Upgrade to remove ads
Contemporary SOC Theory chapter 5
Terms in this set (25)
To Marx, secondary social phenomena, like the state and culture, that are erected on an economic base that serves to define them. Most extremely, the economy determines that superstructure.
To Marx, the economy, which conditions, if not determines, the nature of everything else in society.
To the critical theorists, industries such as movies and radio that were serving to make culture a more important factor in society than the economy.
The culture ( radio quiz shows) that had been made available to, and popular among, the masses.
To Herbert Marcuse, the breakdown in the dialectical relationship between people and the larger structures so that people are largely controlled by such structures. Lost is the ability of people to create and to be actively involved in those structures. Gradually, individual freedom and creativity dwindle away into nothingness, and people lose the capacity to think critically and negatively about the structures that control and oppress them.
Concrn with being efficient, with simply finding the best means to an end without reflecting on either the means or the end.
To the critical theorist, those entities in society concerned with knowledge production and dissemination, especially research institutes and universities, Like the culture industry, these settings achieved a large measure of autonomy within society, which allowed them to redefine themselves. Instead of serving the interests of society as a whole, they have come to focus on their own interests; this mean that they are intent on expanding their influence over society.
People assess the choice of means to ends in terms of ultimate human values such as justice, freedom and happiness.
Irrationality of rationality
The idea that rational system inevitable spawn a series of irrationalities.
Spaces built in natural locations that embody religious and political principles. ultimately these spaces the interests of interests of political and religious elites.
The kind of space produced when separate nations vie with one another for power and the accumulation of wealth.
The kind of space produced whithin modern capitalist society. It dominates nature and all unique human forms.
A hoped- for space that accentuates difference and freedom from control; it would restore the natural unity that is broken by abstract space.
Abroad economic entity with division of labor that is not circumscribed by political or cultural boundaries. It is a social system, composed internally of a variety of social structures and member groups, that is largely self-contained, has a set of boundaries, and has a difinable life span.
The geographical area hat dominates the capitalist world-economy and exploits the rest of the system.
Those areas of the capitalist world-economy that provide raw materials to the core and are heavily exploited by it.
A residual category in the capitalist world-economy that encompasses set of regions somewhere between the exploiting and the exploited.
Social processes involving the interweaving of people who are seen as open and interdependent. Power is central to social figurations; they are constantly in flux. Figurations emerge and develop, but in largely unseen and unplanned ways.
The chain of relatioships involving those people that a person is dependent on as well as those people's dependency on the person.
To habermas, the structures (such as the family, the legal system, the state, and the economy) that have their source within the lifeworld, but which come to develop their own idtinctive existence and to grow increasingly distant and separated from the lifeworld.
Colonization of the lifeworld
As the system and its structures grow increasingly differentiated, complex, and set-sufficient, their power grows and with it their ability to direct and control what transpires in the lifeworld.
Ideal speech situation
A speech situation that is free of all distorting influences, especially power; one in which the better argument wins out rather than the one that is contest of ideas as to what is the truth; truth arises from consensus and not because it is a copy of reality.
Giddens's methophor for the moder world as a masssive force that moves forward inexorably riding roughshod over everything in its path. People steer the juggernaut, but it always has the possibility of careening out of control.
The tendency for various components of the modern juggernaut to grow quite distant from us in space and time.
risks strike back on the upper classes and rich nations most responsible for their production.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
sociology test guide
SOC 483 History of Social Thought
Intro to sociology chapter 1-3
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Contemporary Sociological Theory
Contemporary Sociological Theory and its Classical…
oceanography and climate
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
GEOG 1101 final
Human Geo Terms Chapter 4
Geography Exam 1