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An action taken to destroy something or to prevent it from working properly; to take such destructive action
writ of certiorari
a common law writ issued by a superior court to one of inferior jurisdiction demanding the record of a particular case
reasonable cause for issuing a search warrant or making an arrest; more than mere suspicion
the guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and property from the arbitrary acts of government, including freedom of speech and freedom of religion
the drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party, group, or incumbent
Petition that, if signed by majority of the House of Representatives' members, will pry a bill from committee and bring it to the floor for consideration.
free exercise clause
the First Amendment guarantee that citizens may freely engage in the religious activities of their choice
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may not establish an official religion.
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
Distribution of representatives among the states based on the population of each state
the exclusive power of a president to recognize (establish formal diplomatic relations with) foreign states
a process in which a legislative measure is referred to the state's voters for final approval or rejection.
allows the release of a prisoner short of the completion of the term which he or she was originally sentenced.
an independent unit created to preform one or more related governmental functions at the local level.
mayor heads the citys administration, has the power to hire and fire employees and prepares the budget.
a form of municipal government in which voters elect a city council, which hires a city manager responsible for the day-to-day operations of the city
a zoning ordinance places each parcel of land in the city into one of three zones: residential, commercial, or industrial.
as the percentage of the population of a state living in cities of more than 250,00 people or in suburbs of cities with more than 50,00
levied on the income of individuals and/or corporations, yields almost a third of state revenues today.
unwritten, judge made law that has developed over centuries from those generally accepted ideas of right and wrong that have gained judicial recognition.
criminal case is one brought by the state against a person accused of committing a crime
portion of the law relating to human conduct, to disputes between private parties not covered in by criminal law
their original jurisdiction, where it exists, is limited to a few specific kinds of cases
petition of right
limited the kings power by demanding that the king not imprison political criitics without trial by jury.
english bill of rights
prohibited a standing army in peacetime, except with the consent of parliament and required that all parliamentary elections be free.
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