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27 terms

8th Grade English Final Review

Literary elements and devices
STUDY
PLAY
alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
allusion
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
anecdote
short account of an incident (especially a biographical one)
antagonist
A character or force in conflict with the main character
characterization
the way a writer reveals the personality of a character
climax
the point in a story that creates the greatest suspense or interest
complicating incident
incident that occurs and complicates the plot, because it brings the characters into conflict
conflict
a struggle between opposing characters or opposing forces
first person point of view
a character in the story is actually telling the story himself/herself
flashback
interruption in the present action of a plot to show events that happened at an earlier time
foreshadowing
the use of clues or hints to suggest events that will occur later in the plot
hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
irony
a contrast between expectation and reality
metaphor
an imaginative comparison between two unlike things in which one thing is said to be another thing
mood
the overall feeling of a work of literature
onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds
personification
a figure of speech in which an object or animal is spoken of as if it had human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
protagonist
the main character in a work of literature
repetition
the act of doing or performing again
sarcasm
Harsh, cutting language or tone intended to ridicule
setting
the time and place of a story, play, or narrative poem
simile
a comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, than, or resembles
symbolism
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
theme
the general idea or insight about life that a work of literature reveals
third person limited point of view
the narrator focuses on the thoughts and feelings of only one character
third person omniscient point of view
the narrator knows everything about the characters and their problems
tone
the attitude a writer takes toward his or her subject, characters, and audience