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80 terms

Chapter 12: Treatment Of The Hair And Scalp

STUDY
PLAY
The main purpose of shampoo is to:
Cleanse The Hair & Scalp
Shampoo products should be selected according to the:
Condition of the Client's Hair & Scalp
The condition of the hair & scalp is most influenced by the shampoo product's:
Acidity or Alkalinity
Solutions that shrink, constrict, & harden the cuticle scales usually have an:
Acidic pH Level
Solutions that soften, swell, or expand the cuticle scales usually have an:
Alkaline pH Level
Shampoo products are usually manufactured in the form of:
Emulsions
The usual pH range of shampoos is:
4.5-7.5
The two main ingredients in a shampoo product are:
Water & Surfactants
The portion of the shampoo molecule that attracts water & repels dirt is the:
Head
The portion of the shampoo molecule that attracts dirt & repels water is the:
Tail
Base detergents of shampoos include:
Anionics, Cationics, Nonionics, & Ampholytes
An anionic surfactant that is used to create a milder shampoo is:
Sodium Laureth Sulfate
Cocamide is one of the most widely used:
Nonionic Surfactants
Surfactants that may be included in dandruff shampoos are usually:
Cationic
A type of surfactant that is used in several baby shampoos is most likely an:
Ampholyte
The type of shampoo that is very effective in reducing dandruff is the:
Therapeutic Medicated Shampoo
A shampoo formulated to prevent the stripping of permanent hair color from hair is an:
Acid-Balanced Shampoo
Shampoos that are designed for oily hair & scalp are often:
Balancing Shampoos
Shampoo products designed to cut through product buildup are usually:
Clarifying Shampoos
Mild cream shampoos that contain humectants are known as:
Moisturizing Shampoos
Special chemical agents designed to deposit protein or moisture in the hair are:
Conditioners
The basic types of conditioners include:
Leave-In, Instant, & Treatment
Finishing, detangling, & cream rinses are examples of:
Instant Conditioners
Conditioners that draw moisture into the hair with chemical compounds are called:
Moisturizing Conditioners
Conditioners that penetrate the cortex to replace lost keratin are:
Protein Conditioners
Concentrated protein in a heavy cream base moisturizer is usually a:
Deep Conditioner
Leave-In Conditioners:
Should Not Be Rinsed Out, May Be Used With Thermal Tools, & Help To Equalize Porosity
Rinses that are formulated to control minor dandruff & scalp conditions are:
Medicated Rinses
A rinse designed to counteract yellowish or dull gray tones in the hair is a:
Bluing Rinse
A cosmetic solution that can stimulate the scalp, correct a scalp condition, or be used as a grooming aid is a:
Hair Tonic
The usual pH range of hair conditioners is:
3.0-5.5
Shampoo & haircutting capes are two types of:
Drapes
Nylon, cotton, or synthetic haircutting capes are preferable because they:
Shed Wet or Dry Hair More Effectively
The purpose of a towel or neck strip between the drape & the client's skin is to:
Maintain Sanitation Standards, Conform to State Barber Laws, & Prevent Drape Contact With The Client's Skin
An example of a wet hair service are:
Chemical Service, Shampoo Service, & Hair or Scalp Treatment
The two methods employed by barbers to perform a shampoo service are the:
Inclined & Reclined Methods
The most commonly used shampooing method in the barbershop is the:
Reclined Method
The effectiveness of a shampoo service depends on:
Manner of Shampoo Application, Quality of the Scalp Massage, & Manner of Rinsing
To determine the proper selection of shampoo & conditioning products, the barber must:
Analyze the Hair & Scalp
Hair & Scalp characteristics that require analysis include:
Condition of Scalp, Condition of Hair, & Porosity of Hair
The temperature of the water used in the shampooing process should be:
Warm
Shampoo & Scalp manipulations are performed with:
Cushions of Fingertips
The best time to apply scalp massage manipulations in shampooing is:
After Hair Has Been Lathered
Cleansing the hair without soap & water can be accomplished by using:
Liquid-Dry Shampoo or Powder Dry Shampoo
The essential basic requirements for healthy hair & scalp are:
Cleanliness & Stimulation
A thorough scalp treatment may include:
Cleansing, Massage, Electrotherapy, Light Therapy, & Tonics
Massage manipulations during the shampoo are performed with:
Rotary Movements
The blood supply to the scalp is stimulated by a:
Scalp Steam
Scalp massage should be performed with:
Continuous, Even Motion & Pressure
Barbers are qualified to perform treatments for:
Dry Scalp, Oily Scalp & Hair, & Dandruff
The hair & scalp should be shampooed regularly to keep them free from:
Bacteria
Shampoo may not later readily in hard water because the water contains:
Excessive Minerals
A scalp steam is used to:
Relax & Open the Pores, Soften the Scalp, & Increase Blood Circulation
Prepared steam towels may be stored in:
In A Hot Towel Cabinet
The purpose of a general scalp treatment is to keep the scalp & hair:
Clean & Healthy
Scalp preparations containing moisturizing & emollient agents are used in:
Dry Scalp & Hair Treatments
The release of hardened sebum from the follicles is one purpose of the:
Oily Scalp & Hair Treatment
To treat the appearance of white scales on the hair & scalp accompanies by itching, the barber may perform a:
Dandruff Scalp Treatment
A corrective hair treatment treats the:
Hair Shaft
Scalp or hair products containing alchol should be applied:
After Applying High-Frequency Current
Color shampoos are used for:
Brightening The Hair, Adding Slight Color To The Hair, & Eliminating Unwanted Color Tones
Before applying the shampoo, dandruff may be loosened by:
Massaging & Steaming The Scalp
Instant conditioners usually have a pH that is:
Acidic
What do protein conditioners do:
Penetrate The Cortex & Replace Lost Keratin
Special conditioning formulations designed for use on badly damaged hair are:
Synthetic Polymer Conditioners
Scalp massage is beneficial because it stimulates the:
Blood Circulation
Frequent shampooing with strong soap products may cause the scalp & hair to become:
Dry
A tight scalp can be rendered more flexible by performing a:
Scalp Massage
Some common causes of dandruff are:
Improper Diet, Uncleanliness, & Poor Circulation
A scalp treatment should never be recommended when:
Abrasions Are Present
Nonalcoholic tonics usually contain:
An Antiseptic Solutin & Hair Grooming Ingredients
Alcoholic tonics containing an antiseptic & alcohol act as a:
Mild Astringent
Cream tonics are emulsions containing:
Lanolin & Mineral Oils
An oil mixture tonic is generally used as a:
Grooming Agent
The value used to indicate the acidity or alkalinity of water-based solutions is:
pH
When draping for a wet hair service, towels should be placed:
Over & Under The Cape
Instant Conditioners are usually left on the hair for:
1-5 Minutes
One method used to treat alopecia is to:
Stimulate Blood Supply
The actions caused by an acidic solution on the hair or skin are:
Hardening, Constricting, & Shrinking
The actions cause by an alkaline solution on the hair or skin are:
Softening, Swelling, & Expanding