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41 terms

Chapter 22 The Urinary system

STUDY
PLAY
Digestive, respiratory, and skin
(CP-1) The main function of the urinary system is to eliminate waste. What are 3 other systems that eliminate waste? (464)
Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra
(CP-2) What are the 4 organs of the urinary system? (464)
Urea
(BU-6) Produced by the liver during protein catabolism. (464)
Water, nitrogenous wastes, and salts.
The urinary system excretes _____________, _______________, and _______________. (464)
Water, some salts, bile and digestive residue
The digestive system eliminates _______________, _______________, ________________, and _______________ _______________. (464)
Carbon dioxide and water
The respiratory system eliminates _______________ _______________ and _______________. (464)
Water, salts, and nitrogenous wastes
The skin, or integumentary system, excretes _______________, _______________, and ______________ _____________. (464)
Erythropoietin
(BU-7) Produced by the kidney in response to hypoxia.(464)
Posterior to the peritoneum
(CP-3) The kidneys are located in the retroperitoneal space. Where is this space? ((464-5)
Renal artery and renal vein
(CP-4) What vessel supplies blood to the kidney and what vessel drains blood from the kidney? (465)
Renal cortex and renal medulla
(CP-5) What are the outer and inner regions of the kidneys called? (465)
Retroperitoneal
(BU-1) Each kidney is located outside the abdominal cavity in the _______________ space. (465)
Hilum
(BU-2) The renal artery, renal vein, and the ureter connect to the kidney at the _______________. (465)
Medulla
(BU-12) The nephron loop is located in the _______________. (465)
Word bank
We will have a ______________ _______________ to help us fill out the diagram on page 465 in our book or page 356 in the study guide. (465)
Nephron
(CP-6) (KNOW THIS) What is the functional unit of the kidney called? (466)
Glomerulus
(CP-7) What name is given to the coil of capillaries in the glomerular (Bowman capsule)? (466)
Nephron
(BU-11) The functional unit of the renal system is the _______________. (466)
Movement of materials under pressure from the blood into the glomerular capsule of the nephron
(CP-8) The first step in urine formation is glomerular filtration. What is glomerular filtration? (468)
Filtration
(BU-13) Fluid moves out of the glomerulus by _______________. (468)
Antidiuretic hormone
(BU-8) Stimulates the kidneys to produce concentrated urine. (469t / 469-470)
Renin
(BU-9) Produced by the kidney in response to low blood pressure. (469t / 470)
Glomerular filtration, tubular reabsorption, tubular secretion, and the countercurrent mechanism concentrating the urine
(CP-9) What are the 4 processes involved in the formation of urine? (470)
Renin is produced when blood pressure falls too low for the kidneys to function effectively
(CP-10) What substance is produced by the JG apparatus and under what conditions is it produced? (471)
Ureter
(CP-11) What is the name of the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder? (471)
Trigone
(BU-3) The part of the bladder marked by the openings of the ureters and the urethra is called the _______________. (472)
Angiotensin
(BU-10) Stimulates vasoconstriction. (469t / 472b)
Urethra
(CP-12) What is the name of the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside? (473)
Specific gravity
(BU-4) The amount of dissolved substance in urine is indicated by its ______________. (473)
Glycosuria
(BU-5) The presence of glucose in the urine is known as _______________. (469b / 473)
External urethral sphincter
(BU-14) One's ability to delay urination is due to voluntary control of the _______________ _______________ _______________. (473)
Glucose
Glycosuria is the presence of ______________ in the urine. (473)
Nitrogenous wastes, electrolytes, and pigment
List 3 dissolved substances normally found in the urine. (473)
Micturition
What is another term for urination? (473)
Albumin
Albuminuria is the presence of _______________ in the urine. (473)
Blood
Hematuria is the presence of _______________ in the urine. (473)
Acute kidney disorders arise suddenly and chronic conditions arise slowly and are progressive.
(CP-13) What is the difference between acute and chronic disorders? (474)
Calculi
(CP-14) What is the scientific name for stones, as may occur in the urinary tract? (474)
Pyuria
(BU-15) Pus in the urine is termed _______________. (474)
Ketones
Diabetes mellitus results in _______________ in the urine. (474)
Cystitis
(CP-15) What is the term for inflammation of the bladder? (477)