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RBT Competency Exam Section C Pt 2
Terms in this set (34)
What is Discrimination Training?
The procedure for teaching the child to distinguish between two or more Stimulus Deltas
What is a Stimulus Delta?
A stimulus where a particular response is NOT reinforced
What is an example of Discrimination Training?
Having the student distinguish red cars from other cars. When the student correctly identifies a red car, you give them a reward and if they are incorrect you don't
When does Stimulus Control occur?
When rate, latency, duration, or amplitude of response is altered OR in the presence of an antecedent stimulus
How is Stimulus Control acquired?
Through Discrimination Training
When does Stimulus Generalization occur?
When a client that has learned a response to a specific stimulus responds in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus. The greater the similarity, the greater the likelihood stimulus generalization will occur
When does Stimulus Discrimination occur?
When new stimuli, regardless of similarity to other stimuli, don't evoke the same response as the controlling stimulus
What procedures do you use to transfer Stimulus Control from prompts to natural stimulation (aka Stimulus Discrimination-> Stimulus Generalization)?
Fading Prompting and Stimulus
What does Stimulus Fading do and what is the most common form of Stimulus Fading?
It highlights a physical dimension (e.g. size, color, position) of stimulus to increase the likelihood of correct response; you can either fade in or out but Fading out stimulus prompt and Fading in Natural Stimulus is the MOST common
What are the 6 types of prompting?
1) Full Physical Prompt
2) Partial Physical Prompt
3) Model Prompt
What is an example of a Full Physical Prompt?
Help putting a doll in the cradle after instruction
What is an example of Partial Physical Prompt?
Guiding a student's arm to put a doll into the cradle
What's an example of Model Prompting?
Putting the doll into the cradle yourself; can also be vocal or physical
What is Verbal Prompting?
Words, Instructions, or Questions to assist a learner in demonstrating a correct response
What's an example of a Verbal Prompting?
Reminding a student to "spit water out" during teeth brushing
What is Proximity Prompting?
The stimulus that corresponds with the correct response is purposely placed closer to the learner than the incorrect stimuli
What is Visual Prompting?
Pictorials or other visual tools to help the student with transitions and schedules
What's the rule of thumb when using prompting methods?
Use less intrusive prompting when possible, only use more intrusive methods when necessary
What are the 3 methods of Prompt Fading?
Least to Most (LTM), Most to Least, and Time Delay
When do you put the Time Delay when using the procedure?
After the instruction, before the prompt
Why is Generalization important for a student to attain?
Because it allows them to apply attained skills across various settings including in real life, thus creating greater independence
What is Response Generalization?
When Behavior 1 and 2 occurs in the presence of the same stimulus
What is an example of Response Generalization?
Student learns to build both a house AND a castle in the presence of blocks
What is Multiple Exemplar Training and example of one?
Training with multiple examples until you see a response to an untrained example.
Example: Teaching what a dog is to a student using a picture and video, and then the student recognizes and identifies a dog properly when they see it in real life or when it is vocally said
Why is Multiple Exemplar Training used?
Because many children won't generalize unless the skill is taught in multiple settings with multiple people
Why do we provide intermittent reinforcement using a thinning schedule instead of continuing to provide continuous reinforcement or eliminating reinforcement all at once?
Intermittent reinforcement allows students to wean off reinforcement and still maintain skills naturally rather than allowing the student to expect to get a reward EVERY time they do a good targeted behavior. If the student were to go 'cold turkey' with reinforcement, they would lose interest in performing the behavior because there's no longer a reason for them to do it.
Eating a bite of a vegetable:
FR1->VR3->VR5->VR7-> Large reinforcer after consuming entire veggie-> medium reinforcer-> small reinforcer-> small after consuming entire veggie multiple times a week is an example of
Intermittent reinforcement with a thinning schedule
What are 3 methods to do maintenance checks?
1) Probing mastered skills to ensure student has maintained skills
2) No promptings after instructions
3) Other methods a BCBA may tell you to do
What are the 5 dimensions of behavior that can be shaped?
1) Topography- form of behavior
2) Frequency- number of responses per unit of time
3) Latency- Time between antecedent and occurrence of behavior
4) Duration- total elapsed time of behavior
5) Amplitude- Magnitude
When do you shape a behavior?
1) To develop new topography and dimensions of behavior
2) To reinstate an old behavior not occurring
3) When instructions, modeling, and prompting aren't applicable or effective
What are examples of behavior to shape?
Voice Volume, Self-harm behavior, Language Development
What are the 7 steps to using shaping?
1) Define target behavior
2) Determine if shaping is the best procedure
3) Identify the starting behavior
4) Choose shaping steps
5) Choose reinforcement
6) Reinforce successive steps
7) Move at proper pace
What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Shaping?
Good: It's a positive procedure and it teaches new behavior
Bad: It's time-consuming and the process is not always linear
What are token economics?
Reinforcement systems employing money systems (token reinforcement) and backup reinforcement; used to control wide range behavior and use diverse consequences with enough options to be able to assign appropriate punishments that 'fit the crime'
Other sets by this creator
RBT Competency Test Section E
RBT Competency Exam Section D
RBT Competency Exam Section C Pt 1
RBT Competency Exam Section B