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Psychology Exam 1
Terms in this set (55)
Psychology is best defined as:
The science that seeks to understand behavior and mental processes and to apply that understanding in the service of human warfare
Betty was initially taking a psychoactive drug to help her lose weight and stay awake in class. Unfortunately, she had begun to experience restlessness and sleeplessness. Kate is experiencing the effects of prolonged use of
What research topic would lend itself best to naturalistic observation?
Behaviorism (describing play among children in a kindergarten class (observing in natural setting))
Which of the following research designs is characterized by an effort to keep all variables constant except for variable being manipulated and the variable being measure?
Neurotransmitters are _____________ that travel across the ____________ to
The nervous system has two major components: the __________ and ____________ nervous systems.
Several conditions have been successfully treated with marijuana. Which of the following conditions is not?
The bundle of fibers that connects the two hemispheres of the brain is specifically known as the:
Aileen notices an attractive guy that she met the evening before. Her heart beats faster and her palms become sweaty. Apparently, the ______________ division of Aileen's ____________ nervous system has become activated
The three major subdivisions of the brain are:
Hindbrain ==> Cerebellum
Midbrain ==> Brainstem
Forebrain ==> Cerebral
Smell appear to be particularly effective retrieval cues for memory. This relationship is most likely due to direct neuronal connections between which two brain areas?
Amygdala and Hippocampus
What is the most highly developed portion of the human brain?
Ricardo has been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease. Ricardo most likely has a problem with his _________________ neurotransmitter system.
The role of the corpus callosum is to:
Transport signals between both sides of the brain / connect the left+right hemisphere of the brain
As a signal travels from one neuron to another, it is received by the _________ and carried to the cell body; from here, the signal is carried through the ________.
Which of the following people is most likely experiencing REM sleep?
Mei Ling whose body is paralyzed by her stage of sleep
______________ contain the neurotransmitters that are released into the synapse.
Synoptic know, axon
Both Schizophrenia and Parkinson's disease have been linked to the neurotransmitter:
Darrin had gradually increased his intake of opiates and amphetamines over a period of time to obtain the same effect. This is called:
Dissociative identity disorder is a rare mental disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct personalities. Psychologists studying this rare disorder would be most likely to use:
Multiple Sclerosis is a disease in which the immune system mistakenly destroys some of the myelin wrapped around nerve cell fibers. Which nerve cell fibers are being attacked by this process?
Psychologist who focus their research on processes like decision making, problem solving, and imagination would most likely be considered?
According to the humanistic approach to psychology, a person's behavior is determined by:
their perception of the world
Sensation consists of ________________ and perceptions consist of ______________.
collecting raw information about the environment;
interpreting environmental information
If your reticular formation were constantly stimulated, you would most likely experience:
The visual cliff is used to study ___________ perception in infants.
As light passes through the eye, it takes which of the following paths?
Cornea, pupil, lens, retina, optic nerve, brain, occipital lobe
Jen has sustained a brain injury and now has great difficulty organizing her speech. Often she speaks in incomplete sentences with each word coming out very slowly. Jen has most likely suffered damage to
Dion suddenly became dizzy and had great difficulty keeping his balance. These symptoms are most likely being caused by changes in which sensory system?
sensory motor control
According to the gate control theory of pain, what should you do after you stub your toe?
Hit something else like your hand, or shake your foot to distract the nerves from sending messages to pain of the toe to your brain
Consciousness is best defined as the:
Subjective awareness of our thoughts, experiences and self awareness / moment-to-moment subjective experiences
The "blind-spot" of the eye is the result of a(n):
The spot where your optic nerve connects to your retina has no light-sensitive cells
Since there are no photoreceptors (cones and rods) where the optic nerve exits the eyeball, this are of the retina cannot respond to light stimulation. As a result, it is known as the "Blind spot"
Jacob is dreaming. If this is all the information that you have, you can state that Jacob:
in REM sleep
Structuralism is most associated with:
Edward Thitchener and Wilhelm Wundt
Experiments are important for examining _______ relationships between or among variables:
During a typical night's sleep, a sleeper will cycle through the sleep states _______ times, with each cycle lasting about _______ minutes.
Julie suffers from a condition in which she is constantly awakened because she stops breathing when she sleeps. Julie probably suffers from:
You might say Sally has some problems. She cannot hear or see, nor can she feel touch, temperature, or pain on her skin. After a doctor's examination, it is discovered that Sally has a normal sense of smell. Most likely, Sally has brain damage in her
thalamus / parietal lobe
Which of the following statements about hypnosis is true? When people are hypnotized:
Hypnosis is in part an extension of the division between conscious awareness and automatic behavior
Dr. Flynn's specialty is psychopharmacology. This means that he studies:
The effects drugs have on mood, sensation, thinking and behavior (psychoactive drugs)
William decided to try introspection as a way to study mental processes. Which of the approaches to the study of consciousness was he following?
Alcohol and heroin are similar in that both:
Are depressant drugs (opiates) / slow down mental and physical activity
In REM sleep, the EEG resembles that of a person who is awake and mentally active, but:
the person's muscle tone decreases to the point of virtual paralysis
Which of the following conditions would be most difficult for a race car driver to develop?
Dave suffers a stroke that destroys the connection between the reticular formation and the rest of his brain. Dave will most likely:
Be in a permanent coma (if severe)
Disrupted sleep patterns, fatigue, and erectile dysfunction (if not severe)
Rick has learned to need a certain drug in order to feel confident. He is _______________ this drug.
dependent (addicted to)
During an intense game of volleyball, Jake slipped and banged his knee on the floor. "Ouch!" he cried. He wished his brain would produce more:
endorphins (pain control)
Which of the following drugs has been successfully used to treat health problems such as asthma, glaucoma, epilepsy, and nausea from cancer chemotherapy?
The prediction that "bright colors will make people happier" is called a(n)
Which of the following is not a part of the peripheral nervous system?
The spinal cord, it is part of the central nervous system not peripheral
Alzheimer's disease is:
A progressive and irreversible brain disorder characterized by gradual deterioration of memory, reasoning, language, and finally, physical functioning (THE HIPPOCAMPUS IS AFFECTED)
After an evil scientist destroys part of Richard's brain, Richard finds that he is constantly hungry, and he heats much more than before. The scientist destroyed his:
Jake has decided to buy a new stereo that produces high-quality sound so that he can pick out all the individual instruments when listening to his CD's. In Jake's stereo purchase he is most concerned about the ______________ of the sound that it produces.
timbering and pitch
Papillae are important __________ for the sense of ___________.
During a typical night's sleep you would expect to experience dream cycles
about five times
Recommended textbook explanations
Carolyn Seefer, Mary Ellen Guffey
Cengage Advantage Books: Cognitive Psychology
E Bruce Goldstein, Robert Hershberger
A Concise Introduction To Logic (Mindtap Course List)
Lori Watson, Patrick J. Hurley
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
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