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Social and Emotional Development

Terms in this set (50)

1.Each stage has a conflict, biological maturation, and social demands that force you on to decide whether to resolve it or not
-a balance of both is needed for optimal development

2.Trust vs. Mistrust: Infancy - birth to one year
-Infants must learn to trust their caregivers to meet their needs. Responsive parenting is critical.

3.Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt: Toddlerhood - 1 to 3 years - Children must learn to be autonomous—to assert their wills and do things for themselves—or they will doubt their abilities.

4.Initiative vs. Guilt: Preschool - - 3 - 6 years - Preschoolers develop initiative by devising and carrying out bold plans, but they must learn not to impinge on the rights of others.

5.Industry vs. Inferiority: School-age childhood - 6 - 12 years - Children must master important social and academic skills and keep up with their peers; otherwise, they will feel inferior.

6.Identity vs. Role Confusion: Adolescence - 12 - 20 years - Adolescents ask who they are and must establish social and vocational identities; otherwise, they will remain confused about the roles they should play as adults.

7.Intimacy vs. Isolation: Young adulthood - 20 - 40 years - Young adults seek to form a shared identity with another person, but may fear intimacy and experience loneliness and isolation.

8. Generativity vs. Stagnation: Middle age - 40 - 65 years - Middle-aged adults must feel that they are producing something that will outlive them, either as parents or as workers; otherwise, they will become stagnant and self-centered.

9.Integrity vs. Despair: Late life -65 years and older - Older adults must come to view their lives as meaningful to face death without worries and regrets.