Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Safety Exam #2
Terms in this set (67)
•You can't fix stupid.
•It is the fault of the worker.
•A lack of accidents is always an indication of a safe workplace.
•Disciplining the worker(s) will prevent accidents.
What are some Accident Myths?
•Accidents do NOT happen by chance.
•Accidents have Specific Causes.
•Accidents are NOT random events.
•Accidents are Predictable and Preventable.
•Accidents represent Failures in the System or Management Problems in the organization.
What are some Accident Facts?
1.Management creates the work environment.
2.Management advertises for, hires, places, trains and supervises workers.
3.Management can reward for work it wants done and punish when procedures are violated.
Who controls all of the vaiables surroundng accidents?
Who does OSHA and the courts hold responsible if a worker makes a fatal error?
•Medical expenses - first aid, hospital, physical therapy
•Worker compensation payments - lost wages
•Increased insurance premium costs
•Cost of investigation time and materials
•Equipment repairs, work area changes
•Lots more hidden costs
How are accidents expensive?
•Ask the employees what hazards they face and what problems must be addressed.
•Follow the process and review each step for hazards.
•Reporting of near misses by employees.
How do safety professionals determine exposure to hazards?
Risk = Probability x Severity
What is the risk formula?
the magnitude of the loss in a given period of time.
the Likelihood of the occurrence of an event
•Used to prevent accidents
•Used to predict accidents
•Used to investigate accidents
Why do we use accident causation theories?
leads to degradation of preventive mechanisms and accident occurrence or recurrence.
What does the failure to understand an accident lead to?
Single Factor Theory
•Assumes single cause
•Represents management point of view
•What happens just before the accident
•Capabilities of man or machine are exceeded
•Results of the accident
Multiple Causation Accident Theories (Multiple Factors Theory)
•Pulls different causation theories together into one working theory.
Psychological/Behavioral Accident Causation Theories (Human Factors Theory - 1980's)
•Accidents are the result of human error
• Overload - Excessive number of tasks
• Inappropriate activities - Unqualified
• Inappropriate response - Qualified person takes shortcuts or fails to correct the problem
Behavioral - Human Error
•Common focus of all traditional theories of accident causation
Accident PreventionSwiss Cheese Model - 1990 and updated 2000
Organizational Factors → Unsafe Supervision → Preconditions for Unsafe Acts → Unsafe Acts → Accident and Injury
•Recognition of hazards
•Understanding the factors that increase the risk of accidents
•Thorough investigation of accidents
How do we prevent future accidents?
•Identifying the errors in the SYSTEM, not to place blame on any particular individual whether it is a worker or a management person.
Why do safety pros perform accident investigations?
•Primary Purpose - Prevent Recurrence
•Determine root causes
•Identify and eliminate hazards
•Expose deficiencies in process and/or equipment
•Identifying out-dated procedures
•Improvements to work environment
•Improvement of operational & safety procedures
•Reduce injury and worker compensation costs
•Maintain worker morale
•Raises safety awareness level
What are some Accident investigaton Benefits?
Root Cause Analysis
The Five Whys - basic
Why Tree Analysis - more complex
Fault Tree Analysis - very complex
What are the accident investigation methods?
What are the 6 questions that should be asked?
1.Notification of pre-determined parties (tell other people)
2.Secure the scene
3.Evaluate the condition of injured personnel
4.Identify the elements of the accident scene
5.Secure the accident scene for investigation
6.Collect and preserve evidence
7. Develop witness questions (very open questions)
8. Interview witnesses
9. Conduct follow-up
10. Synthesize gathered information
11. Use data for trending
12. Make changes as necessary
What are the steps that need to be taken when an accident happens?
•Workers' compensation laws were designed to compensate victims of workplace accidents by forcing the employer to pay the workers money for their injuries and lost time.
Why were workers comp laws designed?
•Considered "No-fault" insurance.
•No fault is admitted on the part of the employer or employee
What kind of insurance is workers comp insurance?
•1911 - Wisconsin, first state to enact worker compensation
When was the first workers comp law put into effect in the US?
•Before workers' compensation (WC) laws were passed workers had to sue their employers for pay missed due to injuries sustained on the job.
How did workers get restitution before workers comp laws?
•Employers could raise defenses to injured workers' claims
•Assumption of the risk - employees accept the risks associated with the job
•Contributory negligence - employee contributed to the injury
•Fellow-servant rule - caused by another employee
What could employers do to fight the lawsuits before workers comp laws?
Who decides the workers comp laws?
All 50 states and all us territories
What sates have workers comp laws today in the US?
•Every person lawfully or unlawfully employed, including minors.
•Service of State, County or City
•Volunteers of fire departments, ambulance personnel, police departments, enrolled in or training for civil defense corps.
•Every person performing a service while working in a trade, business, profession, or occupation of an employer at the time of the injury.
•Active National Guard
Who is covered under workers comp laws?
•Domestic employees in private home
•Casual employees - working under 20 consecutive days
•Charitable or religious employees
•Any person who elects not to be covered
•Contractors and subcontractors*
Who are exempted under workers comp laws?
A person who is on a company's payroll, who receives benefits, and has a supervisor
A person who accepts a service contract to perform a specific task or set of tasks and is not directly supervised by the company
•arising out of and in the course of employment refers to the activities by an employee as part and during the course of employment.
