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Arts and Humanities
Causes of World War 1
Terms in this set (17)
The 4 long-term causes of WWI
A: Alliance System (Alliances)
Short-term cause (trigger event) that launched WWI
Assassination of the heir to the Austrian throne (Archduke Franz Ferdinand) in Sarajevo (Bosnia) on June 28, 1914 by Slavic nationalists.
Militarism/How it caused WWI
A policy of glorifying military power and keeping an army prepared for war. This is a symbol of strength.
Cause: An arms race in Europe, and large standing armies at the ready for war.
Negative Impacts of Militarism
If a nation practices this, its neighbors feel compelled to as well, and this fuels an ARMS (weapons) RACE and increases tensions among nations.
Alliances/How they caused WWI
A policy where leaders make promises/deals to protect or not attack one another.
Caused many nations that wouldn't have been involved in a conflict to get dragged in by association.
Imperialism/How it caused WWI
When a country conquers and rules foreign territory, extending the boundaries of their empire.
A policy where economic rivalries and competition for colonies caused heightened tension (even mini-wars/ regional wars) between European nations.
Nationalism/How it caused WWI
Extreme patriotism (unifying force) and/or desire for groups within a larger empire to become independent, new nations (destructive/destabilizing force).
Caused major unrest in the Balkans, especially with Slavic nationalist (separatist) movements. Causes superiority matches/complexes among Euro. nations, too.
Negative Impacts of Imperialism
Rivalry and mistrust among European nations deepened as they vied for control of foreign territory
Negative Impacts of Nationalism
It encouraged competition and tension among European nations.
Nationalist Slavs were eager to carve their own nation from Austria-Hungary, fueling tension in the Balkans.
The Allied Powers (Allies) of WWI
Serbia, Russia, France, Great Britain, Belgium
Later: Italy, Japan, the U.S.
The Central Powers of WWI
Later: Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Austro-Hungarian crown prince, heir to Austrian throne: assassinated on June 28, 1914 during good-will mission in Sarajevo, Bosnia (Aus-Hung) by Slavic nationalists, sparking WWI. Caused Germany and other Austro Allies to declare war on Serbia and its allies.
FIRST nation to declare war in summer 1914
Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia
Country that saw themselves as the protector of Slavic peoples and was Serbia's important ally in 1914
"Young" powerful country that was looking to prove its might, military power & superiority in 1914, and was an ally of Austria-Hungary
Originally neutral nation that Germany invaded in early August 1914, provoking Great Britain into entering the war
Group responsible for murdering Archduke Franz Ferdinand on 6/28/1914
Slavic nationalist terrorist group from Serbia: The Black Hand
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