Your patient is a 72-year-old male who is conscious but lethargic and sitting in a chair. His son states that the patient has been a bit slow lately and has been gaining weight. The medical history includes hypothyroidism and myocardial infarction. The patient has been compliant with his Synthroid and has nitroglycerin for use as needed. The patient responds to verbal stimuli, is confused, has a large tongue, and pale, cold, doughy skin. His only complaint is constipation. HR = 60 and regular, BP = 112/80, RR = 10 and shallow,
= 92%, temperature =
blood glucose = 180 mg/dl. Your treatment of this patient should include:
Your patient is a 32-year-old female who is alert and sitting at her kitchen table complaining of dizziness and near-syncope with exertion. She describes a four-day history of a
fever, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea unrelieved with over-the-counter medications. Physical examination reveals dry skin and mucous membranes, lung sounds clear and equal bilaterally. HR = 131 and regular, BP = 84/60, RR = 20 and regular,
= 98%, blood glucose = 58 mg/dL. She has a history of colitis, for which she often takes prednisone, but she has been noncompliant with her prednisone therapy for the past five days because she cannot afford to refill her prescription. The treatment for this patient should include:
Your patient is a 31-year-old female complaining of dizziness and difficulty breathing after being stung by a bee. You note that she is extremely anxious, and your physical examination reveals a rapidly developing urticaria to her shoulders, neck, and face. Your partner has administered oxygen via a nonrebreather, initiated IV access, placed the patient on the cardiac monitor, and administered epinephrine SC and diphenhydramine IV. Despite this, you also note that her voice is quickly becoming more hoarse and she has developed expiratory wheezes in all lung fields. HR = 128, BP = 100/70, RR = 20,
= 99%. What should be your major concern at this point, and what is the most appropriate treatment?
On-scene you are presented with a confused patient suffering from altered mental status. Additionally, in front of the family, the patient is very irritable and verbally abusive toward all present, including EMS. His wife states that his "kidneys are no good" and he also has "sugar" problems. Your assessment indicates that he is dyspneic with pale skin that is covered with a fine white sediment. His radial pulse is weak, rapid, and irregular. Additionally, you note edema to his hands, feet, and face. Crackles are noted to the lungs bilaterally and he has a dialysis graft on his right forearm. Your partner reports that his heart rate is 164, respirations 26, blood pressure 176/90, and
89%. After applying high-concentration oxygen, which of the following would you perform next?