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THEO 102 Midterm
Terms in this set (50)
Where, according to the Religion for Breakfast video, did early Christians worship?
Ancient houses, which usually belonged to wealthy patrons of the church.
Our textbook this semester explores two millennia of church history (from Jesus to the 20th and then 21st century!) in the following way:
By examining several key moments where Christians made a decisive change in direction; the hows, whys, wheres and whens of those critical events.
The parting words of Jesus, which Mark Noll identifies as the starting place for Christian history and theology:
"All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything that I have commanded you. And remember, I am with you always, to the end of the age."
Hierarchical church organization led by church leaders (bishops, elders, deacons, etc.) who traced their ministries and apostolic authority to Jesus' disciples.
In the Turning Points reading this week, you learned about a frightening and uncertain time for the early church when what important city fell?
According to the Religion for Breakfast video, most Christian persecutions were:
"sporadic and local phenomena"
This word means "rule," "law," or "principle," and it refers to the idea/process by which Christians arrived at a set of sacred writings that we now call the Bible.
This ancient empire was the major world power (in the known world) during the early years of the Christian church.
Name of the Roman Emperor who made Christianity a religio licita (a permitted/tolerated/legal religion) in the Edict of Milan in 313.
In 325, this became for ancient Christians what Religion For Breakfast calls, "the ultimate statement of Christian orthodoxy."
Arius, an ancient Christian whose ideas are now considered by many to be heretical, and who was refuted in the Council of Nicaea, believed this about Jesus:
that Jesus was a lesser being than God the Father.
What major life event led Constantine to Christianity?
a vision from God.
In this week's "I Need to Know More" podcast, Dr. Payne noted that 4th century Christianity was:
An organization with potential to bring stability to the Roman Empire.
What did the Council of Chalcedon conclude about Jesus Christ?
Jesus is 'one person' consisting of 'two natures.'
What did Nestorius, the bishop of Constantinople, believe about Jesus' mother Mary?
In giving birth to Jesus, Mary was the bearer of the human Jesus (Christotokos), not the divine Jesus.
The theological term 'Trinity' refers to the Christian teaching that God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Spirit (Holy Spirit) are three persons, but one God.
What is the etymology of the term 'orthodox'?
'Straight' or 'right' opinion.
What claim made by Arius was debated at the Council of Nicaea in 325 A.D.?
Arius' claim that Jesus Christ was created by God and therefore Jesus was not the same as God the Father.
According to Abbott Jeremy Driscoll, O.S.B., the "rule" of St. Benedict (regula sancti Benedict) refers to:
'Regulating life,' or putting life in order in such a way that you are led to God.
One of the noteworthy contributions of the monastic communities was their preservation of biblical texts, as well as their creation and conservation of religious art and music.
____________________ was a Christian ascetic, who lived the last decades of his life on a pillar in an attempt to focus solely on God and the spiritual realities of life.
Which is true of the 'Desert Fathers and Mothers'?
They were often perceived by their peers as great spiritual warriors of God, who defended the world against the forces of Satan.
The Rule of St. Benedict was written in such a way that it was flexible and could be adapted to different communities, climates, times of the ecclesiastical year, and even to a monk's level of spiritual maturity.
In Hildegard of Bingen's text "The Sacrifice of Christ and the Church," she shares a vision in which she describes the Church, personified as a woman, entering into marriage with the crucified Christ.
The Christendom of the Middle Ages led to an integrated view of life in which the Christian faith as well as Christian leadership impacted every aspect of life - society, politics, the economy, education, the arts, and religious practice, etc.
Hildegard of Bingen was a 12th century German Benedictine abbess, who was a Christian mystic, theologian, philosopher, scientist, preacher, and musician.
During the medieval period, Christian scholars studied the four-fold meaning of Scripture, a method which considered the literal, allegorical, moral, and anagogic meaning of a biblical text.
During the Middle Ages, the practice of infant baptism was common place in Christian communities.
What advice does the Didache give to early Christians?
"There are two ways, one of life and one of death, but a great difference between the two ways."
Turning Points argues that one benefit of exploring church history is that it:
Helps us learn how to interpret scripture responsibly in conversation with our trusted Christian brothers and sister of the past.
A belief or opinion that was/is contrary to orthodox Christian teaching:
This group of Jesus followers, eventually labeled as heretics, believed that Jesus was a human who was adopted by God the Father and then given divinity.
The following is a line from the Nicene Creed:
Light of Light, true God of true God, begotten, not created, of one essence with the Father through Whom all things were made.
In early Christian history, what signified an ecumenical council?
An ecumenical council was an assembly of Christian leaders that included representatives from all the centers of Christianity, which included both the Western and Eastern churches.
The Catechetical Homily of St. John Chrysostom is still read every Easter in Eastern Orthodox churches.
Benedict of Nursia conveyed in his Rule that the life of prayer cannot coexist with the life of service. As such, all the monks who followed his rule lived in strict separation from society.
According to Abbott Jeremy Driscoll, O.S.B., Benedict of Nursia didn't introduce new insights per se, instead his monastic order provided a space for people to live their life rooted in the scriptures and nourished by the [Church] fathers.
According to Abbott Jeremy Driscoll, O.S.B., which religious practices characterize the monastic life?
All of the above are characteristics of monastic life.
The sacrament of confirmation refers to the ordination of the laity; 'the laity' includes any individual who is not a part of the monastic community
During the Middle Ages, the Eucharist was the pinnacle of the worship service.
In the main video lecture for the week, Dr. Payne explained that the word theology comes from two ancient Greek words which, translated into English, are:
God and Words
This word, which means "witness" or "testimony," is the term used for Christians who were killed (often in gruesome ways) for confessing their faith in Jesus as Lord.
This Egyptian theologian wrote a rebuttal to the theology of Arius and explored why it was vital that Jesus was fully God and fully human called On the Incarnation.
The theological word for the emerging orthodox doctrine of the Godhead, Three in One.
What is the etymology of the term 'heretic'?
Able to choose
The term 'pope,' or papas in Greek, was used to refer exclusively to the bishop of Rome starting in the 11th century, however, before this time, it was used as a common title of respect for a multitude of Christian leaders.
According to the reading, Christian creeds were used to prepare converts for which important Christian ritual:
The Emperor Charlemagne promoted the Rule of St. Benedict as a way to bring unity to his empire.
The Christian leaders at the Council of Chalcedon eventually decided to allow each Christian believer to choose whether or not to accept the theological concept of the Trinity.
In the early years of the Christian movement, early Christians were considered to be a subset of what other religion/ethnicity?
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