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Arts and Humanities
Theology 7 - Chapter 22 - The Eucharist Sacrifice
Terms in this set (12)
Explain how the Mass is a meal
It provides nourishment for our souls as food provides nourishment for our bodies. In Biblical times to eat a meal together meant to form a bond or friendship. We eat the Eucharist to be bonded to each other and to Christ. It has a table (the Altar), with bread, wine and water, and people eating and praying together.
Explain how the Mass is a Sacrifice. (Think about what is necessary for Old Testament sacrifice)
The Mass is a Sacrifice because it has an ALTAR dedicated to the Sacrifice, a VICTIM to be offered and a PRIEST who gives the offering.
The one perfect sacrifice of Christ is made present and offered to the Father.
What did Jesus do at the Last Supper
Jesus established the MASS as a spiritual RELIVING of his sacrifice on the Cross.
Although the two events are one sacrifice, what is the difference between the Cross and the Eucharist.
In other words, compare the Sacrifice of the Cross and the Sacrifice of the Mass.
The manner of the sacrifice is different.
On the Cross, Jesus offered himself in a painful and bloody manner.
But in the Mass, Jesus offers himself in a unbloody manner, under the appearances of bread and wine.
In addition, Jesus offered the sacrifice by himself on the Cross. At Mass, Jesus offers the sacrifice through the Priest.
Explain when the consecration occurs at Mass.
The consecration occurs when the Priest says over the bread and the wine the words of consecration : THIS IS MY BODY... and THIS IS THE CHALICE OF MY BLOOD...
What are the words of Consecration
1. This is my Body, which will be given up for you.
2. This is the Chalice of my Blood, the blood of the new and eternal covenant, which will be poured out for you and for many for the forgiveness of sins.
Where do the words of consecration come from
These words came from the Gospel. They were spoken by Jesus at the Last Supper.
What happens at the Consecration
At the Consecration the bread and the wine become the body, blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus.
Give examples of how can we prepare for Mass
1. Going to confession frequently;
2. Reading the Gospel passage that will be read at Mass;
3. Arriving early
4. Praying before Mass begins for example. asking the Virgin mother to help us pray the Mass with more faith, more hope and deeply love or offering the mass for a special intention.
What are steps necessary to prepare for a worthy reception of the Holy Communion
1. Be is a state of Grace (no mortal sin);
2. Observe the Eucharist Fast (one hour before the Communion);
3. Know whom you are about to receive.
4. Receive reverently
5. Say prayers of Thanksgiving
What are the 4 ends of the Mass?
Adoration, Contrition, Petition and Thanksgiving
Is the Sacrifice of the Mass the same sacrifice as the Sacrifice on Calvary?
Both events are the SAME sacrifice (the Cross and the Eucharist). They are ONE and the SAME Sacrifice, because there is only one Priest (JESUS), who is offering the SAME VICTIM (JESUS HIMSELF).
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