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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Unit 6 Review
Terms in this set (33)
1. Why did runaway slaves go to Canada?
The Fugitive Slave Act kept them at risk in the U.S.
2. The abolitionist movement, the women's suffrage movement, and the civil rights movement of the 1960s all had what in common?
All had support from lots of people.
3. "By the 1850's, the Constitution, originally framed as an instrument of national unity, had become a source of sectional discord." This quotation suggests that
vast differences of opinion existed over the issue of States rights
Why did slavery expand in the South and not the North? plantations.
Geographic conditions in the South encouraged the development of large
5. In what ways did abolitionists support slaves who escaped the South?
They supported the Underground Railroad. The North passed "Personal Liberty Laws" which protected free slaves, and they organized safe houses for runaway slaves
7. What was the reason for the sectional differences in the United States prior to the Civil War?
The economic conditions, as well as the economic interests in each region varied.
8. Why were Northerners so opposed to the Fugitive Slave Act created by the Compromise of 1850?
They thought it gave commissioners too much power and was unfair to slaves by giving them a trial without a jury.
9. Why was the Compromise of 1850 significant?
It ended the balance between free and slave states in the Union.
10. "Compromise Enables Maine and Missouri To Enter Union" (1820) "California Admitted to Union as Free State" (1850) "Kansas-Nebraska Act Sets Up Popular Sovereignty" (1854)
What is the issue is reflected in these headlines?
Extension of slavery
11. What compromise did the Kansas-Nebraska Act overturn?
The Missouri Compromise.
12. What argument did President Lincoln use against the secession of the Southern States?
The government was a union of people not of states.
13. What was President Lincoln's justification for the Civil War?
His oath of office required him to defend and preserve the Union.
Before the Civil War, slavery expanded in the South because...
geographic conditions in the South encouraged the development of large plantations
Prior to the Civil War, abolitionists reacted advertisements about runaway slaves by...
supporting the Underground Railroad
Geographically, how did maps depict the Unites States in 1860?
A nation divided.
What was the significance of the Compromise of 1850?
It ended the balance between free and slave states in the Union
At the beginning of his term of office, Lincoln declared that his primary goal as President was to
preserve the Union
"A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave
and half free." Abraham Lincoln, 1858. According to this quotation, Lincoln believed...
sectional differences threatened to destroy the Union
The map for the election of 1860 clearly reflects...
According to casualty reports for the Civil War, more men died from...
disease than from battle wounds
The Civil War affected the Northern economy because...
the war stimulated industrialization
The rapid growth of the Northern economy was further stimulated by Civil War because of...
increased government demand for many products
The North believe they needed to maintain control of the Border States during the Civil War because...
Control of the Border States would have given the South access to much needed
centers of industry
One Union advantage over the Confederacy during the war was...
The Union had a better funded treasury
One advantage the South had over the North in the Civil War was...
Experienced military leadership
A major result of the Civil War was...
The Federal Government's power over the States was strengthened
The role of African-Americans during the Civil War was...
Emancipation Proclamation increased African-American enlistments in the North
The impact of the Emancipation Proclamation during the war was...
The slaves of the Confederacy were freed.
The violence in Kansas in the 1850's can was an ideological conflict between...
The free labor manufacturing economy and a slave based agricultural economy
One reason the southern was dissatisfied concerning the Missouri Compromise was
Their belief that future states established in new territory would upset the balance of power in Congress.
The United States Congress during the Civil War...
adopted a tariff, a homestead law, and a transcontinental railroad
Stephen Douglas' idea of popular sovereignty was...
The status of slavery in a territory would be determined by the voters in the territory.
The regional economic differences during the mid-nineteenth century between North and South reflected...
The North specialized in manufactured goods, and the South specialized in cotton
Recommended textbook explanations
HMH Social Studies American History: Reconstruction to the Present Guided Reading Workbook
The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21st Century (California Edition)
Gerald A. Danzer, J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry S. Krieger, Louis E. Wilson, Nancy Woloch
The American Vision: Modern Times (California)
Alan Brinkley, Albert S. Broussard, Donald A. Ritchie, James M. McPherson, Joyce Appleby
United States History: Reconstruction to the Present (Indiana)
Alan Taylor, Emma J. Lapsansky-Werner, Michael Roberts, Peter B. Levy
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