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Practice MC questions Ch 7
Terms in this set (45)
Which of the following statements regarding developed countries and developing countries is true?
Developed countries generally have safer water supplies.
The global human population is closest to which of the following?
Human population growth over the last 4,000 years can best be described as
The maximum population of a particular species that a given habitat can support over a given period of time:
If a nation has a growth rate 3.5 %, how many years will it take for the population to double in size?
In the equation, I = P A T, I represents:
environmental impact of a population
Dieback is not immediate after a population has overshot the carrying capacity because it takes time
For organisms to further deplete resources, become weaker, and for some to perish
I) Is the number of individuals of a given species that can be sustained indefinitely in a given space or area
II) Is a fixed quantity
III) Is typically not affected by seasonal fluctuations in food supply, water, hiding places, and nesting sites.
A country currently has a population of 200 million and an annual growth rate of 3.0%. If the growth rate remains constant, after 70 years, the population will be approximately:
In 1999, Australia had a crude birth rate of 14 and a crude death rate of 7. Based on these figures, the annual rate of increase or decrease, expressed as a percent, equals:
Determine the growth rate for a population of 100,000 people when there were 450 births, 80 deaths, 70 immigrants, and 40 emigrants in a given year:
Which of the following are considered the two most useful indicators of overall health in a country or region?
life expectancy and infant mortality rate
In the absence of high mortality, the major determining factor for population growth is________.
total fertility rate
In the demographic transition model, the specific transition that is associated with the declining death rates is known as the_____ transition.
Demographic Transition refers to:
The changes in the growth, birth rate, and death rate which a nation experiences as it goes through industrialization.
Zero population growth is associated with (graph)
phase I and IV
The rate of population growth starts to slow down at which point? (Graph)
the beginning of phase III
Which of the following is most likely the primary cause of high death rates in phase I? (Graph)
High infant and childhood mortality
In 1999, Denmark had a crude birth rate of 13 and a death rate of 11. Based on these figures, the annual rate of increase or decrease, expressed as a percent, would equal:
During the past 100 years, human population growth is primarily due to a ____ in the ____.
decrease; death rate
Which of the following statements is false?
Higher infant mortality rates are responsible for lower values of replacement-level fertility in developed countries.
Which country shows a rapid growth?
Which country shows slow growth?
A country that has a large base (pre-reproduction) and a small top section (post-reproduction) shows what type of growth?
A country that has a small base (pre-reproduction) and a larger top section (post-reproduction) shows what type of growth?
What factors decreased death rates?
increase food supply and distribution
improvements in medical and public health technology
safer water supplies
(all of above)
What factors decreased birth rates?
cost of raising children
drop in infant mortality
average age of women having children increasing
availability of birth control for women
(all of above)
The three largest countries in the world are:
China, India, United States
What are the environmental disadvantages of urbanization?
Lack of trees and food production and Citizens in cities tend to have more health problems
Currently there are 2535 members of the species. During the first year, 315 new members are added due to births and 87 members of the species die. How many members of the species will there be at the end of the year.
To support the growing human population, we have greatly modified earth's natural systems. All of the following are ways that humans have had a negative affect on earth EXCEPT:
Changes in population dynamics occur in response to:
environmental stress and changes in environmental conditions
All of the following occurred during the shift from hunting and gathering culture to agricultural societies except:
use of fire
Populations are dynamic and change in response to environmental stress or changes in environmental conditions. These changes include:
size of the population (number of individual)
density of the population
(all of the above)
Thailand has had success at slowing its population growth. In 1971, growth rate was 3.2% per year, in 1986 the rate was cut in half to 1.6%. Which one of the following does not explain why Thailand was able to decrease its population growth rate?
dictating that each couple could have only one child
The world population growth rate in 2015 is about 1%. It is expected to drop to 0.5% by 2050, partly because of increased access to birth control in developing nations. Another likely cause for the expected decline is
increasing numbers of women entering the workforce in developing nations.
Which of the following describes the changes in a country's demographics as it begins its transition from a preindustrial state to an industrial state?
Population increases rapidly, birth rate remains high, death rate decreases
Which of the following measures would be most likely to promote fertility above replacement level?
Public housing priority for families with more than two children
Replacement level fertility for a couple is
All of the following factors tend to cause women to have fewer children except
high infant mortality
The effects of the IPAT equation can only be offset by:
Old age support in developing countries is:
usually provided by adult children.
Which of the following is considered a physical form of contraception?
Which disease is having a severe negative impact on the population in sub-Saharan Africa in recent years?
Which of the following best expresses the concept of population momentum?
The impact of the present age structure on future population growth.
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