What injuries are covered under workers comp laws?
• recreational league activities sponsored by the employer, unless participation is required as a condition of employment.
• activities of a personal nature away from employer-provided facilities.
What injuries are not covered under workers comp laws?
•Medical expenses and rehabilitation
•Income during the injury/illness
What are the workers comp benefits?
•Replacement of income
• provide medical benefits
•Rehabilitation of injured employee
•Prevention of accidents
What are some objectives of workers compensation?
•Rehabilitation work may be medical or vocational or a combination of the two.
what is the purpose of rehabilitation?
•When the employee can still work but is unable to perform all duties of the job due to the injury, as is often the case with a broken finger or severed toe.
What is partial coverage of WC?
•When the employee is unable to work or perform substantial duties on the job, as is often the case with a severe back injury or blindness.
What is total coverage of WC?
•When the employee is expected to fully recover, as is the case with a broken limb or a sprain.
•Temporary disability is the state that exists when it is probable that an injured worker who is currently unable to work will be able to resume gainful employment with no or only partial disability.
What is temporary coverage of WC?
•When the employee will suffer the effects of the injury for life, as is the case with a severed limb, blindness, or permanent hearing loss.
•Permanent disability is the condition that exists when an injured employee is not expected to recover fully.
What is permanent coverage of WC?
What are some examples of WC Insurance?
•Whole person - ability before vs ability after
•Wage loss - wages before vs wages after
•Loss of wage-earning capacity - future earning capacity vs impaired capacity
What are some classifications of injuries and benefits under WC?
•Manual rating - rates for various occupations. Overall rate for employer is combination of individual rates.
•Experience rating - premium rates are based on predictions of average losses for a given type of employer and experience over the past three years.
•Retrospective rating - insurer charges actual cost of claims and overhead. May be used by companies with high experience ratings.
What are the 3 employer premium ratings?
•Number of employees
•Types of work performed (hazards and risk involved)
•Accident experience of the employer
•Potential future losses.
How are rates effected?
premium = payroll/100 X rate
Rate calculation Formula
Standard premium = manual premium X EMR
Standard Premium Formula
experience modification rate or "mod"
•Maintain a safe and healthy workplace
•Institute a wellness program
•Implement a return-to-work program
•Conduct accident investigation to determine causes and correct
•Use managed care programs
•Maintain communication with the employee
•Work with your insurance company to manage claims
What are some strateges to reduce costs?
•Injury and illness statistics are used by OSHA.
•Inspectors also use the data during inspections
•The records are also used by employers and employees to implement safety and health programs at individual workplaces.
•Analysis of the data is a widely recognized method for discovering workplace safety and health problems and for tracking progress in solving those problems.
•The records provide the base data for the BLS Annual Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses.
What are the purposes of OSHA Recordkeeping?
•Small employer exemption - 10 or fewer employees at all times during the year
•Low-hazard industry exemption - see list of Partially Exempt Industries (PDF)
•restaurants, banks, and medical offices.
Who is exempt from keeping records?
•Log of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses
OSHA Form 300
Injury and Illness Incident Report
OSHA Form 301
Summary of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses
OSHA Form 300A
•OSHA forms 300 and 301 are maintained on an ongoing basis. Recordable injuries and illnesses must be entered on these forms as they occur throughout the year.
What is the purpose of OSHA forms 300 and 301?
•The OSHA Form 300A is completed after the end of the year, summarizing the number of recordable cases that occurred.
What is the purpose of OSHA form 300A
•Injuries and illnesses that are Work related and Meet a certain severity criteria
What cases need to be recorded?
•Cases caused by events or exposures in the work environment
•Cases contributed to by events or exposures in the work environment
•Cases significantly aggravated by events or exposures in the work environment
What cases are work related?
•Loss of consciousness
•Days away from work
•Restricted work activity or job transfer
•Medical treatment beyond first aid
What is the severity criteria?
You must post it no later than February 1 of the year following the year covered by the records and keep the posting in place for three months until April 30.
What are the dates that the OSHA 300a form need to be posted by?
•File and update for 5 years
•Do not send copies to OSHA unless asked to do so. **
•Allow access to the records
Forms kept on file should be kept for...
•Establishments with 250 or more employees that are currently required to keep OSHA injury and illness records, and establishments with 20-249 employees that are classified in certain industries must electronically submit their Form 300A Summary data to OSHA.
Electronic Reporting Requirements
Does recording an injury or illness on the Log indicate that the case qualifies for workers' compensation or other benefits?
•The OSHA recordkeeping system is intended to collect, compile and analyze uniform and consistent nationwide data on occupational injuries and illnesses.
• is intended primarily to provide medical coverage and compensation for workers who are killed, injured, or made ill at work, and varies in coverage from one State to another...
Sets found in the same folder
Food Manager Certification
Top 50 Management Interview Questions and Answers
SAFETY PROGRAM MANAGEMENT
Sets with similar terms
Aviation Safety 2
CIH Management and Ethics
Transportation Safety C1-C5
ASP CSP mgt theory
Other sets by this creator
Strategic Management Chapter 5
Personal Tax Chapter 9 Quiz
Strategic Management Test #2
Personal Tax Exam #2
Other Quizlet sets
MGMT211 Chapter 6 (Lecture/Notes)
ASCP Micro- Enterbacteriaceae
Ch. 20 Quiz Review