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GEOG 1303 Final
Terms in this set (133)
Based on lecture, what does GIS stand for?
Geographic Information Systems
What is the synthetic number that measures the fertility of statistically fictitious, yet average group of women moving through childbearing years?
Total fertility rate
Global to local
___ forces may be primary driver of globalization but consequences affect all aspects of land and life.
Which view of globalization views it as logical and inevitable expansion of capitalism; promotes growth and development; and will result in economic convergence.
Lines of latitude, called parallels, run east-west and used to locate north or south of the equator.
Lines of longitude, called meridians, run north-south and used to locate places east or west of the prime meridian.
Mathematical ratio between map and surface area being mapped
Remote sensing derives information from electromagnetic images taken from aircraft or satellites.
Challenges by rebellious and separatist groups within a state is
Topography refers to the relief of the Earth's surface; affects weather and climate in two ways - cooler temperatures associated with higher elevations and topography influences precipitation patterns.
Where two or more plates collide
Convergent Plate Boundary
Where two plates move past one another; transform fault
Transform plate boundary
Where two or more plates move away from one another
Divergent Plate Boundary
Where one plate sinks below another
Human activities have zero link to weather and climate
What percentage of the Earth's surface is covered by water?
Global energy demand is forecast to increase ____ by 2030
About 90% of population is found within ____ miles of the US border.
Refers to oil and gas mining technique that forces oil and gas out of shale rock
Water access is even, as it is available to anyone no matter gender, social status, or economic status
Bioregion types include
Mediterranean, tropical rain forest, tropical savanna, tundra
The United States announced its intent to withdraw from the ____ 2015 agreement involving 195 countries, each with their own plan to reduce their GHGs and establish a fund to help poorer countries.
Which North American movement is described: Since the 20th century, many people have moved to southern states, including Florida, Texas, Georgia, and North Carolina
Sun Belt Growth
Prior to the arrival of Europeans, peoples had settled in the region at least ____ years ago.
North America possesses the world's most powerful economy and its most affluent population.
In phase 3, immigrants largely originated from?
Southern & Eastern Europe
The processes of globalization and accelerated urban and economic growth have transformed the region's
landforms, soils, vegetation, climate
North America is a region of immigrants; over time, varied immigrant groups have produced a culturally diverse landscape.
Many recent natural disasters and environmental hazards indicate close connections between physical setting and human settlement.
This is a relatively young mountain range stretching from northwestern Venezuela and ending at Tierra del Fuego
What are the 3 great river basins of this region
Amazon, Plata, Orinoco
The Amazon Basin is the largest river system in the world by volume and area; second largest in length
Tierra Caliente, Tierra Templada, Tierra Fria, and Tierra Helada are all examples of
What are the three major shields in South America?
Brazilian, Patagonian, Guiana
Historically in this region, control of land was basis for political and economic power
The collapse of indigenous societies with an overall mortality rate of about ___ through introduced diseases and war.
The Columbian Exchange refers to the exchange of ____ and ____ between Latin America and Europe following colonization
Dollarization is a process by which a country adopts, in whole or in part, the ______ dollar as it's official currency
The Greater Antilles consist of Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic and _____
CARICOM monitors the threat of climate change. What is CARICOM?
Caribbean Community and Common Market
Society of runaway slaves known as ____
____ is popular, but ____ is the dominant sport for much of the Caribbean
Hispaniola is shared by Haiti and Dominican Republic
The Caribbean was the first region of the Americas to be extensively explored and colonized by ____
While climate change is a medium- and long-term concern, other environmental issues are more immediately pressing: ______ and ______ are especially important.
Soil erosion; deforestation
Population density is quite high throughout the region; ____ of the population is located in the Greater Antilles.
The Caribbean diaspora was large-scale ____ in the 1950s because of limited economic opportunities.
In general, Africa south of the Sahara is poorer, more rural, and its population is much younger when compared to other worlds regions
Godwana is an ancient mega continent that included
Australia, Antarctica, South America, Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Madagascar
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITIES) was imposed in 1989 to ban _____ trade.
2/3 of people living with HIV/AIDS are in Africa
A blood and bodily fluid disease that transmits with direct contact had its largest outbreak in 2014-2015 centered in West Africa.
In this region, 75% of agricultural labor is from ____
As foreign direct investment is increasing, ____ is emerging as a leading investor in the region.
Corruption is prevalent throughout the region. Many states have been defined as kleptocracy - states in which corruption is institutionalized.
Of the 6 language groups, how many are unique to the region?
Which country is the musical center of West Africa?
Southwest Asia and North Africa is a complex region sometimes called the ____
Southwest Asia and North Africa define the heart of the ____ and ____ worlds
____ originated in Southwest Asia, forming another hearth of global significance.
Both Jews and Christians trace their religious roots to the eastern Mediterranean; both continue to play key roles although neither group is numerically dominant.
Islam is divided into two main branches: _____ and _____
Sunnis and Shiites
Sports have assumed an important cultural role within the region; soccer is most prevalent. What country in the region will host the 2022 World Cup?
In the Arab Springs rebellions, governments fell in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, and Yemen
OPEC continues to influence global oil and gas prices. What does OPEC stand for?
