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Digestive, respiratory, and skin
(CP-1) The main function of the urinary system is to eliminate waste. What are 3 other systems that eliminate waste? (464)
Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra
(CP-2) What are the 4 organs of the urinary system? (464)
Water, nitrogenous wastes, and salts.
The urinary system excretes _____________, _______________, and _______________. (464)
Water, some salts, bile and digestive residue
The digestive system eliminates _______________, _______________, ________________, and _______________ _______________. (464)
Carbon dioxide and water
The respiratory system eliminates _______________ _______________ and _______________. (464)
Water, salts, and nitrogenous wastes
The skin, or integumentary system, excretes _______________, _______________, and ______________ _____________. (464)
Posterior to the peritoneum
(CP-3) The kidneys are located in the retroperitoneal space. Where is this space? ((464-5)
Renal artery and renal vein
(CP-4) What vessel supplies blood to the kidney and what vessel drains blood from the kidney? (465)
Renal cortex and renal medulla
(CP-5) What are the outer and inner regions of the kidneys called? (465)
(BU-1) Each kidney is located outside the abdominal cavity in the _______________ space. (465)
(BU-2) The renal artery, renal vein, and the ureter connect to the kidney at the _______________. (465)
We will have a ______________ _______________ to help us fill out the diagram on page 465 in our book or page 356 in the study guide. (465)
(CP-7) What name is given to the coil of capillaries in the glomerular (Bowman capsule)? (466)
Movement of materials under pressure from the blood into the glomerular capsule of the nephron
(CP-8) The first step in urine formation is glomerular filtration. What is glomerular filtration? (468)
Glomerular filtration, tubular reabsorption, tubular secretion, and the countercurrent mechanism concentrating the urine
(CP-9) What are the 4 processes involved in the formation of urine? (470)
Renin is produced when blood pressure falls too low for the kidneys to function effectively
(CP-10) What substance is produced by the JG apparatus and under what conditions is it produced? (471)
(CP-11) What is the name of the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder? (471)
(BU-3) The part of the bladder marked by the openings of the ureters and the urethra is called the _______________. (472)
(CP-12) What is the name of the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside? (473)
(BU-4) The amount of dissolved substance in urine is indicated by its ______________. (473)
External urethral sphincter
(BU-14) One's ability to delay urination is due to voluntary control of the _______________ _______________ _______________. (473)
Nitrogenous wastes, electrolytes, and pigment
List 3 dissolved substances normally found in the urine. (473)
Acute kidney disorders arise suddenly and chronic conditions arise slowly and are progressive.
(CP-13) What is the difference between acute and chronic disorders? (474)
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