes
Granulocytes:
Basophil,
Eosinophil,
Neutrophil.
Agranulocytes:
Monocytes/macrophages
lymphocytes
Phagocytes:
Monocytes,
Eosinophils
Neutrophils
Most abundant leukocyte:
Neutrophil
Least abundant Leukocyte:
Basophil
White blood cell elevated during an allergic reaction:
Eosinophil
White blood cell that contains in its granules histamine and heparin:
Basophil
Elevated number of WBC:
Leukocytosis
Low number of WBC:
Leukopenia
Medical term of Platelets:
Thrombocytes
Life span of platelets:
7-10 days
Precursor cell of the platelets:
Megakaryocyte
Functions of the Platelets:
aids in the formation of blood clots
Elevated number of platelets:
Thrombocytosis
Low number of platelets:
Thrombocytopenia
Universal Donor:
O-
Universal Recipient:
AB+
Antigens in the RBC of A+:
A, RH
Antigens in the RBC of B+:
B, RH
Antigens in the RBC of AB+:
A, B, RH
Antigens in the RBC of O+:
RH
Antigens in the RBC of A-:
A
Antigens in the RBC of B-:
B
Antigens in the RBC of AB-:
A, B
Antigens in the RBC of O-:
None
Antibodies in plasma of A+:
Anti-B
Antibodies in plasma of B+:
Anti-A
Antibodies in plasma of AB+:
none
Antibodies in plasma of O+:
Anti-A, Anti-B
Antibodies in plasma of A-:
Anti-b, Anti-Rh
Antibodies in plasma of B-:
Anti-A, Anti-Rh
Antibodies in plasma of AB-:
Anti-Rh
Antibodies in plasma of O-:
Anti-A, Anti-B, Anti-Rh
A+
B+
AB+
O+
A-
B-
AB-
O-