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
Iraq continues to experience political instability and conflict following the US-led Iraq War in ____
Europe includes all of the European Union and most of NATO but excludes ____, _____, and other parts of the former Soviet Union which appears as an east-west pattern.
What are the four general topographic and land form regions?
Western highlands, the alpine mountain system, the European lowland, central uplands
____ of population speak Germanic, Romance, or Slavic Languages
Romance languages include
Spanish, French, Italian
The region is experiencing profound cultural change; some refer to "New Europe" of integration and unification; others refer to ethic discrimination and racism.
What is Europe's national sport?
Which two wars reshaped geopolitical map of 20th century Europe?
WWI and WWII
In 1999, ___ of the 15 EU member states formed the European Monetary Union - to use common currency
The Eurozone Debt Crisis was caused by two problems: 1) weak economies that received cheap credit and 2) inability of governments because of the EMU to adjust currency by inflation or deflation
Europe is a ____ region - even landlocked states have access to oceans through extensive network of rivers and canals
Russian domain provides world's smallest example of high-latitude continental climate
Issues of safety were often ignored; widespread use of nuclear ____ for seismic experiments, oil exploration, and dam building have resulted in nuclear contamination.
Most Russians, Belarusians, and Ukrainians share ____ Orthodox Christianity.
In this region, women are usually better educated but receive less wages.
Russia's ____ industry remains one of the strongest economic links between region global economy
oil & gas
The Post-Soviet economy includes fundamental changes of a mixed economy of ____ operations and ____ enterprises
Soviet President _____ initiated policy of glasnost - greater openness which lead to demands among republics for independence.
About ____ of Russia's population claim Russian linguistic identity
Younger generation from 1980s turned to ____ for inspiration; collapse of Soviet Union brought inrush of global cultural influences - dress, film, dance, literature
The ___ Mountains mark European Russia's eastern edge
Central Asia is an extensive region in the center of the Eurasian continent: it is composes of eight countries ________, the region also includes China's far west
Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan
The region lacks access to the ocean: has harsh, continental climate; high mountains, extensive plateaus
Prior to the 20th century this was world's fourth largest lake - not it is one of the world's worse environmental catastrophes
The country had Soviet Invasion in 1978, arrival of the Taliban in 1995-1996 and was invaded by the United States in 2001 as part of the War on Terror.
Women in Afghanistan live highly liberal lives and are supported by the Taliban attitude of equality
Some areas experience growth in economy if connected to ____ economy
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization is composed of which 6 countries?"
China, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan
The breakup of ____ helped to reestablish Central Asia as world region
East Asia was the most populous region of the world and remains a major demographic unit with over ___ of the world's population
Japan is vulnerable to both earthquakes and tsunamis
Major dam constructed on the Yangtze River completed in 2006.
Three Gorges Dam
Japan has reached population increase, and efforts to limit birth rates have been unsuccessful
China has made significant efforts to develop the ____ to halt southward expansion of desert.
Great Green Wall
This country initially adopted Chinese characters, but in 1400s created its own alphabet.
Mahayana Buddhism is most important culturally unifying belief in East Asia
The Korean Peninsula divided into two during which war?
South Korea allied with ___ after separation from communist North Korea
The United States
Social problems in Japan include discrimination and high stress levels
According to the notes, South Asia includes India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, and ___
___ are distinct seasonal change of wind direction that corresponds to wet and dry periods.
South Asia has approximately ____ cities with a population greater than one million
This city is the largest city in South ASia and serves as India's financial, industrial, and commercial center
India is a non-secular country and Hinduism is decreasingly promoted as part of Indian society.
Hinduism is a faith based on a single system of belief
Although Illegal, sex-selective abortion is widely practiced
The sex trade has evolved from a US military connection towards an East European criminal connection
Major struggle remains between ____ and ____; both are nuclear powers
Pakistan and India
What is the most widely spoken language of South Asia?
This country lacks necessary infrastructure and is hindered by rugged terrain and isolation
In the past, the Philippines was most highly developed in the region; but declined in part of ____ and crony capitalism
According to the notes, the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea are claimed in part or whole by
Vietnam, Brunei, China, Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan
Radical Islamic fundamentalism is on the rise in the region, ____ is prominent and seeks creation of a single Islamic state over much of the region
This organization was formed initially as alliance of non socialist countries; on friendly terms with the United States but one function is to prevent the United States from undue influence
The most serious geopolitical problems in the region occur within rather than between states
Vietnam is the world's ___ largest coffee producer
____ is playing a major role in deforestation of the region with international commercial logging and farming
Select the four main islands of Indonesia
Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi
New Zealand is volcanic in origin and consists of two main islands: the ___ Island and the ___ Island
Australia's rate of skin cancer is among the highest in the world
In the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) a country has economic control over all resources - including fisheries
Members of the US ____ are deployed in northern Australia as part of previous ANZUS agreements and American policy ASia Pivot
Rugby, cricket, and netball are all popular sports in the region. In recent years, many young men from the Pacific Islands have been recruited on ___ scholarships to the United States.
This type of diet is the mixing of culinary types and some unhealthy trends that have resulted in high obesity rates in some places
____ separation of Australia has provided ____ isolation
The Great Barrier Reef is off the ___ coast of Australia
The insular region is commonly divided into three sub-regions: polynesia, melanesia, and micronesia
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