How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

135 terms

English Final - All your vocab!

STUDY
PLAY
Ambiguous
Having two or more possible meanings or interpretations, with the correct choice difficult to determine.
Analogy
A comparison of one thing to another, based on their similarities in certain respects. Appeals mainly to a person's logic or intelligence, not the emotions or censes.
Ex: comparing the heart to a pump
Antithesis
The contrast of two ideas, often done by placing the two opposing parts side by side, or against one another; such as "Give me liberty or give me death."
Apostrophe
To address or speak directly to a personified thing or idea; also to directly address someone or something not present.
Ex: Rain, rain, go away. Come again some other day!
Cliche
An expression that seems dull, trite, and unimaginative because of long overuse, such as "brave as a lion." Some are accepted as colorful, colloquial sayings.
Colloquial
An expression of proper for everyday conversation but not for standard or formal writing or speech.
Figurative
Expressing ideas indirectly, such as by a comparison, metaphor, or other figure of speech.
Figure of speech
Any expressive use of language, such as metaphor, simile, antithesis, irony, and so on, that consists of words used in other than their literal sense.
Hyperbole
Obvious exaggeration that is intended for effect; an extravagant statement not meant to be taken literally; another type of figure of speech.
Ex: "I've been waiting here for an eternity."
Imagery
The use of language that directs its appeal to the five senses, asking readers to "see" or mentally picture the scene, person, or object written about. Might also appeal to senses of hearing, touch, smell, or taste.
Imply
To put or "weave" in an underlying meaning that is intended to be understood but is not openly expressed.
Infer
To "take out" or to draw a conclusion based on that which is implied, but not openly stated.
Interference
Something that is inferred.
Irony
A figure of speech that always contains the element of being the opposite of what someone would normally expect. These are three types: verbal, dramatic, and situation irony.
Literal
Meant to be taken as given; to be accepted at face value or primary meaning, not in a figurative sense.
Metaphor
A figure of speech that compares one object to another that is not obviously similar in an attempt to show the reader qualities that the secondary one shares with the subject of the comparison.
Personification
To give human qualities to a thing or creature that is not human.
Satire
Humor that makes fun of a serious situation.
Simile
A type of comparison or metaphor using "like" or "as".
Assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds without repetition of consonants.
Ex: icy night
Repetition
The act of repeating words or phrases in a literary work.
Onomatopoeia
The name of a thing or action by a vocal imitation of the sound associated with it
Ex: buzz, hiss
Alliteration
The repetition of initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words or syllables.
Mood
The expression of emotion in a literary work
Ex: wold and woolly
Tone
Style or manner of expression in speaking or writing.
Abstemious
(adj.) moderate, sparing (as in eating and drinking); characterized by abstinence and self-discipline
Accentuate
(v.) to emphasize, place stress on
Censurable
(adj.) deserving of blame or correction
Contingent
(adj.) likely but not certain to happen, possible; dependent on uncertain events or conditions
(n.) a representative group forming part of a larger body
Corroborate
(v.) to confirm, make more certain
Denizen
(n.) an inhabitant, resident; one who frequents a place
Discursive
(adj.) passing aimlessly from one subject to another, rambling
Disseminate
(v.) to scatter widely
Dowdy
(adj.) poorly dressed, shabby; lacking smartness and good taste
Florid
(adj.) highly colored, reddish; excessively ornate, overdecorated, showy
Foist
(v.) to impose by fraud; to pass off as worthy or genuine; to bring in by stealth, dishonesty, or coercion
Gauche
(adj.) awkward, lacking in social graces, tactless, clumsy
Heresy
(n.) an opinion different from accepted belief; the denial of an idea that is generally held sacred
Inculcate
(v.) to impress on the mind by repetition, each persistently and earnestly
Palpable
(adj.) capable of being touched or felt; easily seen, heard, or recognized
Perceptive
(adj.) having sympathetic insight or understanding, capable of keen appreciation
Pernicious
(adj.) extremely harmful; deadly, fatal
Quail
(v.) to shrink back in fear, lose heart in a difficult or dangerous situation
Salient
(adj.) prominent, standing out, conspicuous
(n.) a projection or bulge (often used in a military sense)
Satiate
(v.) to satisfy completely; to fill to excess
Sear
(v.) to make or become dry and withered; to char or scorch the surface of
Specious
(adj.) deceptive, apparently good or valid but lacking in real merit
Fortuitous
(adj.) accidental, happening by chance
Covert
(adj.) hidden, disguised, purposefully kept secret
Bedlam
(n.) a state or scene of uproar and confusion
Debonair
(adj.) pleasant, courteous, lighthearted; smooth and polished (in manners and appearance)
Annotation
(n.) a critical or explanatory note or comment, especially for a literary work
Gist
(n.) the essential part, main point, or essence of a matter
Efficacious
(adj.) effective, producing results
Accrue
(v.) to grow or accumulate in the course of time; to happen as a natural result
Dun
(v.) to demand insistently, especially payment of a debt
Equanimity
(n.) calmness, composure, refusal to panic
Antediluvian
(adj.) relating to or typical of ancient times; antiquated
