33 terms


psychodynamic approach

Terms in this set (...)

conscious, preconscious, unconscious
three levels of consciousness
thoughts, perceptions
examples of conscious
memories, stored knowledge
examples of preconscious
fears, wishes, shame and selfish needs
examples of subconscious
influences by conflict between three structures
what is freuds general opinion on personality
3-5 years, conscience, morals, ideas, others standards. conscious and unconscious
superego: age and define
1 year, self, reality principle, negotiates balance, driven by Id, more conscious
ego: age and define
immediate gratification, pleasure principle, unconscious, taps into dreams
Id: from birth
i should but i dont
intrapsychic conflict
used by ego to avoid anxiety and maintain self esteem
defence mechanisms: why and with what do we have them?
repression, denial, rationalisation, projection, displacement, sublimation, reaction formation
what are all the defence mechanisms
justifying something
what is rationalisation
push onto something else
what is projection
channel behaviour to something else
what is displacement
channel into acceptable behaviour
exaggerate opposite behaviour
what is reaction formation
Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
freuds stages of development
under 1, instant gratification, pleasure through feeding, (id)
oral stage
1-3, toilet training, ego develops,
anal stage
3-5, superego develops, sex roles, oedipus/electra
5-12, peer socialisation, defence mechanisms develop
12+, puberty, attraction to opposite sex
oral-receptive (gullible) oral-aggressive (spiteful)
fixated personalities of oral stage
anal-expulsive ( messy) anal-retentive (orderly)
fixed personalities of anal stage
promiscuity, homosexuality
fixed personalities of phallic stage
followed freud but disagreed with negative base view on humanity. social world and equality of gender/parental role, birth order and inferiority complex
who is alfred adler
personality continually develops until goals reached, personality depends on response to world
who is carl jung
rejects sexual theory and male focus, social/cultural influences
who is karen horney
persona, shadow, opposites within personality, personality is the process of becoming 'self'
what ws carl jungs view on personality
extraversion-introversion, thinking-feeling, intuitive-sensing, perceiving-judging the 16 possibile combinations are the MBTI
carl juns four pairs of opposites
free talking whereby talking long enough drops defence mechanisms, aspects of subconscious emerge symbolically
what is free association
symbolic wish fulfilment and interpretation by psychoanalyst
what is dream analysis
i.e. rorschach inkblot test
what is image interpretation