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Civics: Chapter 10 Political Parties
Terms in this set (72)
to place special importance or emphasis on something
an association of voters with broad common interests who want to influence or control decision making in government by electing the party's candidates to public office
a system of government in which two parties compete for power. Two major parties have competed for power in the U.S. during most of the nation's history
a political party that challenges the two major parties
to advance a cause or an idea
a series of statements expressing the party's principles, beliefs, and positions on election issues
representatives from the 50 state party organizations who run a political party
a meeting of political party members to conduct party business
a geographic area that contains a specific number of voters
located next to
a strong party organization that can control political appointments and deliver votes
an election in which voters choose candidates to represent each party in a general election
a type of direct primary (election) which only allows declared members of a party to vote for that party's nominees
an election in which voters need not declare their party preference (any registered voter can vote)
Getting the most votes among all those running for a political office
a number that is more than 50 percent of the total
In the states which requires a candidate to have a majority, if no candidate receives a majority in the primary what happens?
the party holds a second primary called a runoff
Does the U.S. Constitution mention political parties?
Which political party favored a strong central government?
Which political party was formed to oppose Federalists and favored state over national government?
Democratic-Republican party (1790s-1820)
Which political party was formed when it split from Democratic-Republicans to oppose Andrew Jackson and work for strong central government?
National Republican Party
Which political party was formed from Democratic-Republicans who supported Andrew Jackson; said it supported common people?
Which political party formed from National Republicans and others; favored internal improvements?
Which political party was formed from Whigs and other groups; opposed spread of slavery to new territories and favored internal improvements?
Why did many of the leaders who wrote the Constitution dislike the idea of political parties?
They feared that parties, or "factions" as they called them, would lead to divisions that would weaken the new nation
Which political party has been active the longest?
The Democratic Party
How is the Republican Party connected to the National Republican Party?
The Whig Party was formed from National Republicans who split from the National Republican Party in 1834 because they favored internal improvements
How did Federalists view the power of the national government?
* understood that the problems of the country in the 1780s stemmed from the weaknesses of the central government created by the Articles of Confederation.
* believed that the Constitution was required in order to safeguard the liberty and independence that the American Revolution had created.
How have third parties influenced American politics?
* by promoting ideas that were unpopular at first, some of these gained popularity and became laws
-Senators elected directly by voters
- Work day of only 8 hours,
- Voters given a more direct role in
- giving voters more power to
What is a single-issue political party?
A third party which is formed to promote a particular cause
(Ex: Prohibition Party (1892) formed to ban sale of alcohol)
The Communist Party USA was a third party which was formed based on what ideology about government?
Members believed that the government or workers should own all resources and businesses
set of beliefs
Third Parties are typically formed for three primary reasons?
- Promote a particular cause
- Ideology about government
- Unite around an independent leader with a strong personality
What type of party is the Reform Party and why was it formed?
The Reform Party is a third party which was formed around the independent leader, Ross Perot, in 1996 when he was Perot was running for president the 2nd time
How are the names of third-party candidates allowed to appear on the ballot?
Third-party candidates must gather signatures from a large number of voters in order to appear on the ballot.
How do the names of Republican and Democratic candidates placed on the ballot in most states?
Are two-party Political party systems common?
No, they are rare. Most democracies have multiparty systems (3 or more)
- Canada has 3 majority parties
- France has 8
- Israel has >20
How does having a multiparty system affect control of the government?
In countries with multiparty systems, one party rarely wins enough support to control the government.
Are one-party Political Party systems democratic?
What country has a one-party system known as the Communist Party?
Are rival candidates allowed to run for office in a one-party system?
No. Elections are mainly for show
From 1889 to 1937 what prevented most of Florida's African Americans (mostly Republicans) from voting?
a poll tax
instituted by the Democrats
When was Florida's Republican Party organized?
after the Civil War
During what time period did the Florida Democrats dominate state politics?
1876-1962. Democrats won every gubernatorial election except one
Which current political party tends to think that the federal government should be more directly involved in regulating the economy?
Which party believes that the government should help provide housing, income, education, and jobs for the poor?
Which party favors less government regulation of the economy as the best way to promote prosperity?
What do both the Democratic and Republican parties believe will give unemployed people a better chance to find jobs on their own.
What type of party usually field candidates in elections throughout the country?
In which parts of the country are the Democrats particularly strong?
Northeast and on the West Coast
In which parts of the country are Republicans very strong?
How can citizens identify the differences between the political parties?
They can read the platform that each party writes when it nominates a presidential candidate every four years
Why do the two major parties often seem similar?
Because both parties adopt some moderate views in order to appeal to as many voters as possible and because most Americans generally agree on many issues.
Who was the first Republican to be elected president?
Does each party have to have its own national committee?
yes - includes members from every state
Who heads a particular parties national committee?
What raises money for presidential elections and organizes the party's national convention for a particular political party candidate?
The party's NATIONAL COMMITTEE
At what event is a party's candidate for president and vice president chosen by delegates?
At that party's National Convention
How are pledged delegates elected or chosen?
They are chosen at the state or local level, with the understanding that they will support a particular candidate at the convention.
Why do most people believe that political machines are harmful?
when one party is in power too long, it is more likely to ignore people's needs and public officials are more likely to become corrupt
Do you have to join a political party in the U.S. in order to vote?
When a candidate gets plurality, but his or her share is less than 50 percent of all votes cast, does her or she win the primary?
Yes... Usually.. In a few states, the winner must have a majority
What type of direct primary does Florida have?
Are voters allowed to choose which party ballot to use for voting on Election Day in some states? Is this allowed in Florida?
Yes, but not in Florida
What must voters do in Florida to vote for a particular party?
Voters in Florida must register with the party of their choice 30 days before the election.
Can voters in Florida vote in races that are nonpartisan?
(examples: school board members, judges, city officials)
What are 6 important roles of political parties?
1. Elect candidates to office, support
3. Run the government
4. Link different parts of government
5. Communicate with citizens
6. Act as a watchdog over government
How is money raised by political parties used to support candidates
Pay for campaign appearances
How do political parties help government communicate with citizens?
1. Through speeches, printed material, and ads, candidates tell voters were they stand on issues.
2. Candidates listen to what citizens have to say on issues
What is a grassroots movement?
A political movement that begins with the people, sometimes these movements gain enough strength to become a third party
Between elections, which party typically acts as a watchdog over the party in power? What is this party called?
The national party out of power
It is called the opposition party
What are the important roles of the opposition party?
1. Gives voice to people who disagree with the ideas of the party in power
2. Attracts voters to that party
3. Forces the party in power to pay attention to the views of a wide range of people
4. Prevents misuse or abuse of power by the party in power.
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