American History Term Final (Part Two - Six)

Black Tuesday
October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed. Lead to the Panic of 1929
buying stocks and bonds expecting a quick profit
shanty towns built by homeless during the great depression; got this nick name mocking Hoover who did nothing to fix it
Dust Bowl
a region of the great plains that experienced a drought in the 1930s that resulted in farmers without wages
Hawley-Smoot tariff.
tax on imports; highest tax ever in USA, was an attempt to protect domestic industries from foreign import
Public Works Program
government funded projects to build public facilities
deficit spending
spending more money than the government receives in taxes
Wagner Act
legalized the right to collective union bargaining andother union rights
leaders who manipulate people with half truths, deceptive promises, and scare tactics
court packing
FDR proposition to "reorganize" the court by adding 6 new judges
satellite nation
countries on western side of soviet union under its control, acted as a buffer region for any attacks.
iron curtain
Described the division between Communist and non Communist life, metaphor, iron because it is hard to break through
American policy of accepting communist nations that already stood, but preventing further expansion of communist nations
1949 alliance of nations that banded together in the event of a war and help protect and support each other; United States was apart of NATO
Warsaw Pact
done as a response to NATO by soviet union, alliance of eastern European countries, they did not have a choice to join
Soviets got a technological advantage to the US after launching the first Satellite to orbit the Earth
Brown vs Board of Education
Supreme court decision that stated "seperate but equal" was unconstitutional. many did not follow it, many did.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
boycott of interstate buses where, After Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bis to a white man, blacks refused to take the bus, lasted for over a year
organization founded by Dr Martin Luther King Jr that believed in civil disobedience and nonviolent protests
nonviolent protests
a peaceful way of protesting against restrictive policies
civil disobedience
nonviolent refusal to obey a law in hopes of changing that law
black nationalism
the idea that the black race was dominant, believed in segregation
de jure segregation
separation caused by poverty
de facto segregation
separation created by law
domino theory
Eisenhower's fear that if Vietnam fell to communism the others would fall too because of its location. Vietnam - Laos - Cambodia - Burma
league of Independence in North Vietnam, communists led by Ho Chi Minh
Viet Cong
Communist Guerrillas in South Vietnam
National Liberation Front
Political arm of Viet Cong that gained the trust for the Southern Vietnamese people
Nixon's policy of taking out American soldiers and replacing them with Southern Vietnamese soldiers