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ESL TERM 2 REVIEWER
Terms in this set (71)
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
First and largest category used to classify organisms
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile offspring. Lowest taxonomic level
The scientific study of how living things are classified
Father of taxonomy
A group of similar species
Group of closely related classes
Group of similar families
Group of genera that share many characteristics
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that do not contain peptidoglycan
Group of similar orders
kingdom of unicellular prokaryotes whose cell walls do not contain peptidoglycan
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls containing peptidoglycan
Most inclusive taxonomic category; larger than a kingdom
Kingdom of unicellular prokaryotes whose cell walls are made up of peptidoglycan
domain consisting of all organisms that have a nucleus; includes protists, plants, fungi, and animals
the body's largest artery
SUPERIOR VENA CAVA
bringing deoxygenated blood from the upper body to the heart
INFERIOR VENA CAVA
is a large vein that carries deoxygenated blood from the lower body to the heart.
carries deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs
Takes oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium
Oxygen-rich blood from the lungs enters this atrium through the pulmonary vein
receives deoxygenated blood from the superior and inferior vena cava
Receives oxygenated blood from the left atrium via the mitral valve and pumps it through the aorta
The chamber within the heart that is responsible for pumping oxygen-depleted blood to the lungs
prevents back flow of blood into the right atrium
permits blood to flow one way only, from the left atrium into the left ventricle
This valve is opened by the increased blood pressure of the ventricular systole
to prevent the regurgitation of blood from the aorta into the left ventricle during ventricular diastole
also called the forebrain; it performs functions like interpreting touch, vision and hearing; it is also responsible for speech, reasoning, emotions, learning, and fine control of movement
part of the brain that is involved in conscious thought and higher mental functions
part of the brain that controls memory storage area, emotion, hearing, and, on the left side, language
part of the brain that is involved in integrating sensory information
part of the brain responsible for processing visual data
part of the brain that is involved in some cognitive functions such as attention, language, emotional functions and in the processing of procedural memories
part of the CNS that is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column
external opening of the respiratory system that filters air
also known as the oral cavity
carry air from the trachea into the lungs
main organ of respiration; right side
main organ of respiration; left side
is the beginning of the digestive tract; and, in fact, digestion starts here when taking the first bite of food.
a muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
is behind the soft palate of the mouth and is below the nasopharynx. It serves as a passageway for food moving from the mouth to the esophagus and for air moving to and from the nasal cavity.
lower part of the pharynx, just below the oropharyngeal opening into the larynx and esophagus
A muscular and elastic sac that serves mainly to store food, break it up mechanically, and begin chemical digestion of proteins and fat.
Digestive organ where most chemical digestion and absorption of food takes place
A small, fingerlike extension of the vertebrate cecum; contains a mass of white blood cells that contribute to immunity.
the part of the large intestine that ascends from the cecum to the transverse colon
passes horizontally from right to left toward the spleen
portion of the colon that extends downward from the transverse colon
stores and concentrates bile
Regulates the level of sugar in the blood
A short tube at the end of the large intestine where waste material is compressed into a solid form before being eliminated
A muscular opening at the end of the rectum through which waste material is eliminated from the body
Transports oxygen, hormones, and nutrients to the body cells. Moves wastes and carbon dioxide away from cells.
Defend against infection and disease, moves lymph between tissues and the blood stream.
Digests foods and absorbs nutrients, minerals, vitamins, and water.
Produces hormones that communicate between cells.
Provides protection from injury and water loss, physical defense against infection by microorganisms, and temperature control.
Involved in movement and heat production.
Collects, transfers, and processes information.
Produces gametes (sex cells) and sex hormones.
Brings air to sites where gas exchange can occur between the blood and cells (around body) or blood and air (lungs).
Supports and protects soft tissues of body; produces blood cells; stores minerals.
Removes extra water, salts, and waste products from blood and body; controls pH; controls water and salt balance.
Defends against diseases.
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Classification of Organisms
ESL MS Science TERM 1 FULL
Classification of Organisms