Terms in this set (37)
Circa 1540 - 1690
HOW IS THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION A CHANGE IN BOTH SCIENCE AND THOUGHT?
It changes the Science behind why many things happen and also what people though actually goes on. It allows people to start thinking that what they are being told by the church is not right and there is scientific proof to prove what is going on.
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION?
The scientific revolution caused people to start thinking and questioning against the church about the way things operate and why things happen according to god. This questioning made for many people to be labeled as heretics for going against the word of god, but also to set a basis for todays modern sciences, mathematics, philosophy, and all round way of thinking.
WHO IS IMPACTED BY THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION? HOW ARE THOSE PEOPLE/GROUPS IMPACTED?
The catholic churches and all those who follow and are apart of the church are impacted by these new discoveries because they disprove their beliefs on many topics. The discoveries go against what they are taught to believe and for doing that they are said to be heretics.
the Aristotelian View of the Universe
Earth is the center of the universe and everything else rotates around it
Ptolemaic View of the Universe
Everything meaning every planet in the solar system was revolving around the Earth, making the earth the "center of the Universe," leaving the Sun, the Moon, stars, and other known planets to orbit around the earth.
Started the Scientific Revolution, is an Astronomer from Poland identified the concept of a heliocentric solar system. He proposed a sun center solar system. Copernicus Law- The motions of the heavens and sun is created by the motion of the Earth.
A Danish nobleman and astronomer who received money from the king of Denmark to build an advanced observatory where he studied the stars and planets; collecting over twenty years of data. Corrected the Copernican Tables and the Overlap of Jupiter and Saturn. HYPOTHESIZED A UNIVERSE THAT WAS PART PTOLEMAIC AND PART COPERNICAN.
THE COPERNICAN HYPOTHESIS
SAID THE SUN WAS THE CENTER OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM which is know as the HELIOCENTRIC THEORY. Religious authorities attacked his theory and Martin Luther did not agree.
A key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution, he is best known for his laws of planetary motion. THREE LAWS OF PLANETARY MOTION- He proved mathematically the relations of a sun centered solar system.
Italian scientist and scholar and made pioneering observations that laid the foundation for modern physics and astronomy. Experimental Method - rather than speculate, he conducted controlled experiments to find conclusions. - "rest is NOT the natural state of objects Dropped a 10lb and 1lb ball of leaning tower of Piza they both hit at the same time. Put on trial for heresy for countering the Catholic Church by the Catholic Church. Finally absolved by Pope John Paul II in 1992.
The Newton Synthesis
"If I have seen further [than others], it is by standing on theshoulders of Giants." (Newton) 1642-Published Principia, postulated the law of universal gravitation, synthesized the astronomy of Copernicus, as corrected by Kepler, with the physics of Galileo. Discovered the gravitational pull between two objects.
Sir Isaac Newton
English physicist and mathematician, most famous for his law of gravitation, was instrumental in the scientific revolution of the 17th century. Considered the Father of Modern Physics.
Causes of the Scientific Revolution
All people involved started in Physiology, the art of thinking, and then branched out into science. Allowed for a link between what people were thinking and scientifically proving it. They changes the way people looked at art which is comparable how Shakespeare changed the way people looked at writing. The Ninja Turtles.
English Renaissance statesman and philosopher, best known for his promotion of the scientific method.This paved the way for the sound of scientific knowledge
Paved a key role in shaping Modern Philosophy
1.Have a question 2. Then do background research on the question 3.Construct a Hypothesis 4.Test your hypothesis by doing an experiment 5. Anaylze your data by doing an experiment 6. Figure out if your hypothesis was correct.
Created a Pascaline and early version of a calculator,
Pascal discovered the chance of probability Invented the wrist watch and Furthered our knowledge and understanding in geometry, physics, and the computer sciences.
He said the center of gravity was the Earth, and all spheres (planets) encircle the sun. Copernicus Law -The motions of the heavens and sun is created by the motion of the Earth.
Made a calendar that gave the risings and setting of the stars in the morning and evening twilight. He Changed the way we looked at the world. He influenced Columbus because he thought he could get to india. He Wrote a number of world changing Astronomical, Mathematical, and Geographic books.
First true Genuine Scientist. He believed all peoples and all of their knowledge was ultimately based on perception which is empiricism. His book Metaphysics, clarified the distinction between matter and form.
Proposed a fifth element in addition to fire, water, air, earth. Aether- a substance which makes up heavenly spheres. Classification of Living thing- With blood or Without blood
Four Causes by Arustotle
Aristotle was the first to create a comprehensive system of western philosophy which includes logic and science, politics and metaphysics and aesthetics that continue to act a as a basis for philosophers and scientists today.
How was science classified before 1500?
Science emerged as a minor but distinct branch of philosophy in leading universities (14th & 15th centuries).
Which astronomers contributed to the destruction of the geocentric view of the universe?
Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, Newton.
Who postulated the heliocentric view of the universe?
Nicolaus Copernicus identified the concept of a heliocentric solar system.
What does empiricism emphasize?
Empiricism emphasizes the role of experience and evidence, especially sensory perception, in the formation of ideas
Who created the modern scientific method?
Who put forth the three laws of planetary motion?
Who formulated the law of universal gravitation?
What was Galileo's greatest achievement?
His greatest achievement was proving the Church wrong then the Church admitting he was right some hundreds of years later about how the Sun is the center of the universe.
Who wrote On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres? What is its significance?
Nicolaus Copernicus and it was significant because it supported the idea of a heliocentric universe which was against the views of the church.
Who wrote Principia? What is its significance?
Sir Isaac Newton and because it shows the basis for Newtons 3 laws of motion. Also talks about the idea of gravitation pull
Who postulated the theory of inertia? What did it state?
Galileo , and object at rest tends to stay at rest, but an object in in motion tends to stay in motion.
What is the significance of Gresham College to the discipline of science?
Gresham College in London is established and attempts to link theoretical science with applied science.
Who is regarded as Europe's leading astronomer with his vast amounts of detailed observations?
What are the significant causes of the scientific revolution?
Science emerged as a minor but distinct branch of philosophy in leading universities (14th & 15th centuries). This provided scholars a place to do their thinking, research, and writing.
The Renaissance stimulated scientific progress.
What are the significant consequences of the scientific revolution?
Creation of an international scientific community; scholars could engage in discourse about theories and ideas, thus expanding knowledge.
The modern scientific method. But the greatest impact of all was on how people thought and believed.