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Terms in this set (23)
the genes that dictate the way a trait is expressed
genes that are expressed as a trait only if paired with a matching recessive gene
lack of oxygen
Belief in the superiority of one's nation or ethnic group.
study of how children acquire the ability to learn, think, reason, communicate, and remember
describes research that measures a trait in a particular group of subjects over a long period of time
type of study that measures a variable across several age groups at the same time
sequential research designs
research designs that combine features of cross-sectional and longitudinal research designs to overcome some of the problems encountered in using those designs
the study of the effects of heredity on behavior
Male sex hormone
Female sex hormone
The sex chromosome found in both men and women. Females have two X chromosomes; males have one. An X chromosome from each parent produces a female child.
the sex chromosome found only in males. When paired with an X chromosome from the mother, it produces a male child.
around the time of birth
genetic makeup of an organism
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied.
The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable.
Identify two major developmental theorists and describe their philosophy of human development
Freud- focused on the developmental and dynamics of personality
People are driven by motives and emotional conflicts and psychosexual stages
Eriksons- based off of social influences, rational ego, and on development after adolescence.
he had 8 psychical stages
describe the differences between longitudinal, cross-sectional, and sequential research designs and give advantages and disadvantages of each
disadvantages- time consuming
advantages- can indicate whether the characteristics and behaviors measured remain consistent over time
disadvantages-researchers learn nothing about how people change with age
advantages-quicker and easier
disadvantages-time consuming and expensive
explain correlational and experiment research and identify some advantages and disadvantages of each
advantages- determines whether two or more variables are related
disadvantages- cannot establish a causal relationship between one variable and another
advantages- can establish that one thing causes another
disadvantages- often cannot be used for ethical reasons
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Maylin has a negative attitude and is disrespectful of her peers. She is unhappy at work and has not been performing at her job as well as in the past. Unfortunately, Maylin blames her co-workers for mistakes that have been made and feels as if the world is against her. A. Explain how each of the following psychological concepts might explain Maylin's negative or unpleasant behavior. • Self-serving bias • Displacement B. Explain how each of the following psychological concepts might help Maylin become more postve in her daily life. • Self-actualization • Sublimation • Unconditional positive regard
Cruz and Eva have a 7-year-old son. He is in the second grade and is extremely obedient. He has many friends, most of whom are on a baseball team with him. What advice might each of researches give to Cruz and Eva about their son's development? • Jean Piaget (cognitive development) • Harry and Margaret Harlow (attachment) • Lewrence Kohlberg (levels of moral thinking) • Erik Erikson (psycho social development) • Diana Baumrind (parenting styles)
While listening-to the orchestra as she dances the lead role in Swan Lake, a ballerina concludes her performance with a pirouette, spinning around several times before leaping into the arms of her dance partner. Discuss how the ballerina relied on the following to successfully complete her performance and how each is important to ensuring that success. • Kinesthetic sense • Vestibular sense • Semicircular canals • Hearing
Erikson and Marcia insist that all adolescents experience an identity crisis. Do you agree? Explain your answer.