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RBT Competency Exam Section D
Definitions, Examples, and Application
Terms in this set (25)
What is the purpose of a Functional Behavior Assessment?
To understand WHY behaviors are occurring by determining what student is getting from said behavior
What is Antecedent Modification?
A preventative measure to eliminate what could potentially cause poor behavior
What is a Replacement Behavior?
Behavior used to replace target behavior
What are the 4 functions of Behavior?
1) Access to something in the environment e.g. Tangible, Attention
2) Escaping something in the environment
3) Accessing something in the body (aka automative)
4) Escaping something in the body (aka attenuation)
What are the 2 types of Motivating Operation?
1) Establishing Operation- Scenarios that INCREASE the value of the reinforcement
2)Abolishing Operation- Scenarios that DECREASE the value of reinforcement
What does NCR stand for?
Is NCR an Abolishing or Establishing Operation?
What is Demand Fading?
Increasing Demands to a student over time
What is Task Modification?
Changing how a learner does work, and is also used for behaviors with the function of escape which makes it preferred by the learner
What are examples of Task Modification?
Completing worksheets with a favorite pencil, using a character they like to help them count
What is High-P Sequence/Behavior Momentum?
Providing 3-4 simple demands with high compliance (aka you know the learner CAN AND WILL do them) in quick succession and presenting the demand with low compliance at the end of the sequence
What happens when you give learner's choices?
It gives them a sense of control
DR stands for...
DR Other means to...
Reinforce another behavior other than the maladaptive behavior
DR Alternative means...
Reinforcement behavior meets the same function of maladaptive behavior ie Access, Escape, Sensory
DR Incompatible means...
Reinforcement behavior is physically incompatible to maladaptive behavior
DR Lower Rates of Behavior is typically for...
Socially acceptable behavior that happens too often, or reinforced if below predetermined criteria
What are the 4 types of extinction?
When extincting something you must ALWAYS_________?
Reinforce something else
What is Extinction?
Removing all Reinforcement of Behavior
How do you implement each type of Extinction?
1) Attention- Ignore behavior, no attention but keep student and staff safe, don't laugh, look, engage during; provide IMMEDIATE praise after target behavior and praise for calming down
2) Tangible- Don't provide access to item either by sight or touch
3) Escape- Don't allow learner to escape, physical prompt learner into compliance; supervisor will give directions typically either prompt through small portions of demand and then reinforce heavily OR continue until learner does demand without behavior
4) Sensory- Remove Sensory Stimulation a learner gets, supervisor will provide directions
Which is the RAREST Extinction method and why?
Sensory because it is only used with the most SEVERE cases and in most cases unethical
What is an Extinction Burst?
A sudden increase in the rate of behavior during the early stages of extinction; usually a sign that it is working
When are Emergency Plans used and who is in charge of creating them?
When students engage in behavior that poses a threat; BCBAs are in charge of creating them
What is included in a Behavior Intervention Plan?
Antecedent Strategies, Functions of Behavior, and Operational Definitions
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