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8 terms

PARENTING

Parenting and Parenting Styles • Socialization during early-mid childhood is strongly affected by the parents' approach to child rearing • 2 major dimensions on which different parents vary: -Parental warmth -Parental control
STUDY
PLAY
Authoritative Parenting
Make reasonable demands on children/ set
clear rules for family behaviour
• Set limits and insist that child obey
• Express warmth and affection
• Listen to children
• Encourage participation in family decision
making
• Move towards "autonomy granting"
Authoritative Parenting
Effects
Childhood
• Rated as lively, happy
• Self-confident
• Less gender-typed
Adolescence
• High self-esteem, social maturity
• High academic achievement
Authoritarian Parenting
parents set rigid rules, enforce strict punishments, and rarely listen to their child's point of view
Authoritarian Parenting effects
Childhood
•More anxious, unhappy
•Boys likely to react with anger/aggression
•Girls likely to withdraw from conflict
Adolescence
•Some social maladjustment
•Higher achievement than children of Permissive or Uninvolved
Permissive Parenting
an approach to child rearing that is characterized by high nurturance and communication but little discipline, guidance, or control.
Permissive Parenting effects
Childhood
•Impulsive, disobedient, rebellious
•Demanding and dependent (esp. boys)
•Poor persistence
Adolescence
•Poor self-control, school performance
Uninvolved Parenting Effects
Childhood
•Deficits in attachment, cognition and play
•Poor social skills, high aggression
Adolescence
•Poor self-control, school performance
Uninvolved Parenting
style of parenting that provides neither warmth nor control and that minimizes the amount of time parents spend with children