Provocative
(adj.) tending to produce a strong feeling or response; arousing desire or appetite; irritating, annoying
Sedentary
(adj.) characterized by or calling for continued sitting; remaining in one place
Imperious
(adj.) overbearing, arrogant; seeking to dominate
Gratuitous
(adj.) freely given; not called for by circumstances, unwarranted
Procrastinate
(v.) to delay, put off until later
Recondite
(adj.) exceeding ordinary knowledge and understanding, profound, abstruse
Munificent
(adj.) extremely generous, lavish
Inimical
(adj.) unfriendly, hostile; harmful, unfavorable
Motley
(adj.) showing great diversity or variety; composed of different elements (especially in a discordant sense); of many colors
Invective
(n.) strong denunciation or condemnation; abusive language
Reprobate
(n.) a depraved, vicious, or unprincipled person, scoundrel; (adj.) wicked, corrupt, or unprincipled
Acrimonious
(adj)Stinging, bitter in temper or tone
Bovine
(adj)Resembling a cow or ox; sluggish, unresponsive
Conducive
(adj) tending to promote or assist, helpful, favorable
Consternation
(n.) dismay, confusion
Corpulent
(adj.) fat; having a large, bulky body
Disavow
(v.) to deny responsibility for or connection with
Dispassionate
(adj.) impartial; calm, free from emotion
Dissension
(n.) disagreement, sharp difference of opinion
Dissipate
(v) to scatter, dispel; to spend foolishly, squander; to be extravagent in pursuit of pleasure
Elan
(n) an enthusiastic vigor and liveliness, spirit; a flair
Expurgate
(v) to remove objectionable passages or words from a written text; to cleanse, purify
Gauntlet
(n.) an armored or protective glove; a challenge; two lines of men armed with weapons with which to beat a person forced to run between them; an ordeal
Hypothetical
(adj.) based on an assumption or guess; used as a provisional or tentative idea to guide or direct investigation
Ignoble
(adj.) mean, low, base
Impugn
(v.) to call into question; to attack as false
Intemperate
(adj.) immoderate, lacking in self-control
Odium
(n.) hatred, contempt; disgrace or infamy resulting from hateful conduct
Perfidy
(n.) faithlessness, treachery
Relegate
(v.) to place in a lower position; to assign, refer, turn over; to banish
Squeamish
(adj) easily shocked or upset; excessively fastidious or refined
Subservient
(adj.) subordinate in capacity or role; submissively obedient; serving to promote
Susceptible
(adj.) open to; easily influenced; lacking in resistance
Abate
(v.) to make less in amount, degree, etc.; to subside, become less
Adulation
(n.) praise or flattery that is excessive
Anathema
(n.) an object of intense dislike; a curse or strong denunciation (often used adjectivally without the article)
Astute
(adj.) shrewd, crafty, showing practical wisdom
Avarice
(n.) a greedy desire, particularly for wealth
Culpable
(adj.) deserving blame, worthy of condemnation
Dilatory
(adj.) not on time, not prompt; tending to delay
Egregious
(adj.) conspicuous, standing out from the mass (used particularly in an unfavorable sense)
Equivocate
(v.) to speak or act in a way that allows of more than one interpretation; to be deliberately vague or ambiguous
Evanescent
(adj.) vanishing, soon passing away, transient
Irresolute
(adj.) unable to make up one's mind, hesitating
Modicum
(n.) a small or moderate amount
Nebulous
(adj.) vague, confused, indistinct
Novice
(n.) one who is just a beginner at some activity requiring skill and experience (also used adjectivally)
Penury
(n.) extreme poverty; barrenness, insufficiency
Pretentious
(adj.) done for show, striving to make a big impression; claiming merit or position unjustifiably
Recapitulate
(v.) to review a series of facts; to sum up in an orderly way
Resuscitate
(v.) to revive, bring back to consciousness or existence
Slovenly
(adj.) untidy, dirty, careless about one's appearance
Succinct
(adj.) expressed briefly and clearly
Supposition
(n.) something that is assumed or taken for granted without conclusive evidence
Torpid
(adj.) inactive, sluggish, dull
Austere
(adj.) severe or stern in manner; without adornment or luxury; simple, harsh
Beneficent
(adj.) performing acts of kindness or charity; conferring benefits, doing good
Cadaverous
(adj.) pale, gaunt, resembling a corpse
Concoct
(v.) to prepare by combining ingredients, make up (as a dish); to devise, invent
Crass
(adj.) coarse, unfeeling; stupid
Debase
(v.) to lower in character, quality, or value; to degrade, adulterate
Desecrate
(v.) to commit sacrilege; to treat irreverently, profane; violate the sanctity of
Desist
(v.) to cease doing something, forbear
Disconcert
(v.) to confuse; to disturb the composure of, to put into confusion
Grandiose
(adj.) grand in an impressive or stately way; marked by pompous affectation or grandeur, absurdly exaggerated
Inconsequential
(adj.) trifling, unimportant, insignificant
Infraction
(n.) a breaking of a law or obligation
Mitigate
(v.) to make milder or softer, to moderate in force or intensity
Pillage
(v.) to rob of goods by open force (as in war), plunder
(n.) the act of looting; booty
Prate
(v.) to talk a great deal in a foolish or aimless fashion
Punctilious
(adj.) very careful and exact, attentive to find points of etiquette or propriety
Redoubtable
(adj.) inspiring fear or awe, formidable, illustrious, eminent
Reprove
(v.) to find fault with, scold, rebuke
Restitution
(n.) the act of restoring something to the rightful owner, making good for loss or damage
Stalwart
(adj.) strong and sturdy, brave; resolute
(n.) a strong supporter
Stipend
(n.) a fixed sum of money paid periodically for services or to defray expenses; a salary or allowance
Vulnerable
(adj.) open to attack; capable of being wounded or damaged; unprotected