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BJU Elements of Literature Unit 4 Test
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Terms in this set (47)
Cleghorn's poem "The Golf Links Lie So Near the Mill" conveys it's theme primarily through what type of irony?
The main theme of "Jade Flower Palace" is that
The future is unpredictable
Tu Fu uses ________ to sum up this theme at the end of his poem to make his reader reflect.
A rhetorical question
The pivotal (situational) irony of the plot of "The Grave Grass Quivers" centers on
The donation of a plot of land.
Doc Martindale's initial comments about Eli Goble's tracking knowledge form an example of
"Scylla Toothless" forms an example of which two of the following techniques? (litotes, understatement, pun, hyperbole)
Understatement and hyperbole
"Letter from a West Texas Constituent" best exemplifies what type of irony?
The real message of the letter (West Texas) is that
Government farm subsidies are illogical and wasteful
In "A Considerable Speck (Microscopic)," Frost characterizes the "speck" using what type of imaginative comparison?
What type of irony does Frost use overall in the poem? (Speck)
The general tone of the essay "The Day the Dam Broke" is best described as
The poem "Earth" is an example of (litotes, pun, sarcasm)
"At the Aquarium" forms an example of what type of irony?
The Screwtape Letters as a whole exemplifies
Screwtape refers to the peaks and troughs of human life as the law of
Generally speaking, Screwtape least understands
A type of irony that takes the form of mock praise
sarcasm- "I'm sorry-did the middle of my sentence interrupt the beginning of yours?"
Expressing a positive statement by denying its opposite
Litotes - it wasn't a terrible trip
The representation of something as less important than it truly is
understatement - 2020 was interesting
Correct of ridicule of some object usually outside of the literature itself
A type of obvious overstatement used to make a point
hyperbole - Mrs. Everett called me a tech genius (I'm far from that)
Brief phrases combining contradictory elements for effect
Oxymoron - act naturally
Type of wordplay that creates a double meaning by using words that are identical or similar in sound but different meaning
Pun - she never developed her photographic memory
Define verbal irony.
Verbal irony occurs when a speaker's actual meaning differs from what he or she directly express in words.
Define structural irony.
Structural irony is a kind of sustained verbal irony (based on an overarching feature of a work) that generates two layers of meaning, one literal and one implied, throughout the entire work. Personal has opposite view of the author.
How are situational irony and dramatic irony similar, and how do they differ?
Both deal with a violation of expectations; what readers or audience members clearly expect to happen does not happen. Dramatic irony, however, occurs when readers are aware of a significant change in events or circumstances, but a character remains unaware and continues to operate on old assumptions.
What irony does Cleghorn point out in "The Golf Links Lie So Near the Mill," and what response does she want from her audience?
She points out that, in an ironic reversal of rules, children who are overworked in factories can look out the factory window and watch rich men playing golf. She wants her audience to be indignant at the factory owners who take such a vantage of children.
Describe the main irony of "Jade Flower Palace." What kind of irony is it?
The irony of the poem is that a once-great king and his palace are now nothing but ruins. All his greatness has melted before the passing of time. The poem employees situational irony.
Who is the main target of Frost's irony in "A Considerable Speck (Microscopic)"?
He targets people who, at least to his mind, do not show intelligent or clear thinking in their writing.
What type of irony is illustrated throughout the whole of Thurber's essay "The Day the Dam Broke"? Explain your answer.
The essay contains dramatic irony throughout. Beginning in the first paragraph, readers know that the dam has not broken, but the characters do not.
How does the toner Wheelock's "Earth" amplify the message of the poem?
Readers react almost automatically with a kind of protest when the Martian astronomer maintains such a matter-of-fact tome about such a horrific topic. That reaction heightens the emotional impact of the poem's underlying message.
Explain the irony in theme of Eastman's "At the Aquarium."
Eastman creates irony by unexpectedly reversing perspective partway through the poem. He first describes the fish in an aquarium from the perspective of human observers. Then he suddenly pivots into describing the people from the fish's perspective. In doing so, he shows clear, though unexpected, similarities between the two perspectives.
Irony is rarely use because it is frequently misunderstood.
Many examples of foreshadowing are later seem to be ironic.
In "Jade Flower Palace," Tu Fu creates a primarily eerie atmosphere.
False - thoughtful
In "The Grave Grass Quivers," structural irony leads to the resolution of a crime.
False - situational irony
The resolution of "The Grave Grass Quivers" conforms to a biblical worldview
"Scylla Toothless" is primarily humorous in tone.
Thurber wrote his essay "The Day the Dam Broke" as a critique of society.
Lewis's the Screwtape letters is an example of satire.
Screwtape leads his victims of straight primarily through argument and reason.
The speakers of "Jade Flower Palace" and "At the Aquarium" both observe certain ironies about human life. Contrast the tone of these observations. How does this tonal difference affect the theme of each poem? Which is closer to a biblical perspective??
In "Jade Flower Palace," the speaker observes a once glorious palace in ruins and notes that all the power and wealth that its ruler once had has passed away. His tone is one of gentle morning for the fact that for humans the future is uncertain. Eastman's poem also notes the uncertainty of man's life. However, this speaker takes a more detached tone, seeming less invested in the human race. He thinks that man and animals are really not very different. To him, the uncertainty of life means that man has no unique purpose. His matter-of-fact tone seems much more bleak and hopeless than the sadness of TunFu's speaker. After all, if we are just animals, what is there to mourn?
"Jade Flower Palace" is closer to a biblical worldview. Though it does not portray the biblical answers to the problem it ponders, the poem does accurately show the uncertainty of life in a fallen world from a human perspective. "At the Aquarium," on the other hand, suggest a clearly unbiblical view of humans in which they are indistinct from animals in their basic nature, purpose, and value.
How does Lewis's choice of a narrator for the Screwtape letters affect the tone in themes of his work?
Lewis's use of a fallen angel as the narrator affects the tone and message in several ways. First, it allows for subtle satire. Screwtape's amusement at and easy dismissal of humans and their flaws strike a nerve in us, allowing us to see how easily we succumb to temptations and prompting us to examine ourselves. We may laugh at his insightful comments on human nature, but we also cringe in recognition at times. Second, it emphasizes the importance of Lewis's message: beings like Screwtape mean to have our souls, and that fact should goad us into thoughtful self-examination of our spiritual condition. Third, it elevates the wonderful nature of God. His love and care for us are beyond the capacity of the Selfish and grasping Screwtape to understand. Finally, it allows for Hope and humor. Screwtape is obviously limited. He does not understand God's nature, and he cannot stop God's purposes. As Screwtape himself admits, God is always ready to help his children when they ask. Screwtape struggle to understand what is obvious to us (God's love) at times provides welcome humor.
Does irony work off of implied meanings?
Yes - verbal irony- you don't say what you really mean. Situational irony - we know what should have happened, but didn't- the shock is implied.
Can irony violate a reader's expectations?
Yes, situational irony exactly demonstrates the reverse of our expectations.
Does irony mean coincidence?
No - coincidence may produce, by chance, results which were unexpected, but it does not literally do the opposite of what was expected.
Relationship between irony and paradox
Irony underscores paradox - makes a paradox evident: The first will be last and the last will be first.
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